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Change a drive letter

  • 4 contributors
Applies To: Windows 11, Windows 10, Windows Server 2022, Windows Server 2019, and Windows Server 2016

If you want to change a drive letter assigned to a drive, or you have a drive that doesn't yet have a drive letter, use Disk Management to change it. You can also mount the drive in an empty folder so that it appears as a folder. For more information, see Mount a drive in a folder .

If you change the drive letter of a drive that already contains Windows or apps, apps might have trouble running or finding the drive. We suggest not changing the drive letter of a drive that already contains Windows or apps.

The following steps show how to change the drive letter.

Open Disk Management with administrator permissions.

In Disk Management, select and hold (or right-click) the volume on which you want to change or add a drive letter and select Change Drive Letter and Paths .

Screenshot showing the Disk Management window with the Change Drive Letter and Paths feature selected.

If you don't see the Change Drive Letter and Paths option or it's grayed out, the volume either isn't ready to receive a drive letter or it's unallocated and needs to be initialized . It might also be that the drive isn't accessible, which is the case with EFI system partitions and recovery partitions. If you've confirmed that your volume is formatted with a drive letter that you can access but you're still unable to change it, that's beyond the scope of this article. We suggest contacting Microsoft Support or the manufacturer of your PC for more help.

To change the drive letter, select Change . To add a drive letter if the drive doesn't already have one, select Add .

Screenshot of the Change Drive Letter and Paths dialog.

Select the new drive letter and choose OK . Then select Yes when prompted about how programs that rely on the drive letter might not run correctly.

Screenshot of the Change Drive Letter or Path dialog that shows how to assign a new drive letter.

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Additional resources

How-To Geek

How to change a drive letter on windows 10 or windows 11.

You can change your drive letters in Windows 10 and 11 using the Disk Management utility.

Quick Links

What changing a drive letter does, how to change a drive letter, how to fix programs broken by changing a drive letter.

Changing the letter of a drive is easy on Windows 10 and Windows 11, but you should do it as soon as you add the drive to prevent future hassles. Find out how to change a drive letter here.

Windows assigns drive letters alphabetically --- starting with C --- when they're initialized. If you want to change a drive letter, you should do it before you install anything on the drive. Changing a drive letter after programs are installed could break them since there will be references to an installation location that is no longer there.

Windows has gotten pretty smart about updating shortcuts so that programs work after changing a drive letter. Most of your applications' shortcuts will probably be automatically corrected. Unfortunately, Windows isn't as good about updating file associations. You'll have to manually set the default apps associated with files to fix file associations if they were broken by changing the drive letter.

It is possible to change the boot drive letter to something else, but we don't recommend it. Changing C:\ to another letter is likely to result in severe issues, like a PC that cannot boot into Windows at all. Even if it were able to boot, there would be a huge number of programs that would not be able to run.

Technically speaking, while they are commonly called drive letters, each letter actually refers to a partition on a disk. If you have multiple partitions on a single disk, you will need to assign a letter to each partition to make them all accessible. If a disk has just a single partition, it will just have a single letter pointing to that partition. (However, you do not have to assign a letter to each partition. Partitions without drive letters will not appear in File Explorer and elsewhere.)

Changing a drive letter is pretty simple. Click the Start button, type "Disk Management" in the search bar, and then hit Enter.

The program name displayed in the search will not be Disk Management. It will be "Create and format hard disk partitions."

Start menu search showing disk manager result is not called disk manager

You could also hit Windows+X or right-click the Start button, and then click "Disk Management."

Click

Identify the drive you'd like to change in the Disk Management Window. In this example, we'll change the letter of the D:\ drive to J:\. You can right-click the drive on the text list, or on the menu below. Either works.

Right click the drive in the list, or right click the drive on the menu at the bottom.

Select "Change Drive Letter and Paths" in the right-click menu that appears.

Click

In the window that pops up, click "Change."

Click

Select whatever letter you want from the drop-down menu. Then click "Ok."

Select letter from drop down menu, then click

Two popups will warn you about changing your drive letter. Click "Yes" on both of them, and then restart your computer.

Once Windows has restarted, the drive letter should be changed.

Arrow pointing to change drive letter.

There are a few ways you can fix a program broken by changing the drive letter.

Fix The Shortcut

If you're lucky, the only thing that is broken is the shortcut. Fix a shortcut by right-clicking the shortcut on your desktop, and then click Properties.

Click

You need to change the target of the shortcut to the new drive letter.

For example, if GIMP was previously installed at " D :\GIMP 2\bin\gimp-2.10.exe," and you changed the D drive to J, change the target of the shortcut to " J :\GIMP 2\bin\gimp-2.10.exe."

Finalize the change by clicking "Apply" and then "Ok."

Edit the shortcut. Then click

Reinstall the Program

Reinstalling the program will generate new entries in the registry, so everything on the computer will know where to look for the program. Some installers won't like reinstalling directly over existing files, so you may need to rename or delete the old installation first.

Change the Drive Letter Back

If you changed the drive letter of a drive with a lot of programs installed, it might be easier to change the drive letter back. Changing the drive letter back should automatically fix any programs and file associations that were broken.

Edit the Registry

You can break programs, or even Windows itself, by editing the registry. Be careful, and learn about how to edit the registry before you try it. Make sure you backup the Windows registry first. You should not attempt this method unless you have no other options.

Windows, and a lot of programs, track where programs are installed via the Windows registry. It is possible to manually adjust the registry to fix broken programs. Keep in mind that there could be dozens of registry entries you need to edit. A program like GIMP can have registry entries for the context menu, for the "Open With" menu, for any file associations, and for the location of its executables. Other programs may only have a few entries related to where it is installed.

If you're not deterred, here's how you do it.

First, you need to know where the program was previously installed. In this case, the program was installed to the "D:\GIMP 2" folder, and the executables were found the "D:\GIMP 2\bin" sub-folder. It is now located at "J:\GIMP 2" instead.

We need to update the registry to reflect the change in location. Click the Start button, type "regedit" into the search bar, right-click Regedit, and click "Run as administrator."

Click

In Regedit, hit Ctrl+F to bring up a search window. Type in the old location for the program you're trying to fix --- "D:\GIMP 2" for our example --- then click "Find Next."

Click

Once Regedit has found something with "D:\GIMP 2" as part of a path, it'll show it to you. Here is an example from the GIMP search.

Some of the GIMP search results found in the registry.

To actually change them, double click the name of the registry entry you want to modify. Then change the drive letter to J, or whatever you chose. If you didn't otherwise move the folder, leave the rest of the path alone. Then click "Ok."

Change the drive letter in Value Data.

You'll need to repeat this multiple times. To find the next result using your search term, you can hit the F3 key. There will be a popup once you've found all of the entries.

Changing drive letters can be a simple way to customize your PC. Do it before you install anything on the drive, however. You'll prevent any problems before they occur, and probably save yourself quite a bit of troubleshooting.

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How to Change a Drive Letter

Don't like the letters assigned to your drives in Windows? Change them!

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What to Know

  • Open Disk Management. Locate the drive you want to change. Right-click and choose Change Drive Letter and Paths > Change .
  • Select the drive letter you want to assign from Assign the following drive letter . Then select OK and choose Yes .

The letters assigned to your hard drives, optical drives, and USB drives in Windows are not fixed. Use the Disk Management tool in Windows to change drive letters. These steps apply to Windows XP and newer versions of Windows .

How to Change Drive Letters in Windows

Follow these steps to change the driver letters in any version of Windows.

You can't change the drive letter of the partition that Windows is installed onto. On most computers, this is usually the C drive.

Open Disk Management , the tool in Windows that lets you manage drive letters, among [many] other things.

In Windows 11/10/8, Disk Management is also available from the Power User Menu ( WIN + X  keyboard shortcut) and is probably the quickest way to open it. You can also start Disk Management from the Command Prompt in any version of Windows, but starting it via Computer Management is probably best for most of you.

Locate from the list at the top, or from the map at the bottom, the drive you want to change the drive letter of.

If you're not sure that the drive you're looking at is really the one you want to change the drive letter for, you can right-click or tap-and-hold the drive and then choose Explore . If you need to, look through the folders to see if that's the right drive.

Right-click or tap-and-hold the drive and choose Change Drive Letter and Paths .

Select Change .

If you've selected the primary drive by accident, some versions of Windows will display a message that reads Windows cannot modify the drive letter of your system volume or boot volume.

Choose the drive letter you want Windows to assign to this storage device by selecting it from the Assign the following drive letter drop-down box.

You don't need to worry if the drive letter is already being used by another drive because Windows hides any letters you can't use.

Select OK .

Choose Yes to the Some programs that rely on drive letters might not run correctly. Do you want to continue? question.

If you have software installed to this drive, it might stop working properly after changing the drive letter. See details on this in the section below.

Once the drive letter change is complete, which usually only takes a second or two, you're welcome to close any open Disk Management or other windows.

The drive letter is different from the volume label. You can change the volume label using similar steps .

If You Have Programs Not on the Main Drive

Changing drive letter assignments for drives that have software installed to them may cause the software to stop working. This isn't quite as common with newer programs and apps but if you have an old program, especially if you're still using Windows XP or Windows Vista, this is likely to be a problem.

Fortunately, most of us don't have software installed to drives other than the primary drive (typically the C drive), but if you do, consider this your warning that you might need to reinstall the software after changing the drive letter.

No Changes for the Operating System Drive

You cannot change the drive letter of the drive that the Windows operating system is installed on. If you'd like Windows to exist on a drive other than C , or whatever it happens to be now, you can make that happen but you'll have to complete a clean install of Windows to do it. Unless you have a pressing need to have Windows exist on a different drive letter, we don't recommend going through all that trouble.

Change, Don't Switch

There's no built-in way to switch drive letters between two drives in Windows. Instead, use a drive letter that you don't plan on using as a temporary "holding" letter during the drive letter change process.

For example, let's say you'd like to swap Drive A for Drive B . Start by changing Drive A's letter to one that you don't plan on using (like X ), then Drive B's letter to Drive A's original one, and finally Drive A's letter to Drive B's original one.

Using the Command Prompt

You can also change the drive letter from Command Prompt . It's not as easy as using Disk Management and you can't see right away which letters are available to choose, but it is completely doable with the diskpart command.

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6 Ways to Change the Drive Letter in Windows

Ojash Yadav

If your PC suddenly stops showing one of your internal drives in the file explorer or not list your external drive, it could be due to the OS getting confused with the drive letters. Simply changing your assigned drive letters can help you bypass this conflict. Here are six ways to change the drive letter.

1. Change the Drive Letter Using Settings

2. using command prompt, 3. disk management, 4. registry editor, 5. windows powershell, 6. drive letter changer software, frequently asked questions.

Also read: How to Clean Up and Make Space on Your Windows “C” Drive

Is It Safe to Change a Drive Letter in Windows?

Changing the drive letter is not entirely harmless and can cause significant problems based on the contents of your drive. If you have applications and software installed on your drive, those applications may cease to work.

For example, if you change the name of your D: drive to an F: drive, then the software installed in the D drive will still search for code in the D: file. While you can still access the data inside, there may be errors that will cause a nuisance in your day-to-day usage.

However, you may safely change the letter of some drives. If a partition simply includes data files that you rarely use, changing the drive letter may cause minor inconvenience, but nothing serious. The letters of external drives can almost always be changed without any problems.

  • Press Win + I to open the Settings app, then select the “System” tab. Scroll down and click on “Storage.”

Windows 11 Settings Storage Section

  • Scroll down on the right side and click on “Advanced storage settings.”

Advanced Storage Options

  • Under Advanced storage settings, click on “Disks & Volumes.”

Disk Volumes

  • Select the drive whose letter you want to change, then click on the “Properties” button for that drive.

