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Poultry Farm Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

poultry farm business plan

Poultry Farm Business Plan

Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their poultry farms. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a poultry farm business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.

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What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan provides a snapshot of your poultry farm as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.

Why You Need a Business Plan

If you’re looking to start a poultry farm, or grow your existing poultry farm, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your poultry farm in order to improve your chances of success. Your poultry farming business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.

Sources of Funding for Poultry Farms

With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a poultry farm are personal savings, credit cards, USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) loans, bank loans, and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable, but they will also want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business. Personal savings and USDA FSA loans are the most common funding paths for poultry farm.

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How to write a business plan for a chicken farm.

If you want to start a poultry farm or expand your current one, you need a business plan. We detail each section of a traditional business plan for a poultry farming business.

Executive Summary

Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of poultry farm you are operating and its status. For example, are you a startup, do you have a poultry farm business that you would like to grow, or are you operating poultry farm businesses in multiple locations?

Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the poultry farm industry. Discuss the type of poultry farm you are operating. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.  

Company Analysis

In your company analysis, you will detail the type of poultry farm you are operating.

For example, you might operate one of the following types of poultry farms:

  • Breeder Farms : this type of poultry farm produces hatching eggs for delivery to the hatchery. After the 21 day incubation period, the hatchery then delivers the baby chicks to the broiler houses.
  • Broiler Farms: this type of farm produces a 2.5 lb. to 8 lb. bird in 4 to 8 weeks which is processed for various types of retail sale to consumers, grocery stores or fast food chains as whole birds, cut-up breast, wings, thigh, drumsticks, deboned breast meat, or further processed pieces.
  • Pullet Farms: this type of poultry farm produces pullets and roosters to be delivered to a breeder hen house at 20-22 weeks old when they are sexually mature to breed and lay eggs.

In addition to explaining the type of poultry farming business you will operate, the Company Analysis section of your business plan needs to provide background on the business.

Include answers to question such as:

  • When and why did you start the business?
  • What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include the number of chickens and/or turkeys produced, number of production contracts, etc.
  • Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.

Industry Analysis

In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the poultry farm industry.

While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.

First, researching the poultry farm industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.

Secondly, market research can improve your strategy, particularly if your research identifies market trends.

The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.

The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your poultry farming business plan:

  • How big is the poultry farm industry (in dollars)?
  • Is the market declining or increasing?
  • Who are the key competitors in the market?
  • Who are the key suppliers in the market?
  • What trends are affecting the industry?
  • What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
  • What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your poultry farm business? You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your target market.

Customer Analysis

The customer analysis section of your poultry farming business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.

The following are examples of customer segments: processors, grocery stores, and restaurants.

As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of poultry farm business you operate. Clearly, processors would respond to different marketing promotions than restaurants, for example.

Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, include a discussion of the ages, genders, locations and income levels of the customers you seek to serve. Because most poultry farm businesses primarily serve customers living in their same region, such demographic information is easy to find on government websites.

Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.

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Competitive Analysis

Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.

Direct competitors are other poultry farm businesses.

Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t direct competitors. This includes producers of other meat such as beef, pork, or fish, as well as producers of meat alternatives. You need to mention such competition as well.

With regards to direct competition, you want to describe the other poultry farms with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be poultry farms located very close to your location.

For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:

  • What types of customers do they serve?
  • What kinds of poultry do they produce (breeders, broilers, pullets)?
  • What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
  • What are they good at?
  • What are their weaknesses?

With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.

The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:

  • Will you use superior production methods?
  • Will you provide services that your competitors don’t offer?
  • Will you provide better customer service?
  • Will you offer better pricing?

Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.  

Marketing Plan

Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a poultry farm business plan, your marketing plan should include the following:

Product : In the product section, you should reiterate the type of poultry farm company that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific products you will be offering. For example, in addition to traditional poultry, will you provide organic or cage-free poultry?

Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the products and services you offer and their prices.

