Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer.
To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser .
Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link.
- We're Hiring!
- Help Center
Construction Of Gender Identity Through Written Discourse
2016, Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies
Writing is a reflection of an individual's thought patterns and can manifest different forms of identity: personal, religious, cultural, political, and above all gender identity. A closer look at any text not only helps discover the origin of the writer, but can also reveal his/her gender, which is projected in the text. Using Butler's notion of 'performing gender', the study aims to explore gender identity constructed through the written discourse of male and female students by analyzing the differences and/or similarities in their writing. The categories considered for analysis include: selection of the topic projecting the background knowledge of the writer (reflecting how widely read he/she is), lexical and syntactic choices, degree of grammatical accuracy, degree of modality, element of personalization, and informative vs. involved style, which is evident through the text that is produced. The data of the study are based on students' essays that they were made to write in the CSS preparatory classes conducted under the Students' Guidance Counselling and Placement Bureau and Overseas Examination, University of Karachi. Being a qualitative study, the sample size chosen was limited to the essays by 30: fifteen produced by male and fifteen by female students. The written samples were selected on the basis of stratified sampling, dividing the samples into two homogenous groups, to do a comparative analysis. The findings of the study reveal significant differences in the writing style of both the genders, which proves that the construction of gender identity is not restricted to oral communication but is also observed in writing.
Rubina Saigol and Nida Usman Chaudhary, 'Contradictions and Ambiguities of Feminism in Pakistan: Exploring the 4th Wave', Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES)
Dr. Rubina Saigol
Since 2018 a new wave of feminism has swept across Pakistan consisting mainly of a younger generation of women and other genders. The new, contemporary activism from the 1950s to the 1990s which were focused on challenging the public, socio-legal sphere, that is, the state. The current fourth wave however, marked a tectonic shift in the feminist landscape in Pakistan and inaugurated an entirely new phase in feminist struggles by challenging and deconstructing the hallowed private sphere of the family, community, and society. The marginalised ideas of non-binary persons, non-reproductive and alternative sexual expression were mainstreamed. By reclaiming public spaces and inserting the personal into the heart of the political, the new wave feminists at once dissolved the false dichotomies of the public/private, productive/reproductive, and personal/ political spheres. Published by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) in 2020.
Kakatiya Journal of English Studies
K Damodar Rao
A reference point for feminist perspective in Urdu literature for long, with the publication of English translations of a few of her works, Ismat Chughtai assumed a powerful voice in gender studies in Indian literatures. An important aspect of her fictional substance is that when she began writing in the 1940s there was hardly any feminist writing proper in the West. Margaret Atwood, Simone de Beauvoir, the icons of western feminism appeared much later. Any discussion of ‘gendering Indian narratives’ would be incomplete without an analysis of Ismat Chughtai’s work. She grew up in the face of many constraints: She was a woman, a Muslim, and a writer with a penchant for uninhibited portrayal of feelings. This essay examines some of the events mentioned in her non-fictional work, "My Friend, My Enemy" translated by Tahira Naqvi.
Daath Voyage An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in English (ISSN 2455-7544)
The paper aims to trace feminist elements in the short stories of Ismat Chughtai, a great Indian writer. The paper also aims to analyse stories by Ismat Chightai comparing them in style, content and technique with the works of her contemporary European writers. As she started her literary career as a translator of European writers, the influence is quite evident. The paper will highlight the feminist elements in her stories. There is disagreement within the ranks of feminist writers. Therefore, we find writers like Dorothy Richardson, Jean Rhys and Ismat avoiding to be called feminists. But, the very fact that she was a woman and was writing from the female perspective, discussing social and economic problems faced by women as housewives, maids, working women, beloveds, students or worn out hags, cannot be ignored. As far as raising consciousness, an essential part of the feminist activism is concerned, Ismat's approach is feminist. We find not only the development of female consciousness in her works but also a social critique as she highlights not only the problems faced by women but also explores the socioeconomic causes.
Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies
Fazal Hussain Khan
This study explores media industry in the province of Sindh, Pakistan for gender discrimination. It is generally believed that gender discrimination is based on patriarchal conception of society and is greatly rooted in culture whereas the economical and social models are also responsible for inculcating discrimination based on gender. But the changing patterns of social institutions and the transforming trends in financial designs are determining new standards and definitions. Although the feminist theorists and feminist’s movements have played magnificent role for the eradication of gender discrimination but the mindsets are still to be changed because they are hardened by socialization and cemented by customs, culture and religion for centuries. This research attempts to consult working journalists for whether they have faced, or facing, or observed, or observing discrimination within the media theatre, or the field is free of these curses. This study employs survey technique using a close ended questionnaire constructed under Guttmann Scale. It also conducts face-to- face interviews with senior journalists in Karachi, Hyderabad and Larkana implanting snowball method to deeply explore the media environment in Sindh for gender discrimination. On the basis of its findings, this research offers some implications and suggestions for policy framing and future research.
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction
This article challenges Spivak’s critique of French feminism by presenting the latter as a tool to theorize the diverse subjectivities of third world women through their operation in an intimate “ecto-patriarchal” space. Using Arundhati Roy’s novel The God of Small Things and Ismat Chughtai’s Urdu short story “Lihaaf,” I indicate their alignment with French feminism as they depict third world women gaining autonomy over their selves and thereby exceeding ethnocentric boundaries without negating their contextual specifications. I mainly argue that French feminism enables third world women to rethink their subjectivities by exceeding self-replicating patriarchal discourses that have historically silenced them through a symbolic clitoridectomy.
In Forging the Ideal Educated Girl, Shenila Khoja-Moolji traces the figure of the ‘educated girl’ to examine the evolving politics of educational reform and development campaigns in colonial India and Pakistan. She challenges the prevailing common sense associated with calls for women’s and girls’ education and argues that such advocacy is not simply about access to education but, more crucially, concerned with producing ideal Muslim woman-/girl-subjects with specific relationships to the patriarchal family, paid work, Islam, and the nation-state. Thus, discourses on girls’/ women’s education are sites for the construction of not only gender but also class relations, religion, and the nation.
Bioscope: South Asian Screen Studies
This article is a star study of actress Meena Shorey, whose career navigated the tortuous itinerary of a divisive decolonization, travelling amongst cities and nations, identities and communities, and refugees and citizens. Becoming famous as the “droll queen,” Meena appeared in a number of romantic comedies in post-Partition Bombay, which were directed by her husband and refugee filmmaker Roop K. Shorey, and loosely modeled on the Hollywood screwball. With unconventional gender dynamics and Meena as the ultimate star of these comedies, I argue that the Shorey films were sublime renderings of Partition social relations fissured along community and gender. Ek Thi Ladki (1949), in particular, is a Partition screwball that carries the historic imprint through a cynical humor, the nostalgia for Lahore and the reorientations of national perspectives. As the interfaith romance and marriage between a Muslim Meena and a Hindu Roop constituted a utopian alliance that informed the circulation of these films, it also served as a discursive site for communal and national tensions. Using archival sources accessed in both India and Pakistan, including Meena’s memoir, the article recovers the productive cosmopolitanism that characterized the short-lived Meena–Roop collaboration, which ended with the actress’s migration to Pakistan.
Iram Tahir , Akhtar Baloch
Dr. Tariq Rahman
syed rashid ali , Razia Sultana , Dr Muhammad Ilyas Khan
Wajiha Raza Rizvi
Book of Abstracts Final
Dr Ambika Kohli , Aloy Ojilere , Fareeha Ali , Surinder Kaur , Dr. Salma Javed
Fakhra H Syed
Nausheen H Anwar
Prof.Dr. Muhammad Yousuf Sharjeel
Daanish Mustafa , Nausheen H Anwar
Research in Occupational Stress and Well-being
Journal of Psychosocial Research
International Journal of Nursing Education
Pakistan Journal of Women's Studies: Alam-e-Niswan
BioMed Research International
Federica de Cordova
Qian Dai , Mohammad Alsharfi
Daath Voyage An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in English (ISSN 2455-7544) , Ali mojiz Rizvi
Indian Journal of Health, Sexuality and Culture
Imran Ahmad Sajid
RESEARCH JOURNAL of THE INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION KARACHI-PAKISTAN
9th International Conference on Statistical Sciences
International Research Journal of Pharmacy
Dr. Aneela Maqsood
- We're Hiring!
- Help Center
- Find new research papers in:
- Health Sciences
- Earth Sciences
- Cognitive Science
- Computer Science
- Academia ©2023