Disk Volumes Properties

  • In the Drive Properties, you will find the option to change the drive letter of the selected drive.

Disk Volumes Change Drive Letter

  • Once you click on the option to change the drive letter, you will find a drop-down menu that will allow you to change the drive letter.

Choose Drive Letter

  • Click on the letter you want to assign.

Volume Data Drive Letter

  • Once you have selected your preferred letter, click on “OK” to confirm your choice.

System Change Drive Letter

Also read: How to Format a Drive in FAT32 in Windows

  • Search for the command prompt on the start menu by typing cmd , right-click on it, and select “Run as administrator”.

Search For Cmd

  • On the command prompt home screen, type:

Diskpart Utility Homescreen

  • Press Enter , then type:

List Volume

  • Press Enter. You’ll see a list of your system’s drives. Make a note of the volume number of the drive. In the example pictured, it’s “Volume 3”.

Cmd Select Volume

  • Type the following code:
  • Type the following code to assign the new letter:

Instead of “new drive letter,” type the letter you want. For example: assign letter=S

Diskpart Drive Letter Assigned

The drive letter will be changed to your preferred letter.

Also read: 8 Ways to Customize Windows Terminal

  • Right-click on the Windows button and open “Disk Management.”

Open Disk Management Utility

  • Under the “Volume” column, you will find the various partitions of your storage. You need to find the drive whose letter you’ll change and right-click on it.

Disk Management Select Drive

  • In the dialog box that appears, click on “Change.”

Change Drive Letter Button

  • Click the drop-down menu next to “Assign the following drive letter,” then select your letter and press “OK.”

Disk Management Select A New Drive Letter

  • A warning message will pop up. Click “Yes” if you are sure about your decision to change the drive letter.

Disk Management Apply Changes

Also read: Which Allocation Unit Size Is Best for Your Drive?

  • To change the drive letter through registry editor, first press Win + R to open the Run dialog and type regedit .

Search For Registry Editor

  • Type in the following address at the top of the application:

and press Enter .

Registry Editor Mounted Devices

  • Navigate to the list of binary keys. Select the key that corresponds to the drive letter that you want to change. For example, if we want to change the letter of the D: drive, we would look for “\DosDevices\D:”
  • Right-click on the selected registry and rename the drive letter to what you want, just as you would rename any other file.You will have to restart your computer for the effects to take place.

Registry Editor Rename

Also read: 16 Useful Windows Registry Hacks to Optimize Your Experience

  • Using the search button on the taskbar, search for “Powershell” and run it as administrator.

Windows Powershell

  • Type the following command:

Powershell Get Partition Command

  • A screen will show you your disk partitions. Make a note of what drive letter you want to change.

Administrator Windows Powershell Listing Drives

  • To change the drive letter, type the following command:

Make sure to substitute “current drive letter’ and “new drive letter” with the actual drive letters, then press Enter .

Windows Powershell Settings New Drive Letter

Also read: How to Map a WebDAV Drive in Windows

If you are looking for a tool that can help you manage your partition and drives, these software will help you change your drive letter.

  • MiniTool Partition Wizard
  • AOMEI Partition Assistant
  • EaseUS Partition Master

These tools are easy to use and have GUI interfaces that make them simple to use and also a one-stop destination for you to manage your storage devices. For the purposes of the demonstration, we are using MiniTool Partition Wizard to change the drive letter.

  • Download MiniTool Partition Wizard. (It is a direct download link.)

Minitools Installer

  • Run the installer and launch the app. You will get a listing of all your drive partitions mentioned below.

Minitool Partition Wizard Homescreen

  • Right-click on the target drive partition and select “Change Letter.”

Minitools Change Letter

  • Open the drop-down list and select a new drive letter for your target drive.

Se;ect A New Drive Letter In Minitool

  • Click on “Apply” to save the changes.

Minitool Click Apply

  • You will receive a warning pop-up asking you to close all background applications. Click “Yes.”

Minitool Apply Changes Warning

  • You will now receive a confirmation message telling you that the new changes have been applied.Click “OK.”

Minitool Changes Applied Dialouge Box

Also read: How to Format Your USB Drives in Windows

1. How are drive letters assigned in Windows?

Drive letters are assigned to every new drive in alphabetical order. Traditionally, the A: and B: drives were used for floppy disks, and the system drive on which Windows is installed is named C: by default.

2. Can I change the drive letter for the System Drive?

No, changing the drive letter on the system drive is not possible, as Windows is installed on the system drive. If that was changed, the system drive would not be found and the computer would cease working.

3. Can I switch drive letters among two drives?

No, there is no functionality in Windows to switch drive letters directly between two drives. If you want to switch the drive letters between the D: drive and the E: drive, you will have first change the D: drive to another letter (so as to free up the D:), change the E: to D:, then change the first one to E:.

Image credit: Plastic magnetic letters by 123RF

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Ojash Yadav

Ojash has been writing about tech back since Symbian-based Nokia was the closest thing to a smartphone. He spends most of his time writing, researching, or ranting about Bitcoin. Ojash also contributes to other popular sites like MakeUseOf, SlashGear, and MacBookJournal.

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5 Ways To Change Drive Letter In Windows 11, 10

Change Drive Letter

Windows is programmed to assign drive letters automatically when a new partition is created. If you do not like the drive letter assigned to a partition, or for any other reason, you can change it.

Windows assigns drive letters in alphabetical order, starting with “C.” “A” and “B” are reserved for floppy disk drives. Since the first partition to be created is the system drive, it is usually labeled “C” by default.

For a partition to show up in Windows Explorer , it must have a drive letter assigned to it. Otherwise, you cannot access the partition. This is also true in case you attach a USB flash drive to your computer.

Table of Contents

On This Page

Is it possible to change system drive letter.

Before we discuss how to change a drive letter, we must inform you that you cannot change the drive letter of the system drive, after the operating system has been installed on it. This is because many dependent applications and programs are installed which require the complete path to files to function properly.

If the drive letter in the path to a file is changed, the associated app may no longer function. For example, if the initial path “C:\Windows\System32” was changed to “J:\Windows\System32,” certain components of the app may no longer find the file required.

Similarly, if an app or program is installed on another partition other than the system partition, and it does not automatically pick up the changed path (which most modern apps usually do), you may have to make manual changes to the Windows Registries to provide the new path.

Let us now show you 5 ways to change drive letters in Windows.

How to Change Drive Letters in Windows

Change drive letter using disk management console.

The Disk Management Console provides several options to manage your storage partitions and volumes, such as formatting or creating new partitions, shrinking or expanding them, or assigning/changing drive letters.

Follow the steps given below to change the partition’s assigned drive letter:

Open the Disk Management Console by typing in “ diskmgmt.msc ” in the Run Command box .

Open the Disk Management Console

Right-click on the partition you want to change the letter for, and then click “ Change Drive Letter and Paths ” from the context menu.

Note: If you see that the option is not available or has been greyed out, then the partition’s drive letter cannot be changed.

Change the drive letter or path from the Disk Management Console

From the pop-up wizard, click  Change .

change 1

Select an available drive letter from the drop-down menu in front of “ Assign the following drive letter: ” and then click  Ok .

Assign a new drive letter from Disk Management Console

Click Yes on the confirmation dialog box .

Confirm drive letter assignment

[Conditional] You may then see another warning message. If you do, click  Yes  again, and then  restart  your computer for the changes to fully take effect.

Intimation for drive letter in use

You will now see that the drive letter has been successfully changed.

Change Drive Letter using Command Prompt

If you are a command-line guy, you can also change the drive letter of a partition using the Command Prompt. Here is how:

Open Command Prompt with administrative privileges .

Enter the disk partition mode by typing in the following, and then hitting Enter :

Enter the Disk Partition mode in Command Prompt

Run the following to obtain a list of current partitions and their details.

List all volume details in Command Prompt

Now select the volume for which you wish to change the drive letter by running the following cmdlet.

Replace [Number] in the command below with the volume number you see in the table obtained in Step 3 above.

Select a volume

Now use the following command to assign a new, vacant drive letter to this volume.

Replace [Alphabet]] with the new drive letter that you want to assign.

Assign a new letter to partition using Command Prompt

The new drive letter will now be assigned. You may now close the Command Prompt since the partition will now automatically open in Windows Explorer.

Change Drive Letter using PowerShell

Changing the drive letter using Windows PowerShell allows you to do so using the Command Line Interface (CLI) in a few easy cmdlets, as opposed to the lengthy process of using the Command Prompt. Here is how:

Launch Windows PowerShell with administrative rights .

Run the following cmdlet to get the current partitions and their associated details:

Get volume details in PowerShell

Now use this information to change a partition’s drive letter.

Replace [OldLetter] with the current drive letter for volume, and [NewLetter] with the new drive letter which you want to assign to the volume.

Assign a new drive letter using PowerShell

The drive letter will now change, and the partition will now automatically open in Windows Explorer.

Change Drive Letter from Windows Registry

You can also change the drive letter directly from the Windows Registry. Here is how:

Note: Misconfiguration of critical values in the system’s registry could be fatal for your operating system. Therefore, we insist that you create a system restore point or a complete system image backup before proceeding forward with the process.

You can also use our top selection of disk imaging and backup software so you never lose your data or operating system again.

Open the Registry Editor by typing in “ regedit ” in the Run Command box.

Open the Registry Editor

Now paste the following into the navigation bar at the top of the Editor for quick navigation:

Navigate to the MoutedDevices key

In the right-hand pane, look for the values whose name starts with “ \DosDevices .” This will display the current drive letters for the partitions on your computer.

Right-click on the drive letter you want to change, and then click Rename from the context menu.

For example, to change “J”, right-click “ \DosDevices\J: ” and then click Rename .

Rename Windows Registry to change the driver letter

Now rename the value and replace the old drive letter with the new one, as we did in the image below.

Change drive letter from Windows Registry

Now restart your computer for the changes to take effect.

When the computer reboots, you will see the drive letter has been changed.

Use Drive Letter Changer

Drive Letter Changer is a third-party freeware that can be used to perform a number of different tasks, including changing a partition’s drive letter. Moreover, it is portable software, which means it does not need to be installed on your PC.

Perform the following steps to download and use Drive Letter Changer to change drive letters:

Download the Drive Letter Changer here .

Extract the contents of the compressed folder.

Run the application labeled “ dChanger .”

The application will now automatically detect existing partitions and drive letters.

Right-click on the drive letter you want to change, expand “ Change drive letter ,” and then select a vacant drive letter that you wish to assign.

Change drive letter using third-party software

The drive letter will now change in an instant.

How to Swap Drive Letters Between Volumes

Unfortunately, there is no direct way of swapping drive letters between 2 partitions; you can only assign a vacant drive letter or remove it.

Therefore, if you wish to swap drive letters between two partitions, you must first change the drive letter of the primary partition to something else, so its initial drive letter becomes vacant. Then, change the drive letter of the secondary partition and assign the drive letter recently vacated from the primary partition. Now you can assign the vacated drive letter from the secondary partition to the primary partition.

This can be a bit confusing, so we have drafted down the process in the methods below.

Swap Drive Letter from Disk Management Console

Open the Disk Management Console by typing in “ diskmgmt.msc ” in the Run Command box.

diskmgmt

Right-click on the primary partition and click “ Change Drive Letter and paths “  from the context menu.

Change drive letter from the Disk Management Console

From the popup wizard, click  Remove .

Remove a drive letter

If prompted for a confirmation, click  Yes .

Confirm drive letter removal

You may then see another warning message. If you do, click  Yes  again.

Intimation of drive being in use

Now right-click on the secondary partition and click “ Change Drive Letter and paths ” from the context menu.

Change the drive letter of the secondary drive

Now assign the drive letter from the primary partition and click  Ok .

Assign the primary drive's letter to the secondary drive

In the confirmation box, click  Yes .