Place : Place refers to the location of your poultry farm company. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your poultry farm located near a processing facility, near a transportation hub, etc. Discuss how your location might be the ideal location for your customers.

Promotions : The final part of your poultry farm marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:

  • Advertising in trade papers and magazines
  • Reaching out to local agriculture extension offices
  • Social media marketing
  • Local radio advertising

Operations Plan

While the earlier sections of your business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.

Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your poultry farm, including animal care / feeding, flock supervision, animal transportation, sourcing feed, etc.

Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to sign your 20th production contract, or when you hope to reach $X in revenue. It could also be when you expect to expand your poultry farm to a new location.  

Management Team

To demonstrate your poultry farm’s ability to succeed, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.

Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in managing poultry farms. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.

If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in managing farms or successfully running small businesses.  

Financial Plan

Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.

Income Statement

An income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.

In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you supply 50 restaurants, or produce 2,000 birds for processing each month? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.

Balance Sheets

Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $50,000 on building out your poultry farming business, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $50,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.

Cash Flow Statement

Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt.

In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a poultry farm business:

  • Location build-out including design fees, construction, etc.
  • Cost of equipment and supplies
  • Payroll or salaries paid to staff
  • Business insurance
  • Taxes and permits
  • Legal expenses

Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your farm title or lease, or blueprints of the production facility.  

Putting together a business plan for your poultry farm is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will really understand the poultry farm industry, your competition, and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful poultry farming business.  

Poultry Farm Business Plan FAQs

What is the easiest way to complete my poultry farm business plan.

Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your Poultry Farm Business Plan.

What is the Goal of a Business Plan's Executive Summary?

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of poultry farm business you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a poultry farm business that you would like to grow, or are you operating a chain of poultry farm businesses?

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Since 1999, Growthink has developed business plans for thousands of companies who have gone on to achieve tremendous success.   Click here to see how Growthink’s professional business plan consulting services can create your business plan for you.

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Poultry Farm Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

Poultry Farm Business Plan

You’ve come to the right place to create your Poultry Farm business plan.

We have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans and many have used them to start or grow their Poultry Farms.

Below is a template to help you create each section of your Poultry Farming business plan.

Executive Summary

Business overview.

Smith Poultry Farm is a new farm business located in Mason City, Iowa. The business is a newly established farm founded by John and Sue Smith. As native Iowans, the couple has spent their life in the farming industry as their families have established farms throughout Iowa. Currently, there is a poultry shortage throughout the midwestern United States as some farms have been forced to shut down their business due to rising costs, labor shortage, and higher technology standards. John and Sue have decided to take this opportunity to alleviate the poultry shortage as well as finally establish the farm they have been planning to do for the past six years.

As native Iowans, John and Sue have already recruited a team of farmhands that have extensive experience working in poultry farms. Most of them have been recently laid off from other poultry farms that have shut down their operations.

John and Sue plan on starting with 5,000 chickens, 500 turkeys, and 100 ducks on 10 acres of land. Their business operations will be centered around daily processes and procedures to tend to the chickens and prepare them for packaging for resale and distribution.

Product Offering

The following are the products that Smith Poultry Farm will provide:

  • Chicken for consumption
  • Turkey for consumption
  • Ducks for consumption

Customer Focus

Smith Poultry Farm will target all residents residing in northern Iowa and throughout the state. They will target families, individuals, supermarkets, large retail chains, and restaurants.

Management Team

Smith Poultry Farm will be owned and operated by John and Sue Smith. They will recruit a very experienced and knowledgeable operator to manage the day-to-day operations of the poultry farm.

John Smith was born and raised on a local farm and has been working in farms most of his life. He left to pursue his agriculture degree from Iowa State and returned to work full-time at his father’s large farm. That farm produces beef, poultry, pork, and vegetables. Once he married Sue, the couple decided that they would begin to save up to pursue a farm of their own.

Sue Smith was raised on a farm as well. Once she graduated from high school, she attended Iowa State to pursue a degree in Business Administration. It was there where she met John and planned for their future farm where he would manage the farm operations and she would be in charge of the financial management and administration of the poultry farm operations.