Now right-click on the primary partition again, and click “ Change Drive Letter and Paths ” from the context menu.

Change the drive letter of the primary drive again

From the pop-up wizard, click  Add .

Add a new drive letter

Now assign the drive letter initially assigned to the secondary partition, and click  Ok .

Assign a new drive letter to the primary drive

(Optional, but recommended) Now restart your computer so the changes can be finalized.

You can apply the same logic to switch drive letters between 3 or more partitions as well.

Swap Drive Letter using Command Prompt

You can also switch the drive letters between 2 partitions (or more) using the same logic. Here is how:

Enter the disk partition mode by typing in the following, and then hitting Enter .

Now paste the following to obtain a list of current partitions and their details:

List volume details in Command Prompt

Now select the  primary  volume using the cmdlet below.

Replace [Number] in the command with the volume number you see in the table obtained in Step 3 above.

Select a volume

Now remove the assigned drive letter using the following cmdlet.

Replace [Alphabet] with the drive letter currently assigned to this volume.

Unassign dive letter from Command Prompt

Now select the  secondary  volume using the cmdlet below.

Select the secondary volume

Now assign the recently-vacated drive letter from the primary partition to this volume using the given cmdlet.

Replace [Alphabet] with the drive letter initially assigned to the primary volume.

Assign primary drive's letter to the secondary drive using Command Prompt

Now select the primary partition again.

Select the primary volume again

Now assign the drive letter from the secondary partition to this volume.

Assign the secondary drive's letter to the primary drive

The drive letters have been swapped successfully. You can now close the Command Prompt.

You can apply similar logic to other methods to swap drive letters between 2 or more drives. This can be done using Windows PowerShell, Windows Registry, and the Drive Letter Changer software.

How to Fix Affected Programs After Changing Drive Letter

As we already mentioned, changing a drive letter where an app or program may be installed might break it. If the problem is not fixed automatically after a reboot, you may have to fix it manually. Here are a few solutions that might work.

Change Path for Shortcut

If you are trying to run an app or program using its shortcut, then just fixing the path of the shortcut might fix the problem.

Right-click on the shortcut and click  Properties .

Open item properties

Switch to the Shortcut tab, change the drive letters in the “ Target ” and “ Start in ” fields with the new drive letters, and then continue to click Apply and Ok .

Fix issue with apps affected by changing drive letters

Now try re-running the program using the shortcut.

Revert Drive Letter

If the issue occurs after changing the drive letter, then you can try changing it back to the old one using the given methods above.

This is not an ideal case, but it will probably solve the problem.

If you do not wish to revert to the drive letter, you can skip this method and try out the ones discussed below.

Change Drive Letter in Windows Registry

Open the Registry Editor

From the Registry Editor, click Edit and then click Find .

Search inside the Registry Editor

Type in the old location for the app you are trying to troubleshoot, and then click “ Find Next .”

Look for old path inside Windows Registry

When the search wizard finds a match, double-click on the Value in the right pane, and then change the old drive letter with the new one in the text field under “ Value Data .”

Fix app issue caused by changing drive letter from Windows Registry

Now repeat steps 2 through 5 until all paths have been updated with the new drive letter.

Once done, close the Registry Editor and restart the computer for the changes to take effect.

After the computer reboots, check to see if the issue has been resolved.

Reinstall Program

If none of these methods have worked for you, you can try reinstalling the program. Simply delete the app, download the new setup from the vendor’s website, and perform a new install.

Closing Words

People often mistake the drive letter for the name of the volume. However, these 2 are totally different. A drive letter is an alphabet defining a volume/partition on the disk, whereas a name could be anything you want it to be.

By default, Windows names a new volume as “New Volume.” You can change the name of the system volume, but cannot change its drive letter.

That said, we would like to know what prompted you to change the drive letter(s) on your system.

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How to Change a Drive Letter in Windows 10

how to change letters of drive

Lee Stanton Lee Stanton is a versatile writer with a concentration on the software landscape, covering both mobile and desktop applications as well as online technologies. Read more November 19, 2022

Changing drive letters in Windows certainly has its benefits. You can hide a specific drive from all apps on your computer, thus preventing these apps from writing on a specific partition or edit the drive letter after adding a new HDD or SSD.

How to Change a Drive Letter in Windows 10

If you’re looking to change drive letters in Windows 10, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we’ll provide you with detailed steps on how to change or remove various drive letters.

There are a couple of different ways to change a drive letter in Windows 10. Below, we’ll show you how to do so with Disk Management. This is the most straightforward way to apply changes to your drive letters in Windows 10.

how to change letters of drive

You have now successfully changed a drive letter in Windows 10.

How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10 Using Command Prompt

Another way to change drive letters in Windows 10 is using Command Prompt. This process is relatively simple:

  • Make sure you’re running your PC in Admin mode.

how to change letters of drive

You have now changed your drive letter in Windows 10.

How to Remove a Drive Letter in Windows 10

If you want to remove a drive letter in Windows 10, you can do so from Desk Management. Just follow these simple steps:

how to change letters of drive

  • Click OK to confirm the operation.

You have now successfully removed a drive letter in Windows 10. After removing a drive letter, you won’t be able to see it in your File Explorer any longer. Also, to remove a letter, you must sign in as the administrator.

How to Change a Network Drive Letter in Windows 10

Changing a network drive letter in Windows is a pretty straightforward process. Just follow these steps, and you’ll be good to go:

how to change letters of drive

Additional Steps if You Receive an Error Message:

how to change letters of drive

You’ll now see your network share in the This PC screen.

How to Change a USB Drive Letter in Windows 10

You might want to change a USB drive letter in Windows 10 if Window Explorer doesn’t recognize the external hard drive. For this or any other reason, just follow the simple steps shown above for an HDD/SSD to change your USB drive letter.

How to Change DVD Drive Letter in Windows 10

Changing a DVD drive letter in Windows 10 can be done easily through Disk Management. Just follow the steps shown above to also change the DVD drive letter.

You have now successfully changed your DVD drive letter in Windows 10.

How to Change Recovery Drive Letter in Windows 10

Changing your recovery drive will only take a few seconds. Just as before, follow the directions shown previously to quickly change your recovery drive letter.

How to Change Boot Drive Letter in Windows 10

Unfortunately, changing your boot drive letter in Windows is not possible through Desk Management.

We only recommend changing your boot drive in case of an emergency. Otherwise, you shouldn’t make any changes to your boot drive. If you make a wrong step, you might not be able to run your system properly. For that reason, please follow the steps we’ve provided carefully. You should also make a system backup before proceeding any further.

Below, we’ll explain how to swap drive C and D letters. To assign your C drive with another letter, you should rename the \DosDevice\letter: value to another letter that’s not already in use.

Also, before you mess with the Register, it’s a good idea to create a copy of the Register before it’s been edited.

how to change letters of drive

  • Close the Registry Editor, wait a few seconds, and then open it back up.

how to change letters of drive

  • Click Rename .
  • Rename the file to a new drive letter \DosDevices\Z:. This will empty your C partition.
  • Locate the drive you wish to change the letter of. Find \DosDevice\D:. Right-click on it and click Rename .
  • Change the name to the new drive letter \DosDevice\C:.
  • Choose the appropriate value for \DosDevices\Z: and click Rename .
  • Change the name to \DosDevices\D:.
  • Close Regedit and open it back up.
  • Change the Admin permission settings to Read Only .
  • Restart your PC.

You have now successfully changed your boot drive letter in Windows 10.

Additional FAQs

Is it safe to change drive letters.

Changing drive letters is not a problem in itself. But if your computer needs to run a file that’s written in that very drive, you might have an issue. It’s not just for any reason that Windows warns you before changing a drive letter.

Generally, it’s not recommended to change drive letters unless that would help solve a specific issue. For example, if your Windows Explorer doesn’t recognize an external device under a certain driver, it’s okay to change its name.

There are some drives you can change the letters of without consequences. For example, to a partition that has files you rarely use. Also, you can change an external drive’s letter without problems.

Changing Drive Letters in Windows 10

In this article, we’ve provided you with some useful tips on how to change drive letters in Windows 10. Remember, only do this if strictly necessary, as it might cause some apps on your computer to not run properly.

Have you ever had to change your drive letters for a specific reason? Did you run into any problems? Share your experiences in the comments section below.

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How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10 & 11

Drive or partition letters are not fixed. You can change them. Here is how to change a drive letter in Windows 10 & 11 operating systems.

Windows automatically assigns a unique drive letter for all the drives, partitions, and plugged-in USB drives. Generally, the assigned letters are in incremental order starting with the letter C. For the most part, you don’t have to change the drive letter as it is pretty inconsequential in most cases. However, there might be times when you need to manually modify the drive letter of a drive, partition, or plugged-in USB drive to meet certain requirements.

For example, I want to use the drive letter X for one of my partitions because one of my older scripts requires it. The script won’t work as intended if it doesn’t have that specific drive letter. Since these are older files, and there are many of them, in typical Windows fashion, I tend to swap the drive letter rather than making the necessary changes to the script files.

Thankfully, Windows has several ways to change the drive letter . You can use the built-in partition manager or execute a few commands in the terminal. I will show both ways, follow the method you like.

Table of contents:

Change drive letter using partition manager

Commands to change drive letter.

Note: Close all active programs except your browser before proceeding with the below steps. It will reduce potential conflicts between programs and the drives.

Important: Do not change the drive letter of system volume or boot partition (C drive).

The steps below work the same in Windows 10 and 11.

Though most don’t know, Windows has a built-in partition manager called Disk Management. You can use it to quickly and easily change the drive letter. All you have to do is go to the drive options and choose the new drive letter.

Here is how to do it:

  • Press “ Win + R ” to open Run .
  • Type “ diskmgmt.msc ” and click “ Ok .”
  • Find the drive you want to modify.
  • Right-click on the drive.
  • Choose the “ Change drive letter and paths ” option.
  • Click the “ Change ” button.
  • Select the “ Assign the following drive letter ” radio option.
  • Choose a drive letter from the dropdown.
  • Click “ Ok .”
  • Click “ Yes ” in the warning window.
  • Again, click “ Yes ” in the second warning window.
  • Close the main disk management window.
  • You have successfully changed the drive letter in Windows 10 and 11.

Steps with more details:

First, search and open “Create and format hard disk partitions” from the Start menu. You can also use the “diskmgmt.msc” Run (Win + R) command.

After opening the Disk Management tool, find the drive you want to change the drive letter, right-click on it, and choose the “Change drive letter and paths” option.

Change-drive-letter-option-190820

Now, click the “Change” button.

Click-change-button-190820

Select the “Assign the following drive letter” radio option, choose a drive letter from the dropdown menu, and press “Ok.”

Select-new-drive-letter-190820

You will see a couple of warning prompts. Press the “Yes” button in both prompts.

Accept-changes-190820

Finally, close the Disk Management tool, and you are done.

That is all. You’ve successfully changed the drive letter in Windows. To make the changes take full effect, reboot the system.

Drive-letter-changed-190820

You can use the diskpart command to change the drive letter of any drive, partition, or USB drive in Windows. Here’s how to use the command to modify the drive letter.

Press the Windows Key to open the Start menu . Type “ Command Prompt ,” right-click on the result, and select the “ Run as administrator ” option. You can also right-click the Start menu, choose “Windows Terminal (Admin),” and open the Command Prompt tab in it.

After opening the cmd window, type “ diskpart ” and press Enter. This will launch the diskpart program in the cmd window.

Diskpart-command-190820

Type “ list volume ” and press Enter.

The above command will list all partitions and their volume numbers. Take note of the volume number of the drive you want to modify.

Next, execute the “ select volume #number ” command. Don’t forget to replace the #number with the actual volume number.