Success Factors

Smith Poultry Farm will be able to achieve success by offering the following competitive advantages:

  • Ownership has extensive experience and knowledge in the poultry farming industry.
  • Owners will invest in the latest technology and equipment to make their poultry farm the most superior in the Midwest.
  • Smith Poultry Farm will breed high quality chickens, turkeys, and ducks in order to produce the freshest and quality poultry.

Financial Highlights

Smith Poultry Farm is seeking $500,000 in debt financing to launch its property management business. The funding will be dedicated towards securing the farm land and purchasing the necessary equipment and supplies. Funding will also be dedicated towards three months of overhead costs to include payroll of the staff, mortgage, and marketing costs for the poultry farm. The breakout of the funding is below:

  • Purchase 10 acres of farmland: $100,000
  • Farm equipment, supplies, and materials: $100,000
  • Three months of overhead expenses (payroll, rent, utilities): $150,000
  • Marketing costs: $50,000
  • Working capital: $100,000

The following graph below outlines the pro forma financial projections for Smith Poultry Farm.

Company Overview

Who is Smith Poultry Farm?

Smith Poultry Farm is a new poultry farm business located in Mason City, Iowa. The business is a newly established poultry farm founded by John and Sue Smith. As native Iowans, the couple has spent their life in the farming industry as their families have established farms throughout Iowa. Currently, there is a poultry shortage throughout the midwestern United States as some farms have been forced to shut down their business due to rising costs, labor shortage, and higher technology standards. Growing up in the farming industry, John and Sue have decided to take this opportunity to alleviate the poultry shortage as well as finally establish the farm they have been planning to do for the past six years. The couple plans to raise chickens, turkeys, and ducks to produce poultry for food consumption as well as eggs. Once the business is established, the couple will add more birds to the farm and purchase additional land.

As native Iowans, John and Sue have already recruited a team of farmhands that have extensive experience working in poultry farms. Most of them have been recently laid off from other poultry farms that have shut down their operations. John and Sue have already identified the lead farmhand who will assist John in the day to day farm operations oversight.

Smith Poultry Farm History Smith Poultry Farm is owned and operated by John and Sue Smith, Iowa natives who have extensive experience in farm operations and business administration. John has worked for his father’s large farm for most of his life and wants to finally pursue his own poultry farm since a number of poultry farms have ceased operations due to increased labor and distribution costs. John has already pursued a number of local grocery stores, large retail stores, and restaurants to have contracts to be their sole poultry distributor.

Since incorporation, Smith Poultry Farm has achieved the following milestones:

  • Registered Smith Poultry Farm, LLC to transact business in the state of Iowa.
  • Has 6 contracts in place to provide poultry for local restaurants, grocery stores, and large retail chains.
  • Reached out to numerous individuals and households to purchase their household’s poultry directly from Smith Poultry Farm.
  • Began recruiting a staff of farmhands to assist in the day to day operations of the poultry farm.

Smith Poultry Farm Products

The following will be the products Smith Poultry Farm will provide:

Industry Analysis

Customer analysis, demographic profile of target market.

Smith Poultry Farm will target all residents of  Mason City and the surrounding states. The target market will consist of households, grocery stores, restaurants, and large retail chains.

The precise demographics for Mason City, Iowa are:

  • 503,642 residents
  • 310,000 households
  • 1,000 restaurants
  • 500 grocery stores
  • 6 large retail grocery stores

Customer Segmentation

Smith Poultry Farm will primarily target the following customer profiles:

  • Individuals and households
  • Grocery Stores
  • Restaurants
  • Large Grocery Chains

Competitive Analysis

Direct and indirect competitors.

Smith Poultry Farm will face competition from other companies with similar business profiles. A description of each competitor company is below.