Diskpart-list-volume-select-volume-190820

After selecting the volume, execute the “ assign letter=NewDriveLetter ” command. Replace “ NewDriveLetter ” with the actual drive letter you want to assign.

Diskpart-change-drive-letter-190820

Once assigned, close the cmd window.

That is all. Once the diskpart commands are executed successfully, the drive letter is changed instantly. To make the changes take full effect, reboot Windows.

I hope this simple and easy Windows how-to guide helped you.

If you are stuck or need some help, send an email, and I will try to help as much as possible.

Did you know you can change a drive icon to anything you want? Follow the linked article to understand how to do it.

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How to assign permanent letters to drives on Windows 10

You can assign drive letters manually, and in this guide, we show you how on Windows 10.

how to change letters of drive

On Windows 10, when connecting a removable storage device or an internal hard drive, the system detects and assigns a drive letter automatically to make it usable. However, when reconnecting an external drive (such as a USB flash drive or SD or microSD cards), the system can end up assigning a different letter, which can be annoying.

If you want to see the same drive letter on a particular device, you can manually assign a permanent letter to any drive connected to your computer, and on Windows 10 , you can do this in at least three different ways, using Disk Management, Command Prompt, or PowerShell.

Using this approach will prevent Windows 10 from assigning a new letter or trying to set a letter already in use, which can cause conflicts. Also, it helps to select a drive letter that makes more sense to you.

In this Windows 10 guide, we walk you through several methods to manually assign a permanent letter to a drive, as long as you're connecting the drive to the same device and the letter isn't already in use.

How to assign a drive letter using Disk Management

How to assign a drive letter using command prompt, how to assign a drive letter using powershell.

To manage drive letters with the Disk Management tool, use these steps:

  • Open Start .
  • Search for Create and format hard disk partitions and click the top result to open the Disk Management experience.
  • Right-click the drive and select the Change Drive Letter and Paths option.
  • Click the Change button.
  • Select the Assign the following drive letter option.
  • Use the drop-down menu to assign a new drive letter. Quick tip: To avoid the system trying to assign the same letter to another drive, it's a good idea to start adding letters in backward order. For instance, instead of using D, E or F, it better to start with Z, Y or X when assigning a new letter.
  • Click the OK button.
  • Click the OK button again.

Once you complete these steps, the drive will permanently retain the assigned letter, even after reconnecting it. However, if you connect the drive to another device, it may receive a different letter.

While the easiest way to assign a new drive letter is to use Disk Management, you can also use DiskPart in Command Prompt to perform the same task.

To assign a drive letter using Command Prompt, use these steps:

  • Search for Command Prompt , right-click the result, and then select the Run as administrator option.
  • Type the following command to start DiskPart and press Enter : diskpart
  • Type the following command to list all the available volumes and press Enter : list volume
  • Type the following command to select the volume (drive) to assign a new letter and press Enter: select volume 3 In the command, make sure to change "3" to the number that represents the drive on your device.
  • Type the following command to assign a new drive letter, and press Enter : assign letter=Z The command assigns the letter "Z" to the drive assuming it's available. However, you need to make sure to change the letter for the one that you want to use.

After completing these steps, similar to Disk Management, every time you reconnect the storage to the same device, Windows 10 should assign the same letter automatically.

Alternatively, you can also use PowerShell to change a drive letter on Windows 10 using these steps:

  • Search for PowerShell , right-click the result, and then select the Run as administrator option.
  • Type the following command to list the available drives and press Enter : Get-Disk
  • Type the following command to assign a permanent letter to the drive and press Enter : Get-Partition -DiskNumber 1 | Set-Partition -NewDriveLetter Z In the command, make sure to change "1" to the number that represents the drive that you want to modify, and change "Z" for the new letter that you want to use.

Once you complete the steps, the drive will be accessible through File Explorer using the letter that you assigned, and Windows 10 won't try to change it.

Updated March 7, 2019: We revised this guide to make sure it's current with the latest version of Windows 10.

More Windows 10 resources

For more helpful articles, coverage, and answers to common questions about Windows 10, visit the following resources:

  • Windows 10 on Windows Central – All you need to know
  • Windows 10 help, tips, and tricks
  • Windows 10 forums on Windows Central

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Mauro Huculak

Mauro Huculak is technical writer for WindowsCentral.com. His primary focus is to write comprehensive how-tos to help users get the most out of Windows 10 and its many related technologies. He has an IT background with professional certifications from Microsoft, Cisco, and CompTIA, and he's a recognized member of the Microsoft MVP community.

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How to change drive letter on Windows 11

Here are four ways to assign a different letter to a drive on Windows 11.

Avatar for Mauro Huculak

On Windows 11 , a “drive letter” is automatically assigned to each internal storage, USB drive, DVD drive, and map network drive to identify the volume and make it available on File Explorer or other applications. However, you can change the drive letter to anything you want without deleting the data on the storage. For instance, if you want a drive to use a specific letter related to the content, or the system tries to assign a letter already in use, preventing the storage from appearing on File Explorer and apps.

Whatever the reason, on Windows 11, you can assign a different drive letter in at least four ways using the Settings app, Disk Management, Command Prompt, and PowerShell.

A drive letter (or device letter) can be any character from the English alphabet. However, you cannot use the “C:” because it’s reserved for the main storage that contains the installation. Also, “A:” and “B:” are reserved letters that used to be assigned automatically to floppy drives.

This guide will teach you how to assign a new drive letter on Windows 11.

Change drive letter on Windows 11

  • Change drive letter from Disk Management on Windows 11

Change drive letter from Command Prompt on Windows 11

Change drive letter from powershell on windows 11.

To change the drive letter on Windows 11, use these steps:

Open Settings on Windows 11.

Click on System .

Click the Storage tab.

Under the “Storage management” section, click the “Advanced storage settings” option.

Click on Disks & volumes .

Open Disks & volumes

Select the drive with the volume with the letter to change.

Select the volume and click the Properties button.

Open driver properties

Click the “Change drive letter” button.

Change drive letter

Select the new drive letter for the device connected to Windows 11.

Assign drive letter on Windows 11

Click the OK button.

Once you complete the steps, the system will change the drive’s letter on Windows 11.

Change drive letter from Disk Management

To change the drive letter with Disk Management, use these steps:

Open Start .

Search for Create and format disk partitions and click the top result to open the Disk Management tool.

Right-click the volume and select the “Change Drive Letter and Paths” option.

Change drive letter and paths

Click the Change button.

Disk Management change drive letter

Select the “Assign the following drive letter” option.

Choose a different letter for the drive.

Disk Management assign new drive letter

Click the OK button again.

After completing the steps, the drive will appear in File Explorer with the new letter.

To add a new drive letter with Command Prompt, use these steps:

Search for Command Prompt , right-click the result, and select the Run as administrator option.

Type the following command to launch diskpart and press Enter :

Type the following command to list the volumes and press Enter :

Type the following command to select the volume (drive) to change the letter and press Enter :

In the command, change “2” for the number corresponding to the storage you want to change the letter.

Type the following command to change the drive letter on Windows 11 and press Enter :

In the command, change “H” for the letter you want to use with the drive.

DiskPart change drive letter

Once you complete the steps, the diskpart tool will assign the new letter to the storage.

To change a Windows 11 drive letter with PowerShell, use these steps:

Search for PowerShell , right-click the result, and select the Run as administrator option.

Type the following command to identify the hard drive to change the letter and press Enter :

Type the following command to assign or change the drive letter to internal or external and press Enter :

In the above command, change “0” with the disk number of the drive you want to format and “F:” with the letter you wish to assign to the storage.

PowerShell change drive letter

After completing the steps, the drive will have a new letter assignment. If the drive was previously missing, it will appear in File Explorer.

Avatar for Mauro Huculak

Mauro Huculak is a Windows expert and the Editor-in-Chief who started Pureinfotech in 2010 as an independent online publication. He is also been a Windows Central contributor for nearly a decade. Mauro has over 12 years of experience writing comprehensive guides and creating professional videos about Windows, software, and related technologies, including Android and Linux. Before becoming a technology writer, he was an IT administrator for seven years. In total, Mauro has over 20 years of combined experience in technology. Throughout his career, he achieved different professional certifications from Microsoft (MSCA), Cisco (CCNP), VMware (VCP), and CompTIA (A+ and Network+), and he has been recognized as a Microsoft MVP for many years. You can follow him on X (Twitter) , YouTube , LinkedIn and About.me .

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Home PC Windows Windows 10 How To Change the Drive Letter in Windows 10

How To Change the Drive Letter in Windows 10

How To Change the Drive Letter in Windows 10

“I would love to keep my drives organized. Perhaps labeling my new drive as ‘M’ for music and the other ‘V’ for videos. So How do I go about doing it?”

Changing the drive letter in Windows 10 works the same as it does for Windows versions 8, 7, Vista, and XP. No drive letter (save for C:) is set in stone. Even C is technically changeable but definitely not recommended. You’d have to repartition your PC in order to do so and that’s a whole new can of worms better left unopened.

The Disk Management Tool found in Windows makes altering drive letters a breeze, even for individuals who are not familiar with drive editing. You can have everything completed in just a few minutes. Follow the guide below for instruction on how to change your drive letters.

Changing The Drive Letters in Windows 10

When first connecting a new drive to your PC, be it optical, hard drive, or USB, Windows will automatically assign it the next available drive letter following C. Which letter is assigned is determined by how many other drives you already have connected.

In order to change the letter to something you believe to be more suitable to your taste or needs, you’ll have to open up Disk Management .

  • First, ensure that the letter you want to assign to the drive is not currently in use.

how to change letters of drive

  • You can look through the available folders to see if the correct drive has been chosen.

how to change letters of drive

  • You should avoid A and B as these particular letters have been historically reserved for floppy drives and could confuse older software by being altered.

how to change letters of drive

  • Any software that is currently installed to this drive may stop working properly once the letter has been changed. If this is the case, you’ll need to reinstall the software onto the new drive. This issue is more common in older programs and apps, especially if using Windows XP or Vista.
  • To change your system drive from C: (or whatever you currently have it set as) to another letter will require a clean install of the Windows OS. As stated earlier, this is not something that I can recommend.
  • Swapping drive letters can get a bit tricky. There isn’t any built-in way to do so in Windows. You would need to create a temporary drive letter for the drive letter you don’t intend on using. An example would be changing the D drive to the E drive. Begin by changing the D drive to something you don’t plan on using like ‘X’. Now you have an X drive and E drive. Next, change the E drive to ‘D’ and then finish up by changing X into ‘E’.
  • It’s possible that you may need to restart your machine for the change to take effect. Once rebooted, the drive will display the newly assigned letter.

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How to Change Drive Letter on Windows 11(4 Ways)

How to change drive letter on Windows 11? Here are 4 ways for you with stepwise guide. Also, it’s recommended to create a backup for your computer.

Maggie

By Maggie Updated on December 28, 2023

Way 1. Change drive letter via Windows Settings

Way 2. change drive letter from disk management, way 3. change drive letter from command prompt, way 4. change drive letter from powershell, what is a drive letter.

On Windows 11, every storage device gets a letter like C:, D:, or E: to help you find it in File Explorer. But guess what? You can change these letters if you want. Maybe you want a special letter or the system picked one that's already taken. No worries! On Windows 11, you can switch it up using the Settings app, Disk Management, Command Prompt, or PowerShell. Just remember, you can't mess with the "C:" because that's for the main storage. Also, "A:" and "B:" are off-limits—they used to be for floppy drives. Let's dive into how to give your drive a new letter on Windows 11.

4 Ways to assign drive letter in Windows 11

As for Windows 11 how to change drive letter, here are 4 ways for you:

Here's how you can change a drive letter on Windows 11:

Step 1. Press the  Windows key + I  to open the Settings  app and go to System > Storage .

Step 2. In the Storage management  section, click Advanced storage settings .

Step 3. Click on Disks & volumes .

Step 4. Choose the drive with the letter you want to change.

Step 5. Select the volume and click the Properties  button.

Step 6. Click Change drive letter .

Step 7. Pick a new letter for the device and click OK .

That's it! Your drive's letter on Windows 11 will be changed.

Here's how to change a drive letter using Disk Management:

Step 1. Press Windows + X  at the same time and select Disk Management  from the result list.

Step 2. Search for Create and format disk partition s and click to open the Disk Management  tool.

Step 3. Right-click on the volume and choose Change Drive Letter and Paths .

Step 4. Click the Change  button.

Step 5. Choose Assign the following drive letter . Pick a new letter for the drive.

Step 6. Click OK . And click OK  again.

Now, your drive will show up in File Explorer with the new letter.

To add a new drive letter using Command Prompt, follow these steps:

Step 1. Open Start, and search for Command Prompt , right-click the result, and choose Run as administrator .

Step 2. Type the command ` diskpart ` and press Enter .

Step 3. Type the command ` list volume ` and press Enter  to see a list of volumes.

Step 4. Type the command ` select volume 2 ` (replace " 2 " with the volume number you want to change).

Step 5. Type the command ` assign letter=H ` (replace " H " with the letter you want to use).

Step 6. Press Enter to execute the command.

After completing these steps, Command Prompt will assign the new letter to the storage.

To change a drive letter in Windows 11 using PowerShell, do the following:

Step 1. Open Start and search for PowerShell , right-click the result, and choose Run as administrator .

Step 2. Type the command ` Get-Dis k` and press Enter  to identify the hard drive.

Step 3. Type the command ` Get-Partition -DiskNumber 0 | Set-Partition -NewDriveLetter F ` (replace "0" with the disk number and "F" with the desired letter).

Step 4. Press Enter  to execute the command.

By following these steps, PowerShell will assign or change the drive letter for the specified internal or external storage.

Suggestion: backup your disk to prevent mistaken operation

Changing drive letter on Windows 11 is usually a relatively safe operation, but care still needs to be taken as it can have some impact on the system and applications. Here are some of the possible risks and considerations:

▪ Application associations : Some applications and system services may depend on specific drive letters. If you change the drive letter that a system or application expects, it may cause those applications to not work properly. ▪ System File Paths : If a system file path contains a drive letter, changing it may cause the system file not to be referenced correctly, which could cause problems. ▪ Boot problems : If the drive letter of the system partition is changed, it may cause boot problems. Make sure you know how to fix boot problems in case you need to.

Before getting Windows 11 change drive letter, it is recommended to perform a system backup so that you can restore the system to a previous state if a problem occurs. Also, make sure you know how to undo or restore drive letter changes if needed. AOMEI Backupper Standard  is the best free backup and restore software  which supports all Windows PC, including Windows 11/10/8/8.1/Vista and XP. For Server users, it has AOMEI Backupper Server .

▪ Create a disk backup automatically : You can backup the disk daily, weekly, or monthly to keep all the changes on it. ▪   Backup only changed files : By default, it utilizes Incremental Backup  as default backup method to backup only changed files, which saves much disk space. Also, Differential Backup is supported in the Professional version . ▪  Diversified backup devices : It allows you to create full disk backup in Windows 11 and save it to an external hard drive, USB flash drive, NAS, network drive, etc. ▪  Perform offline disk restore : It is capable of creating bootable rescue media  with USB or CD/DVD to boot the computer from it and then restore disk backup without booting into Windows 11.

Download this software and install it on your PC.

Best free Windows backup software for personal use.

Then open it, go to Backup > System Backup , and follow the on-screen prompt to complete the whole backup process.

In this post we discussed 4 efficient and simple ways to change drive letter in Windows 11. However, every operation comes with potential data loss risks. Then create a backup before you do any operation is suggested. You can use AOMEI Backupper to create a bootable media on any normally working computer, and then use it to boot the problematic computer into WinPE for further backup or troubleshooting.

If you want to protect unlimited computers within your company, you can pick AOMEI Backupper Technician . With the inbuilt AOMEI Image Deploy tool, you are also allowed to deploy/restore system image file on server-side computer to multiple client-side computers over network.

Maggie

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How to Change Drive Letter/Name on Windows 11? Here Are 4 Methods

Windows 11 is the latest operating system released by Microsoft recently. It comes with a quite different outlook. In this post from the MiniTool Partition Wizard website, you can learn about how to change drive letter on Windows 11. 4 methods are introduced and you can choose the one you prefer.

What Is Drive Letter

Drive letter, also referred to as device letter, is an alphabetic character that is assigned to a drive or partition of the storage device on a computer. Usually, the drive letter varies from A to Z and the system partition will be assigned to C by default on Windows.

Once a local drive is given a drive letter, it won’t change automatically when there is only a single operating system. However, the drive letter for a movable storage device such as a USB flash drive or an external hard drive might be different on different computers.

Some partitions won’t be given a drive letter automatically, such as the boot drive, system reserved and recovery partition, and the partitions that cannot be recognized by Windows. Without a drive letter, the drive will be unable to display in File Explorer and users cannot access it.

On Windows 11, the latest operating system offered by Microsoft, users can view the drive letters in File Explorer. If you don’t like the assigned drive letter or the drive letter is missing for some reason, you can change it manually.

In the following content, some common ways to change drive letter on Windows 11 are listed. And you can choose the one you prefer to have a try when it is needed.

Editor’s choice : Change Drive Letter via MiniTool Partition Wizard

MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Click to Download 100% Clean & Safe

  • Launch MiniTool Partition Wizard.
  • Right-click the target partition and select the Change Letter
  • Select a letter and click OK .
  • Click Apply .

Method 1: Change Drive Letter Windows 11 Using Settings

If you have upgraded to Windows 11, you might have noticed that Windows 11 is designed with a new outlook as well as many new features, but the basic user interface is similar to Windows 10.

Here, I’d like to introduce how to change drive letter in Windows 11 via a built-in tool, Windows 11 Settings.

Step 1 : Press Win + I to open Windows Settings quickly.

Step 2 : In the left pane, select System . In the right pane, click Storage > Advanced storage settings > Disks & volumes .

go to Disks & volumes

Step 3 : In the Disks & volumes window, click the drive for which you want to change drive letter and select Properties .

click Properties

Step 4 : Under the Volume data section, click the Change drive letter button.

click Change drive letter

Step 5 : In the pop-up window, select a letter and click OK to keep the changes.

change drive letter

If you don’t like this method, you can continue with the next method. It is also easy to operate.

Method 2: Change Drive Letter Windows 11 Using Disk Management

Disk Management is a preinstalled tool in Windows 11 that can be used to manage connected disks. You can also use it to change drive letter on Windows 11, and you just need to perform a few clicks.

Step 1 : Right-click the Start button and select Disk Management to access Disk Management quickly.

open Disk Management

Step 2 : In Disk Management, right-click the partition where you want to change drive letter and then select the option Change Drive Letter and Paths .

change drive letter and paths

Step 3 : In the pop-up window, click the Change button. On the next page, select a drive letter and click OK to save the changes you have made.

assign drive letter

Step 4 : Click OK when you go back to the window “ Change Drive Letter and Paths for ”.

After the 4 steps, you will get a new drive letter for the selected partition.

Method 3: Change Drive Letter Windows 11 Using Command Prompt

Command Prompt is the command-line interpreter in Windows operating systems and it is kept in Windows 11. With Command Prompt, you can input certain commands and your computer will take corresponding actions. It can activate many features that are not available in the graphical user interface, such as write protecting a drive .

It sounds cool to use Command Prompt. However, you should be careful if you are not familiar with this tool, as you might delete important data or even do harm to the operating system by mistake.

Don’t worry too much. This tool is commonly used to manage disks. It might be a little difficult for new hands, but you can change drive letter on Windows 11 successfully with the following guide.

Step 1 : Press Win + R to invoke the Run window. Then type cmd and press Enter to access Command Prompt .

Step 2 : In Command Prompt, input diskpart and press Enter to launch diskpart.exe, which is used to manage disks and partitions.

input diskpart

Step 3 : Now you can select the target partition and change drive letter for it. And here are two ways you can choose.

Way 1. You can type the following commands one by one in diskpart.exe to select the partition and assign drive letter:

  • Select disk * (replace * with the number of the disk that contains the target partition)
  • List partition
  • Select partition # (replace # with the number of the target partition)
  • Assign letter=k (replace k with the drive letter you want to use)

assign drive letter windows 11

Way 2. Alternatively, you can type the following commands one by one. This way is relatively easier than the first way.

  • List volume
  • Select volume ^ (replace ^ with the number of the target partition and you can identify the number through the label, size, or drive letter)
  • Assign letter=k

assign letter

Step 4 : Input exit and press Enter . You can also click the Close button from the upper right corner to exit Command Prompt.

As you can see, it might take you more time to change drive letter on Windows 11 via Command Prompt. If you haven’t used this tool, you’d better try other ways if you want to save time.

Method 4: Change Drive Letter Windows 11 Using MiniTool Partition Wizard

The last method to change drive letter on Windows 11 is to use a reliable third-party tool and here I recommend MiniTool Partition Wizard. It is a professional disk manager that can be used to create, move, resize, delete, format partitions, recover lost files , check and repair hard drive errors , etc. A huge number of its features are free to use, including Change Letter.

Now, let’s see how to change drive letter on Windows 11 with MiniTool Partition Wizard.

Step 1 : Download MiniTool Partition Wizard by clicking the following button or visiting its official website. Then install and launch it.

Step 2 : When you get the main interface of MiniTool Partition Wizard, right-click the partition where you need to change drive letter. In the pop-up menu, select Change Letter .

click Change letter

Step 3 : In the pop-up window, select a letter and click OK .

change drive letter

Step 4 : When you go back to the main interface, click Apply to execute the pending changes.

Then you can open File Explorer and view the new drive letter.

How to change drive letter on Windows 11? Here are the top 4 methods. And the last one is recommended. Click to Tweet

Bonus Tip: How to Change Drive Name in Windows 11

In addition to changing drive letter, the above tools can also be used to change drive name.

The name of a drive is used to help users to identify what is used for and categorize files. It is also called a volume label. For example, if I use a specific partition to store movies and other videos, I can set the volume label of the partition as videos. In this way, I can quickly find my videos when I need them.

There are multiple ways to rename a drive. The tools used to change drive letter can also be used to change drive name, and here is a simple guide.

Via Settings:

  • Open Windows 11 Settings and go to System > Storage > Advanced storage settings > Disks & volumes .
  • Select the target partition and click Properties .
  • Click Change Label .
  • Type a name and click Apply .

change volume label

Via Disk Management:

  • Open Disk Management .
  • Right-click the partition and click Properties .
  • Type a name in the box and click Apply > OK .

volume properties

Via Command Prompt:

  • Run Command Prompt as administrator.
  • Input label f: music and press Enter (replace “f” with the drive letter of the target drive and replace “music” with the name you want to use).

change volume label

Via MiniTool Partition Wizard:

  • Right-click the target partition and select Label .
  • Type a name and click OK .

Via File Explorer:

  • Press Win + E to open File Explorer .
  • Click This PC .
  • Select the target partition and click its volume label after a few seconds.
  • Input a name and press Enter .

change drive name

Which one do you prefer? Choose one to have a try!

How to change drive letter and name on Windows 11? Here are multiple methods! Click to Tweet

Bottom Line

If you are wondering how to change drive letter on Windows 11, this post can help. Here four effective methods are listed. By the way, it also introduces some ways to change drive name. You can share your ideas with us in the following comment section. For any problems with MiniTool Partition Wizard, you can contact us via [email protected] .