Myson Poultry Farm

Myson Poultry Farm is a modern, multi-national, protein-focused food company that produces approximately 20% of the beef, pork, and chicken in the United States. Along with its subsidiaries, the company operates a food company worldwide. The company began during the Great Depression when the eldest Myson began selling chickens. A few decades later, Myson’s son grew it into the large company it is today and is one of the largest poultry producers and distributors in the world.

By investing in technology, Myson was able to grow the brand. Through the development of better feeds and better disease control methods, chickens were maturing more quickly. These improvements, combined with increased competition, meant lower prices for consumers and households were able to purchase their poultry products in larger quantities.

Iowa Poultry Farm

Iowa Poultry Farms started in the 1920s when Liam Nelson sold and traded eggs by the dozen as a means to put food on the table for his family. Four generations later, the Nelson family has grown the business year-over-year to continue to meet the changing needs of the egg and pullet industry. More than 90 years of experience has established Iowa Poultry Farm as a well-respected pullet and hatching business as well as a reliant commercial egg producer under the current leadership.

The strength of Iowa Poultry Farm began when master plans for growth from the late 1980s to present day have produced new and improved pullet production facilities that have the capacity to accommodate the growth of the majority of the pullets in NPF’s proprietary facilities. Recent capital development has been invested in hatchery and breeder facilities that have the capacity to produce up to 9 million female chicks per year as well as supplementary aviary growing facilities for both cage-free and floor-grown conventional pullets.

Iowa Poultry Farm continues to innovate as a pullet and hatching business under the leadership of Frank and his son, Brett.

Good Cluck Poultry Farm

Good Cluck Poultry Farm maintains more than 50,000 breeders on its company owned farms. The company currently hatches and sells 79 standard chicken breeds/varieties, 58 breeds/varieties of bantams, 9 breeds of ducks, 3 breeds of geese, and 4 breeds/varieties of guineas. In addition, Good Cluck has available, as a service to its customers, 9 heritage breeds of turkeys, pheasants, and chukar.

Good Cluck certainly has good luck. While many hatcheries have been forced to close, Good Cluck Poultry Farm has become a leader in producing non-commercial poultry annually, selling more than six million items of baby poultry.

Good Cluck’s full list of products are white egg layers, brown egg layers, colored egg layers, standard assortments, broilers, crested chickens, feather legged bantams, bantam assortments, clean leg bantams, ducks, geese, guineas, turkeys, pheasants, chukar, and supplies.

Competitive Advantage

Smith Poultry Farm will be able to offer the following advantages over their competition:

  • Ownership has extensive experience and knowledge in the poultry farming industry and has over 20 years of experience managing poultry farm operations
  • Smith Poultry Farm will breed high quality chickens, ducks, and turkeys in order to produce the freshest and quality poultry.

Marketing Plan

Brand & value proposition.

Smith Poultry Farm will offer the unique value proposition to its clientele:

  • All farming practices will utilize the latest technology and equipment for safe breeding practices, production, and distribution of all farm animals.
  • The farm will only breed the highest quality poultry.
  • Unbeatable pricing to its clients and customers – Smith Poultry Farm does not mark up its poultry products at a large percentage. All poultry will be on par with competition.

Promotions Strategy

The promotions strategy for Smith Poultry Farm is as follows:

Word of Mouth/Referrals

John Smith has built up an extensive list of contacts over the years by living and working in the midwestern farming industry. Since a number of local poultry farms have ceased operations, they have committed to John that Smith Poultry Farm will be their poultry supplier. They trust his work ethic and commitment to the local community.

Professional Associations and Networking

Smith Poultry Farm will become a member of American Farmland Trust, Farming NGO, National Farmers Union, and the Iowa Chamber of Commerce. They will focus their networking efforts on expanding their client network and marketing their new brand.

Print Advertising

Smith Poultry Farm will invest in professionally designed print ads to display in programs or flyers at industry networking events.