About The Author

Position: Columnist

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  • TECHNOLOGY Q&A

How to change drive letters in Windows 10

Q. How difficult is it to change drive letters in Windows 10?

A. Changing a drive letter in Windows 10 is relatively easy, as follows. Right - click the Windows 10 Menu button and select Disk Management to display a list of all available hard drives. Right - click the specific hard drive letter you want to change, and select Change Drive Letter and Paths . Click the Add button, select a new drive letter, and then click the Change button, as pictured below.

techqa-6

  • Letters A and B are reserved for floppy drives.
  • The drive letter for the system volume or boot partition (usually drive C) cannot be modified or changed.
  • Any letter between C and Z can be assigned to a hard disk drive, CD drive, DVD drive, portable external hard disk drive, or USB flash memory key drive.
  • If you change the drive letter for drives where applications or programs are installed, those applications or programs may or may not function properly after the change because they might refer to the original path used to install those products. In this case, you would likely need to reinstall those applications or programs for them to work properly.

About the author

J. Carlton Collins ( [email protected] ) is a technology consultant, a conference presenter, and a JofA contributing editor.

Submit a question

Do you have technology questions for this column? Or, after reading an answer, do you have a better solution? Send them to [email protected] . We regret being unable to individually answer all submitted questions.

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Three Easy Ways to Change USB Drive Letter in Windows 11, 10, 8 or 7

Top three ways about how to change USB drive letter are listed in this post. You can pick the one that you like.

Bryce

By Bryce / Updated on May 12, 2023

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The reasons for changing drive letter for USB device

You may want to change USB drive letter in Windows 11, 10, 8, or 7 under the following conditions:

☞ The USB device, like external hard drive is not recognized in Window Explorer out of drive letter conflict. To resolve the problem, you can reassign drive ☞ letter to the USB drive. ☞ T he USB drive letter keeps changing every time it was connected to your PC. You can assign a permanent drive letter to the USB drive . ☞ You just don’t like the drive letter that has been assigned automatically to the USB drive and want to change it .

How to: Change USB drive letter in Windows 11/10/8/7 easily

Next, there are three ways about how to change drive letter for USB flash drive, USB external hard drive, etc. will be displayed. Pick up one way as you like.

Method 1. Change USB drive letter via Disk Management

Method 2. change usb drive letter using cmd, method 3. change usb drive letter with a free 3rd party gui tool.

Disk Management is a Windows built-in tool, allowing you to manage disk and partitions conveniently. Follow the steps given below to change drive letter of USB drive in Disk Management.

Step 1. Press Windows + R in Windows 11/10/8/7, input “ d iskmgmt.msc ” and hit Enter key to open Disk Management.

Step 2. Right-click the USB partition that you want to change the drive letter and choose Change Drive Letter and Paths... .

how to change letters of drive

Step 3. In the pop-up window, click Change… . If your USB drive is not showing up in drive out of drive letter missing, you can click Add to assign a drive letter to it.

how to change letters of drive

Step 4. Choose a new drive letter from the list and click OK .

how to change letters of drive

Note: If the USB drive is formatted with a file system incompatible with Windows OS, like Ext4 or is write-protected, you can find that “ Change Drive Letter and Paths ” option greyed out.

how to change letters of drive

To resolve the problem, you can format your USB drive with a file system recognized by Windows 10 /11 or remove write protection at first. Or you can try Method 2 or Method 3 to change the drive letter for your USB drive.

You can also change drive letter for USB drive from Command Prompt through the following steps:

Step 1. Pres s Windows + R simultaneously, input cmd, and click OK .

Step 2 . Type diskpart and hit Enter .

Step 3. Run commands listed below in order.

▪ list volume ▪ select volume n ▪ assign letter= m ▪ exit ▪ exit

how to change letters of drive

If you find out Change Drive Letter and Paths greyed out and are unfamiliar with Command Prompt, you can try a 3 rd party partition manager for Windows PC, AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard. It can change drive letter for USB drive even when it is write-protected or not formatted with NTFS or FAT file system. Now, free download it and take a closer look at how it works.

Step 1. Install and run the partition manager. In the home interface, right-click the partition whose drive letter needs to be changed and go to Advanced > Change Drive Letter .

how to change letters of drive

Step 2. In the pop-up window, choose a new drive letter for your USB drive and click OK .

how to change letters of drive

Step 3. You’ll go back to the main interface automatically. Click Apply and Proceed to commit the operation.

how to change letters of drive

✍ Notes: ✌ You can get more functions, like quick partition, partition recovery, etc., if you upgrade to AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional . ✌ To more easily identify USB drive, like external hard drive, you can also choose to change name of USB drive.

Bryce

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Home » Tech Tips » Windows » How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10?

How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10?

By default, people install Windows operating system in drive C: and use other letters for remaining partitions in hard drive . However, it is not always necessary to use the assigned drive. If you prefer, you can rearrange the computer drives named in a particular order. Windows 10 built-in disk utility tool can allow you to change your computer’s drive letters effortlessly. You only need to avoid changing the drives that contain installed software, or else you will have to install them again. Also, we do recommend you create a backup to ensure your data is not lost. Here are options on how to change the drive letter in Windows 10.

Using Driver Letters in Windows 10

Computer storage has drive letter alternatives from letter A to Z.

  • Windows drive C is the default system storage. Therefore, it is not recommended to change it as many programs may try to install the files in C: drive.
  • Letters A and B represent the floppy disks used in earlier days. Since floppy disks are out of use, you will not find A or B drives in modern day computers.
  • Removable disks are automatically named when added. When you insert USB or external hard drive, Windows will assign a drive letter available next to the previously used one. For example, if you have C, D and E partitions in your hard drive then the external disk will show F drive.

If you want to change the drive letter of a drive, you have to select any other unused letter. You can’t use the same drive letter for more than one drive or partition.

Windows allows you to change the drive letter in two ways.

  • Using Disk Management Tool
  • From Command Prompt

Note that you can change the drive letter in Windows 11 using the default Windows Settings app as explained in this article .

1. Using Disk Management Tool

Follow the below instructions to change the drive letter in Windows computer using disk management tool.

  • Step 1: Open disk management by right-clicking the “ This PC ” icon on your desktop and select “Manage.” Also, you can use the keyboard shortcut, “Win + X” to open power user menu and choose Disk Management option.

Disk Management Tool

  • Step 2: Select the drive you want to change the letter. Right-click on it and select the “Change Drive Letter and Paths” option. You can also select the “Explore” choice to confirm if it’s the right disk.

Change Drive Letter

  • Step 3: Select the “Change” option and proceed to change the drive letter. From the drop-down letter selection, you can choose the letter that you prefer.

Select Drive Letter

After you select the letter, click “OK” to proceed. There will be a pop-up prompting confirmation. In case the drive has any installed applications, they may not run correctly after the change. Click “Yes” to confirm or “No” to decline the change.

2. Using DiskPart Command Prompt

In case you like running simple computer tweaks, then you can opt for this alternative. However, it does not display drive letters available to choose. You can only enter the letter in a command window.

  • Step 1: Run command prompt . Enter CMD in the search area and right-click on the search result. Select the “Run as Administrator” option.
  • Step 2: Then type these commands and press “Enter” after each one of them.

Diskpart Command Prompt

Replace letter Z with the drive/volume you want to change and the letter you wish to assign, respectively. When you list the volumes, you can locate all the drives on your computer. That way, you can assign the letter depending on the type of disk.

Can’t Change Drive Letter Errors and How to Fix Them

You can get errors when changing drive letters, but it is in rare cases. The most common errors you can get are simple to fix.

  • If the change drive letter option is greyed out, maybe it contains system apps. Changing it may cause a system failure. Therefore, we do recommend you avoid changing the drive letter.
  • The drive you are trying to change is set to read-only. Meaning, you are not allowed to make changes. Do a Google search on how you can remove the read-only restriction on the drive.
  • Also, your drive may be in an unsupported file format. In case the drive is in APFS format, you have to change the file format to a supported Windows format such as NTFS or FAT.

Now you can change the drive letter in Windows without using external tools. If you are a novice or a pro, you can use these options. Ensure you don’t change the drive letter to your computer system drive.

About Editorial Staff

Editorial Staff at WebNots are team of experts who love to build websites, find tech hacks and share the learning with community.

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License Server

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Clustered License Servers – configure, install, upgrade, and uninstall

  • Why clustered License Servers

Cluster servers are groups of computers that are combined to increase availability, reliability, and scalability. Clustering the License Server lets users continue working during failure situations without interrupting their access to critical applications.

  • How clustered License Servers work

When the active node in a cluster-enabled License Server suffers from hardware failure, failover occurs automatically. Resources are available again in a few seconds.

A typical cluster configuration has, at a minimum, one active and one passive (backup) server. When the active server in a cluster fails, the ownership of the resources in the cluster is transferred to another node in the cluster. Typically, users cannot detect when one server in a cluster fails over to another.

When the active node of a clustered License Server fails, there is no impact on users connected to the Citrix product. The product might briefly enter the licensing grace period and an event might be written in the product’s event log.

Important: If Citrix Licensing is installed in a clustered environment and the Windows Firewall is enabled, then the connection can fail. Connecting remotely to the console or checking out licenses works until failover occurs in the cluster. Exception rules for CITRIX.exe and lmgrd.exe are created during the installation of Licensing, but do not work after a cluster failover. To work around this issue, create exceptions for Licensing components on the Exceptions tab of the Windows Firewall panel. Create an exception for each of the following ports:
  • License Server port number is 27000
  • Vendor daemon port number is 7279
  • Web Services for Licensing port number are 8083
  • Citrix Licensing in a clustered environment

Like most clusters, a private network is used to send heartbeats, commands, and state information between the nodes of the cluster. If the connection is interrupted, the nodes try to reconnect by the private network first, then the public network. The following diagram illustrates a cluster-enabled licensing deployment:

Communications in a clustered licensing environment:

Communication

Only one node can use the resources in a cluster at any given time. If you already deployed Citrix Licensing and you want to migrate your deployment to a cluster-enabled server, keep the following points in mind:

You must give the client access point the same name as the original License Server. Because you already generated license files that reference a specific server name. If not, then rehost your license files with the new name of the License Server cluster.

Host names in license files are case-sensitive; therefore, the client access point names must be the same case as the host names in the license file. If they are not, you must rehost your license files with the correct capitalization of the names. You can use the Failover Cluster Manager to ensure that the client access point name matches the host name specified in the license file. Cluster and host name case is not an issue if you use Studio in Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops or the Citrix Licensing Manager (from the Start menu on your License Server) to download your licenses.

Point all product installations (for example, servers running Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops) serviced by the old License Server to the new License Server cluster. Change product communication settings so that they use the name of the client access point as the License Server name. For information about editing product-side communication settings, see the product’s documentation.

  • Prerequisites to configure a clustered License Server

The following list outlines the requirements for setting up a License Server in a Microsoft Cluster:

Microsoft clustering functionality exists in:

  • Windows Server 2019
  • Windows Server 2016

Citrix Licensing does not support Clustered Shared Volumes or third party Volume Management products for clusters.

Before configuring Citrix Licensing for Microsoft clustering, you must have a fully functional Microsoft cluster environment. Citrix Licensing Services runs on only one node at a time.

To cluster the License Server, follow these cluster requirements and other requirements from Microsoft for hardware and clustering in general.

Install licensing on the cluster with the License Server installer CitrixLicensing.exe.

When you install Citrix Licensing on a cluster, ensure that you specify the name of the client access point when you are prompted for the name of the License Server during product installation.

We recommend that you use identical License Server hardware for each node in the cluster. In particular, Citrix recommends two network adapters on each node and the servers configured with a shared disk.

Ensure that each node has two network adapters. Network adapters are required for the connection to the public network and the node-to-node private cluster network. We do not support using one network adapter for both connections.

The public and the private IP addresses must be on different subnets because the Cluster Service recognizes only one network interface per subnet.

A name resolution method is necessary to resolve the client access point name. You can choose name resolution methods such as DNS, WINS, HOSTS, or LMHOSTS.

Each server that forms the cluster must be in the same domain.

Set static IP addresses for the private network connector.

We recommend that you use the Citrix Licensing Manager to allocate licenses to the cluster.

When you generate a license file at citrix.com, use the name of the client access point when prompted for the Host ID.

After you download a license file, copy it to the F:\Program Files\Citrix\Licensing\MyFiles folder (where F: is the shared drive for the cluster) on the License Server and reread it.

Important: Citrix recommends setting static IP addresses for all network adapters in the cluster, both private and public. If using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to obtain IP addresses, access to cluster nodes might become unavailable if the DHCP server goes down. If you must use DHCP for your public network adapter, use long lease periods to ensure that the dynamically assigned lease address remains valid even if the DHCP service is temporarily lost or perform a DHCP reservation.
  • Configure a clustered License Server

The following steps describe the overall process involved in installing and configuring licensing on a cluster-enabled server. These steps assume you configured the clustering on the hardware on which you intend to install the License Server.

Create a cluster resource group. Assign a client access point and shared storage to the resource group. Ensure that the first node has control of the cluster resources and the resource group you created points to the first node.

On the first node of the cluster, start the Citrix Licensing installer, CitrixLicensing.exe, as an administrator. Install it on the first node to the shared cluster drive (not the quorum drive). Leave the Last Node in the Cluster check box cleared.

Move the resources from the active node in the cluster to the second node.

Install the License Server on the second node to the same shared location as the first node. You can add more than two nodes to a cluster.

When installing the License Server on the last node in the cluster, ensure that you check the Last Node in the Cluster check box.

Obtain license files that specify the client access point name of the License Server as the host name. After obtaining license files, you must add them to the License Server and then reread them.

Configure your Citrix product to use the client access point name, not the node name of the License Server cluster.

Important: When a clustered License Server fails over, the cluster service renames the lmgrd_debug.log to the name of the node that previously hosted the services. Then it starts the services on the new active node and creates a lmgrd_debug.log.
  • Install licensing on a cluster-enabled server
Important: The .msi does not support clustering. To install or upgrade for clustering, use CitrixLicensing.exe.

The following drive letters and paths/variables are used in this procedure:

D is the drive for your product media.

C is the local hard drive on the specified node.

F is the cluster shared drive resource. (This drive is the installation drive. That is, the place where installation files used by each node are stored.)

Because of a NetBios restriction, ensure that the client access point name is fewer than 15 characters. On non-English platforms, when starting a License Service installation on a cluster node, the Cluster Group list on the Configure screen might contain the system default Cluster Group. Select one of the non-default Cluster Groups and the installation continues normally.

Create a separate noncore cluster resource group. The resource group must have the attached storage assigned a drive letter and a client access point. The client access point must have the same host name used when obtaining the license file. Use the Failover Cluster Manager and Roles > Configure Role in Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server 2019. Then select the Other Server type in the menu. Ensure that the first node of the cluster owns all cluster resources.

Run the License Server installer CitrixLicensing.exe as an administrator . On the Install Location page, set the drive letter to correspond with the cluster shared drive. By default, the licensing components are installed in F:\Program Files\Citrix\Licensing .

During the installation on the first node, do not select the Last Node in the Cluster check box.

Move the resources for the resource group that you created in Step 1 to the second node.

In node 2 of the cluster, run CitrixLicensing.exe as an administrator.

Go back to Step 3. You can install more than two nodes on the cluster. You can install more than two nodes on the cluster. For each additional cluster, repeat Step 3.

When installing the License Server on the last node in the cluster, ensure that the Last node in the cluster check box is checked. The last node is where the ports are configured.

Use the Citrix Licensing Manager to import your license files.

  • Open the console or run commands

All licensing administration features available in standard deployments are also available on clustered License Servers. These features include the management console and the ability to run license administration commands.

Browse to the following location to open the Citrix Licensing Manager in a cluster:

https://client access point name:web service port

Where the client access point name is the name of the cluster and the web service port is the port number for console communications. The default port number is 8083. To specify the location of the license files in the cluster, you can run many license administration commands using the argument -c @client access point name . For example:

lmreread -c @client access point name -all

  • Upgrade a clustered License Server

To upgrade your clustered License Server (from versions 11.12.1 onwards) to the latest version, complete the following steps:

Download the latest License Server build .

Run the License Server installer CitrixLicensing.exe as an administrator .

Move the resources for the resource group that you created when you installed licensing on a clustered enabled server , to the second node.

In node 2 of the cluster, run CitrixLicensing.exe as an administrator. If node 2 is your last node in the cluster, ensure you check the Last Node in Cluster option on the Configure Ports page and click Next .

If you have more than 2 nodes on the cluster, repeat Step 3 .

Note: If you are running a version of a License Server older than 11.12.1, uninstall it and then install the latest version. Older versions of License Server don’t conform to current Microsoft cluster guidelines.
  • Uninstall a clustered License Server

Uninstall licensing from a clustered License Server using the Control Panel > Programs and Features option from the active node. Ensure that the first node contains all the resources.

From the first node in the cluster, start Control Panel > Programs and Features .

Remove Citrix Licensing.

Using the failover cluster manager, move the resources in the Citrix Licensing resource group to the second node.

Remove Citrix Licensing from the second node. If there are more nodes, repeat Steps 3 and 4 for each node, and then proceed to Step 5.

Remove the remaining files from the shared drive.

Note: The uninstallation process does not remove the license files and options files from the shared drive. For more information, see Troubleshoot Licensing .

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The development, release and timing of any features or functionality described in the Preview documentation remains at our sole discretion and are subject to change without notice or consultation.

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CDC says it has no plans to ease Covid isolation yet, despite urging from doctors

An at-home Covid-19 antibody rapid test cassette

People who test positive for Covid should still isolate for five days, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, even though many Americans are already ignoring the policy. That guidance is likely to change at some point, however. 

Following reports that the CDC was considering easing Covid isolation restrictions — including guidelines that people can leave their homes after being fever-free for 24 hours — the agency refused to confirm that such plans were in the works. The potential change was first reported by The Washington Post .

But an official at the Department of Health and Human Services who asked not to be identified said federal health officials are considering relaxing Covid isolation guidelines, although the discussions are at an early stage and no definitive decisions have been made. 

“It’s way too preliminary,” the source said. There’s “lots more consultation to be had.”

The CDC is looking at changes to its overall Covid guidance, which could include recommendations about masking as well as isolation, said a public health official who was involved with a recent call with the CDC. The CDC currently recommends masking for 10 days following a Covid diagnosis . 

There’s no evidence that the virus that causes Covid has evolved to become less dangerous or contagious. What has changed is Americans’ attitudes about Covid restrictions. People are no longer willing or able to spend a week out of work or school because of Covid, experts say.  

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious diseases expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee, said he and his colleagues have privately encouraged the CDC to drop the five-day isolation period, in part because there’s little evidence it’s stopping the spread of Covid. 

The “rigorous recommendations that are currently in place do not reflect common practice,” Schaffner said. “It’s difficult to demonstrate that strict isolation has had a notable impact on transmission.” 

California and Oregon have already broken with the CDC, suggesting that people don't need to stay home if they've been fever-free for 24 hours without medication.

“With each day, the risk of communicability diminishes,” Schaffner said. “Public health recommendations have to be practical.” That is, people may stay home for a few days if they have a fever and feel achy and fatigued. After that, it’s back to business as usual.

Dr. David Margolius, the public health director for the city of Cleveland, said he was also in favor of easing isolation restrictions.

“For a couple years, people really associated public health with the elimination of Covid,” Margolius said. But “public health is about increasing life expectancy for our residents. It’s about improving quality of life. And that is more than just controlling one virus.”

Covid is still contagious, said Dr. Abraar Karan, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Medicine. “What the CDC and health departments are trying to say is that we need to have policies that people are going to actually follow,” Karan said.

As of this month, emergency room visits, hospitalizations and deaths from Covid are down, according to the latest CDC data .

In a statement, the CDC said it had “no updates to Covid guidelines to announce at this time,” adding that it would “continue to make decisions based on the best evidence and science to keep communities healthy and safe.”

how to change letters of drive

Erika Edwards is a health and medical news writer and reporter for NBC News and "TODAY."

how to change letters of drive

Berkeley Lovelace Jr. is a health and medical reporter for NBC News. He covers the Food and Drug Administration, with a special focus on Covid vaccines, prescription drug pricing and health care. He previously covered the biotech and pharmaceutical industry with CNBC.

Premium Content

  • Coronavirus Coverage

Long COVID can destroy your ability to exercise. Now we know why.

As a new study shows, the answer lies in some long COVID sufferers’ muscle damage and their bodies’ ability to make energy.

For many people with long COVID, a major symptom is difficulty with exercising , because when these patients push past their limits it can lead to a devastating cycle of fatigue that boosts the risk of worsening their condition.

These issues with exercise, which is known as post-exertional malaise (PEM), are also the defining symptoms of myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) .

Now a new study , published in the journal Nature Communications , provides an explanation for this feeling of exhaustion, suggesting that patients with long COVID experience a range of changes in their body after exercising, including widespread muscle damage, changes in muscle composition, and disrupted energy metabolism.

This study “actually shows the damage” to the body that is being caused by post-exertional malaise, says Lucinda Bateman, a physician at the Bateman Horne Center, who specializes in treating patients with ME/CFS and long COVID. As Bateman notes, this includes showing “the inflammation, the damage, the scarring, the clots,” which are all found in the muscles of long COVID patients. Researchers also found differences in the activity of the mitochondria—the body’s microscopic energy factories—following exercise.

The suggested response to PEM: pace yourself.

Post-exertional malaise triggered by exercise test

In the study, researchers recruited 25 long COVID patients. These patients were all young—average age, 41—with no other pre-existing conditions, and were all experiencing a significant reduction in their work and social life due to long COVID.

They had to have post-exertional malaise to participate in the study, says Rob Wüst , an exercise physiologist at Vrije University Amsterdam and a co-author of the study.

( What causes long COVID? The answer might be in your gut )

Participants underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test in which they were asked to exercise until they were exhausted, which then triggered a bout of post-exertional malaise.

To characterize the changes their bodies were going through, researchers drew blood and performed a muscle biopsy one week before the exercise test and one day after. The results from these tests were then compared to the results from 21 healthy patients, who were matched for age and gender.

“Normally we know from all the other chronic diseases that exercise is good for you, that exercise is medicine,” Wüst says. “However, these patients do get worse.”

Changes to the body’s energy systems

The worsening of symptoms after exercise was such a unique phenomenon that Wüst and his colleagues wanted to understand what was happening in long COVID patients.

Key changes they discovered were differences in the body’s ability to generate energy compared to healthy patients. This included lower levels of oxidative phosphorylation—a biochemical process that yields ATP, a molecule that the body uses for energy. They also observed that after exercise there was a decrease in the activity of mitochondria, cellular power stations that manufacture the ATP molecules.

“Their mitochondrial function is impaired rapidly upon exercise,” Wüst says. “This can make them go into a vicious cycle, because every time they overexert themselves, they get a crash in their mitochondrial function and their metabolism.”

The impact on the body’s ability to manufacture energy are also echoed by the results from experiments where patients with post-exertional malaise performed two exercise tests—24 hours apart —in which they were asked to exercise until exhausted.

During the exercise test on the second day, patients with post-exertional malaise showed an impaired ability to manufacture energy and reached a point of exhaustion much sooner and with far less exercise than on the first day. For people without  post-exertional malaise, they can do very similar amounts of exercise on both days before they reach exhaustion.