Website/SEO Marketing

Smith Poultry Farm will hire a third-party marketing company to design their print ads and design their website. The website will be well organized, informative, and list all the poultry products they plan to offer. The website will also list their contact information and directions to the poultry farm. The marketing company will also include SEO tactics so that anytime someone types in the Google or Bing search engine “Iowa poultry farm” or “poultry farm near me”, Smith Poultry Farm will be listed at the top of the search results.

Zero po, hindi rin po kami mahilig malabas ng mga panood.

The pricing of Smith Poultry Farm will be moderate and on par with competitors so customers feel they receive value when purchasing their poultry products.

Operations Plan

The following will be the operations plan for Smith Poultry Farm.

Operation Functions:

  • John Smith will be the Owner and President of the company. He will oversee all staff and manage client relations. John, along with Sue, has spent the past year recruiting the following staff:
  • Sue Smith – will oversee all administrative aspects of running the poultry farm. This will include bookkeeping, tax payments, and payroll of the staff.
  • George Hargrove – Head Farmhand who will oversee the farming staff and day to day operations.
  • Ben Loya – Assistant Farmhand who will assist George.
  • Frank Johnson – Distribution Manager who will oversee the packaging and distribution of all poultry products.


Smith Poultry Farm will have the following milestones complete in the next six months.

1/1/202X – Finalize purchase of farm land

2/15/202X – Purchase farm equipment, supplies and materials

3/1/202X – Finalize contracts for grocery store, chain, and restaurant clients

4/15/202X – Begin networking at industry events

5/1/202X – Purchase initial set of poultry animals

5/15/202X – Hire and train farm staff

6/1/202X – Smith Poultry Farm begins farm operations

Smith Poultry Farm will be owned and operated by John and Sue Smith. John will manage the oversight of all farm operations with the help of his lead farmhand. Sue will manage all administrative and financial aspects of the farm business.

Financial Plan

Key revenue & costs.

The revenue drivers for Smith Poultry Farm are the revenues it will receive from poultry products, eggs, and the breeding fees they will charge to individuals who have high-quality chicken, turkeys, or ducks they want to breed.

The cost drivers will be the overhead costs required in order to staff and maintain successful farm operations. The expenses will be the payroll cost, mortgage payment, utilities, farming supplies, equipment maintenance, and marketing materials.

Funding Requirements and Use of Funds

Smith Poultry Farm is $500,000 in debt financing to launch its property management business. The funding will be dedicated towards securing the farm land and purchasing the necessary equipment and supplies. Funding will also be dedicated towards three months of overhead costs to include payroll of the staff, mortgage, and marketing costs for the poultry farm. The breakout of the funding is below:

Key Assumptions

The following outlines the key assumptions required in order to achieve the revenue and cost numbers in the financials and in order to pay off the startup business loan.

  • Number of Poultry Animals: 5,600
  • Average Revenue per Animal: $20
  • Number of Poultry Products Sold Per Year: 1,000,000

Financial Projections

Income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement, poultry farm business plan faqs, what is a poultry farm business plan.

A poultry farm business plan is a plan to start and/or grow your poultry farm business. Among other things, it outlines your business concept, identifies your target customers, presents your marketing plan and details your financial projections.

You can easily complete your poultry farm business plan using our Poultry Farm Business Plan Template here .

What are the Main Types of Poultry Farms?

There are a number of different kinds of poultry farms , some examples include: Breeder Farms, Broiler Farms, and Pullet Farms.

How Do You Get Funding for Your Poultry Business Plan?

Poultry farms are often funded through small business loans. Personal savings, credit card financing and angel investors are also popular forms of funding.  Having a chicken farming business plan will help show investors you are well-prepared to start your own business.

What are the Steps To Start a Poultry Farm Business?

Starting a poultry farm business can be an exciting endeavor. Having a clear roadmap of the steps to start a business will help you stay focused on your goals and get started faster.

1. Develop A Poultry Farm Business Plan - The first step in starting a business is to create a detailed poultry business plan that outlines all aspects of the venture. This should include potential market size and target customers, the services or products you will offer, pricing strategies and a detailed financial forecast.  

2. Choose Your Legal Structure - It's important to select an appropriate legal entity for your poultry farm business. This could be a limited liability company (LLC), corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. Each type has its own benefits and drawbacks so it’s important to do research and choose wisely so that your poultry farm business is in compliance with local laws.

3. Register Your Poultry Farm Business - Once you have chosen a legal structure, the next step is to register your poultry farm business with the government or state where you’re operating from. This includes obtaining licenses and permits as required by federal, state, and local laws. 

4. Identify Financing Options - It’s likely that you’ll need some capital to start your poultry farm business, so take some time to identify what financing options are available such as bank loans, investor funding, grants, or crowdfunding platforms. 

5. Choose a Location - Whether you plan on operating out of a physical location or not, you should always have an idea of where you’ll be based should it become necessary in the future as well as what kind of space would be suitable for your operations. 

6. Hire Employees - There are several ways to find qualified employees including job boards like LinkedIn or Indeed as well as hiring agencies if needed – depending on what type of employees you need it might also be more effective to reach out directly through networking events. 

7. Acquire Necessary Poultry Farm Equipment & Supplies - In order to start your poultry farm business, you'll need to purchase all of the necessary equipment and supplies to run a successful operation. 

8. Market & Promote Your Business - Once you have all the necessary pieces in place, it’s time to start promoting and marketing your poultry farm business. This includes creating a website, utilizing social media platforms like Facebook or Twitter, and having an effective Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategy. You should also consider traditional marketing techniques such as radio or print advertising. 

Learn more about how to start a successful poultry farm business:

  • How to Start a Farm Business

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Farm Business Plan

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Poultry Business Blueprint: How to Plan, Launch, and Grow a Profitable Poultry Farm

Last updated on November 15, 2021 by Temi Cole Leave a Comment

Poultry Farming Business Modelling for Project Report

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( And business does come down to action at the last .)

The Ultimate Poultry Farming Business Planning Template

My first step was to construct what I consider to be the most complete poultry farming business plan template possible.

The kind of thing that covers both bases of:

  • helping to provide clarity to your thoughts for rolling out a successful poultry business launch
  • communicating an attractive proposal to potential stakeholders and investors

Pouring in over 50,000+ hours of strategic business consulting experience which spans:

  • global best practice insights and technology
  • corporate currency exchange
  • project management
  • financial advisor and stockbroker
  • freelance business management advisor

…I decided upon the following outline template:

Executive Summary

What is the business?

Why is it needed?

How will it deliver?

What are the financial rewards of investment?

Industry Analysis

Industry snapshot

SWOT & PESTLE (situational) analysis

Competitive forces

Vision & Mission Statement

Key function

Aspect of life

Product type

Scope and audience

Principles & promise

Feel good and standards

Poultry farm slogan

Competitive Analysis

Products and services

Marketing and sales

Key strengths

Marketing Strategy

Physical evidence

Leadership team

Professional profile

Financial Plan

Profit and loss

Balance sheet

Labour budget

Key performance indicators (KPIs)

It’s 38-parts that together spell out every critical element of poultry business success.

You simply won’t find a more comprehensive effort to fully load a poultry farming business plan with ALL ESSENTIAL INGREDIENTS.

Want a breakdown of what each part really contains?

That’s EXACTLY what’s up next…

Step #2: Download The Poultry Farm Business Plan Analysis Playbook

As shared above, I’ve taken the time to draft what I am absolutely certain is THE market leading poultry farming business plan template – FULL STOP.

It’s got it all.

But what about the detail? And how should it be used?

Business planning analysis: the KEY to using my business plan template – like a PRO

Like so many business planning template solutions out there like bPlans, for example, they do a good job of setting a solid format, BUT…

…where they FALL SHORT is in giving you some real-life examples of how to APPLY the template .

In other words,

Most business planning tools out there don’t give you examples of how real poultry businesses measure up with the tool.

And because of this, those other planning tools leave you GUESSING what to do with it.