The point at which the body shifts from using oxygen for energy to anaerobic metabolism—a biochemical process in the cell that produces less energy and is less efficient—is when people will “hit the wall” in terms of what they can do, as there is only a very small amount of energy left for the body to use.

For trained athletes, hitting the “wall” can come at the end of a marathon. For people with post-exertional malaise, hitting the “wall” can happen doing everyday activities, such as going for a walk around the block, taking a shower, or doing housework.

Your anaerobic threshold determines how much activity you can do before crashing from exhaustion, says Todd Davenport , a researcher at the University of the Pacific, whose research focuses on post-exertional malaise. You don’t function above your anaerobic threshold for very long or very well, he adds.

( For some long COVID patients, exercise is bad medicine )

This change to how the body uses energy is unique to patients with post-exertional malaise. For patients with other conditions that make it hard to exercise—such as heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or cystic fibrosis—exercise is still beneficial and there is no over-exertion-induced change in how their body makes energy.

Changes to muscle fiber composition

Another key difference that Wüst and his collaborators found were changes to the muscle composition of long COVID patients. These individuals had a higher proportion of fast-twitch muscle fibers compared to healthy patients.

Fast-twitch muscle fibers are used for quick, explosive movements, such as lifting heavy objects or sprinting, while slow-twitch muscle fibers are used for slower, steadier activity, such as walking or endurance running.

“We know that it is difficult to change fiber types in people, and that it doesn’t happen with inactivity,” Wüst says. “Something else is changing the fiber types.”

Although they don’t know what is driving this change, it may help explain some of the fatigue that patients are experiencing. “[Fast-twitch muscle fibers] use energy quicker, and therefore they fatigue quicker,” Wüst says.

Changes to the body’s ability to recover

In addition to the changes in the body’s ability to use energy, and the composition of muscle fibers, Wüst and his collaborators also found evidence of muscle damage.

In a healthy person, “muscles get torn down and built up, that’s how you get better after you exercise,” says Maureen Hanson , a molecular biologist at Cornell University, whose research focuses on understanding post-exertional malaise in long COVID and ME/CFS patients. “The healthy person has a response to the exercise, and that response is different than the response of the ME/CFS patient.”

In a number of studies carried out by Hanson and her collaborators, long COVID and ME/CFS patients show an impaired ability to recover from exercise . In a healthy person, the muscle damage caused by exercise will start getting repaired, causing them to get stronger in the process. In a person with post-exertional malaise, this repair process doesn’t work properly, leading to accumulated damage.

Evidence of this impaired exercise recovery was also seen in muscle tissue of long COVID patients in the Nature Communications study—signs of muscle scarring, inflammation, and blood clots, both before and after the exercise. “We saw a lot of muscle damage, and signs that there has been damage in the past,” Wüst says.

This damage is thought to be the result of multiple bouts of post-exertional malaise, which is then compounded by an impaired ability to recover.

“Often when we see people, they are in a slow rolling crash, it’s these constant waves of post-exertional malaise,” says Davenport, noting that for many patients with long COVID or ME/CFS, overexertion can happen while carrying out their daily activities, whether it’s going to the grocery store or brushing their teeth.

For patients with post-exertional malaise, this study affirms the importance of staying within their energy limits to minimize crashes, a strategy that is commonly referred to as pacing. “You want to minimize the severity and duration of post-exertional malaise,” Bateman says.

Read This Next

For some long covid patients, exercise is bad medicine, now we know how covid attacks your heart, covid-19 can ruin your sleep in many different ways—here's why, multiple covid infections can lead to chronic health issues.

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IMAGES

  1. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10 (Easy to Follow Guide)

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  2. Change Drive Letter In Windows 10, 8, 8.1, 7

    how to change letters of drive

  3. How To Change The Drive Letter

    how to change letters of drive

  4. How to Change Drive Letters in Windows 10 / 8 / 7

    how to change letters of drive

  5. How to change drive letter in Windows 10,8,7 PC or Laptop

    how to change letters of drive

  6. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10 (Easy to Follow Guide)

    how to change letters of drive

VIDEO

  1. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 11

  2. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 11/10

  3. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10

  4. alphabet lore

  5. Make A Change Letters

  6. How To Change My PC Drive Letter And Paths D,E,F,G,H

COMMENTS

  1. Change a drive letter

    In Disk Management, select and hold (or right-click) the volume on which you want to change or add a drive letter and select Change Drive Letter and Paths. Tip If you don't see the Change Drive Letter and Paths option or it's grayed out, the volume either isn't ready to receive a drive letter or it's unallocated and needs to be initialized.

  2. How to Change a Drive Letter on Windows 10 or Windows 11

    You could also hit Windows+X or right-click the Start button, and then click "Disk Management." Identify the drive you'd like to change in the Disk Management Window. In this example, we'll change the letter of the D:\ drive to J:\.

  3. How to Change a Drive Letter

    How to Change a Drive Letter Don't like the letters assigned to your drives in Windows? Change them! By Tim Fisher Updated on November 30, 2021 Reviewed by Jerrick Leger What to Know Open Disk Management. Locate the drive you want to change. Right-click and choose Change Drive Letter and Paths > Change.

  4. Change and Assign Drive Letter in Windows 10

    1 Press the Win + R keys to open Run, type diskmgmt.msc into Run, and click/tap on OK to open Disk Management. 2 Right click or press and hold on the drive (ex: "F") you want to add or change the drive letter, and click/tap on Change Drive Letter and Paths. (see screenshot below) 3 Click/tap on the Change button. (see screenshot below)

  5. How to change a drive's letter in Windows

    If you're using Windows 11, a straightforward way to change the drive letter of a partition or removable drive is offered by the Settings app. Open Settings ( Win + I) and select System in the left sidebar. Then, on the right side of the window, click or tap on Storage. Scroll down to locate the Storage management section.

  6. 6 Ways to Change the Drive Letter in Windows

    1. Change the Drive Letter Using Settings 2. Using Command Prompt 3. Disk Management 4. Registry Editor 5. Windows PowerShell 6. Drive Letter Changer Software Frequently Asked Questions Also read: How to Clean Up and Make Space on Your Windows "C" Drive Is It Safe to Change a Drive Letter in Windows?

  7. 5 Ways To Change Drive Letter In Windows 11, 10

    Windows 10, Windows 11 5 Ways To Change Drive Letter In Windows 11, 10 Subhan Zafar | May 15, 2023 Windows is programmed to assign drive letters automatically when a new partition is created. If you do not like the drive letter assigned to a partition, or for any other reason, you can change it.

  8. How to Change a Drive Letter on Windows 11 & 10

    To change a drive letter on Windows 11 or Windows 10 using Disk Management: Click the Start button or press the Windows key and type disk management. Select Create and format hard disk partitions ...

  9. How to Change a Drive Letter in Windows 10

    This is the most straightforward way to apply changes to your drive letters in Windows 10. Right-click on the Windows Start button and choose the Disk Management option from the menu. Right-click ...

  10. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10 & 11

    All you have to do is go to the drive options and choose the new drive letter. Here is how to do it: Press " Win + R " to open Run. Type " diskmgmt.msc " and click " Ok .". Find the drive you want to modify. Right-click on the drive. Choose the " Change drive letter and paths " option. Click the " Change " button.

  11. How to change drive letter using Settings on Windows 10

    Share Submit Flip On Windows 10, each drive you connect to the computer gets assigned a letter automatically to identify the device and make it accessible. However, sometimes, you may need to change the drive letter manually for many reasons.

  12. How To Change A Drive Letter On Windows 10 Or 11

    Press Win + R, type cmd, and press CTRL + Shift + Enter. Type diskpart and press Enter. Type list vol and press Enter. Note the volume number (#) of the drive whose letter you're trying to change. Type sel vol 5, replace 5 with the appropriate volume number from Step 3, and press Enter.

  13. How to assign permanent letters to drives on Windows 10

    Type the following command to select the volume (drive) to assign a new letter and press Enter: select volume 3 In the command, make sure to change "3" to the number that represents the...

  14. How to change drive letter on Windows 11

    Open Start. Search for Create and format disk partitions and click the top result to open the Disk Management tool. Right-click the volume and select the "Change Drive Letter and Paths" option. Click the Change button. Select the "Assign the following drive letter" option. Choose a different letter for the drive.

  15. How To Change the Drive Letter in Windows 10

    Right-click the Start button in the lower-left corner of your Desktop screen or press Win + X to open the Power User menu. Select Disk Management from the menu provided. To open from the Command Prompt, press Win + R to pull up the Run function. Type in cmd and hit Enter to bring up the Command Prompt console.

  16. How to Change Drive Letter on Windows 11(4 Ways)

    Step 1. Press the Windows key + I to open the Settings app and go to System > Storage. Step 2. In the Storage management section, click Advanced storage settings. Step 3. Click on Disks & volumes. Step 4. Choose the drive with the letter you want to change. Step 5. Select the volume and click the Properties button.

  17. How to Change Drive Letter/Name on Windows 11? Here Are 4 Methods

    Method 1: Change Drive Letter Windows 11 Using Settings If you have upgraded to Windows 11, you might have noticed that Windows 11 is designed with a new outlook as well as many new features, but the basic user interface is similar to Windows 10.

  18. How to change drive letters in Windows 10

    A. Changing a drive letter in Windows 10 is relatively easy, as follows. Right - click the Windows 10 Menu button and select Disk Management to display a list of all available hard drives. Right - click the specific hard drive letter you want to change, and select Change Drive Letter and Paths. Click the Add button, select a new drive letter ...

  19. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10

    How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10 30,716 views 378 In this video I am going to show How to assign permanent letters to drives on Windows 10 . I will also show Change or Modify the...

  20. Three Easy Ways to Change USB Drive Letter in Windows 11, 10, 8 or 7

    Step 1. Press Windows + R in Windows 11/10/8/7, input " diskmgmt.msc " and hit Enter key to open Disk Management. Step 2. Right-click the USB partition that you want to change the drive letter and choose Change Drive Letter and Paths.... Step 3. In the pop-up window, click Change… .

  21. How to Change Drive Letter in Windows 10?

    Disk Management Tool. Step 2: Select the drive you want to change the letter. Right-click on it and select the "Change Drive Letter and Paths" option. You can also select the "Explore" choice to confirm if it's the right disk. Change Drive Letter. Step 3: Select the "Change" option and proceed to change the drive letter.

  22. How to change the drive letter of a USB drive in Windows 10

    This tutorial video will show you step by step how to change the drive letter of a USB drive in Windows 10. https://www.easytechguides.com/drive-letter/You c...

  23. "The folder path contains invalid character" error

    Find your CD / DVD drive, right-click it and choose Change Drive Letter and Paths.... Select the drive and click Remove. Make sure to remember the DVD drive letter, you'll need it later. If you have multiple CD / DVD drives, repeat Steps 3 and 4 for all of them. Restart your computer. When your computer restarts, go to Computer Management ...

  24. Clustered License Servers

    Change product communication settings so that they use the name of the client access point as the License Server name. For information about editing product-side communication settings, see the product's documentation. ... On the Install Location page, set the drive letter to correspond with the cluster shared drive. By default, the licensing ...

  25. CDC hasn't changed Covid guidelines yet: Here's what you need to know

    Public health is "more than controlling one virus," one expert said, as federal health officials consider their next steps in the pandemic.

  26. Long COVID can destroy your ability to exercise. Now we know why

    This change to how the body uses energy is unique to patients with post-exertional malaise. For patients with other conditions that make it hard to exercise—such as heart failure, chronic ...

  27. Letter: Salem is at forefront of climate change

    To the editor: Thanks to Dustin Luca for his reporting and photos of the Salem town discussion on responses to ocean flooding from the January storm ("'A really scary storm'"