So you end up using it as a first-time pupil uses an exercise book:

Unskillfully and regrettably (“…don’t want to go back there again if I can help it…”).

When actually, what you NEED is a dynamic, “can’t put it down”, interactive ACTION plan – with bite.

…this is the reason I wrote this series of poultry farming business planning analyses.

Here’s what my business plan analysis will do for you…

To take all the guesswork and wandering out of planning your poultry business.

And to show you EXACTLY HOW a real-life poultry start-up success story marries up with my winning business planning formula…

…giving expert insight into how BEST to use the template to plan your own success.

The result?

(Way much better than just templates or homework…)

sample business plan for poultry farm

Step-by-step,   proven insights of what REALLY works and why in every step of writing your own poultry business plan.

= 1st rate consultancy & on-the-shoulder advice – at your own pace ( & at only a fraction of the price ).

You can access The Poultry Farming Business Plan Analysis Playbook here (Downloadable PDF version is available to paid subscribers )

So, why is an eBook the IDEAL partner to helping your write your poultry farming business plan?

(I’m glad you asked!)

Poultry Plan It: the blueprint to winning investment for your poultry business

Rather than present you with empty template boxes to fill out (which – let’s face it – offers zero value, both to you and potential investors)…


My eBook called, Poultry Plan It – shows you EXACTLY how to:

  • skillfully deliver and
  • expertly pitch

…your poultry business plan to achieve 1 thing:

To Win Investment .

(Simple. My eBook “Poultry Plan It” shows you how to get investors to take your poultry business seriously .)

Snapshot of a PDF with Executive Summary Templates

Read The Poultry Business - Like Never Before!

Chicken Snippets Newsletter - deep poultry analysis to sharpen your acumen, by email.

Does this eBook sound like what you need?

Try the first chapter called “ Poultry Plan It: Executive Summary ” right here .

Want to unlock the whole eBook as PDF download?

Become a paid subscriber and get “ Poultry Plan It ” by instant PDF download .

Have you ever wanted to see:

…how the financial PROs estimate future poultry investment returns?

…which poultry production models generate the most profit?

(I mean REALLY SEE?)

Then the Poultry Project Reporter 2.0: Insider’s Guide was written just for you.

Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 – Insider’s Guide: the ‘grain-by-grain’ financial analysis EVERY poultry business plan needs

I wrote the Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 – Insider’s Guide for two pressing reasons:

  • …to plug in the gap of a general lack of ‘detailed, long hand’ financial poultry business calculations available online to help with planning profits.
  • …a ‘case study based’ user guide for license holders of my proprietary software ‘Poultry Project Reporter’ – to find out ALL the inside hints and tips for producing rock solid financial projections.

Here’s a quick snippet of the level of breakdown I provide:

sample business plan for poultry farm

…literally, grain-by-grain, high precision detail.

BUT at the same time super simple to follow.

(With lots of visual content to really help you ‘get the picture’.)

Want to hear it from a reader?

sample business plan for poultry farm

This feedback email was sent by a start-up poultry farmer.

He emailed me within minutes of receiving a mailshot of a FREE chapter from the Insider’s Guide.

So what’s actually ‘ inside ‘ the Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 – Insider’s Guide?

A great question.

sample business plan for poultry farm

Here’s what you get:

Totally comprehensive and also a great handbook to accompany my proprietary software Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 .

Want to grab a copy of the PPR 2.0: Insider’s Guide?

Become a paid subscriber today and instantly get the inside track on financial planning for your poultry farm business.

Have a read of this:

sample business plan for poultry farm

…and there are many more requests like this in my inbox.

It seems when it comes to business planning help, poultry farmers and professionals alike are interested in scanning sample data too.

( Not just templates )

Sample papers: a GREAT way for self-assessing if your business plan is up to scratch

If you ask me, examples are without doubt the BEST way to learn.

Whenever I’m looking to work out a business model I always look for working models that already exist.

Never contrived or manufactured formulas.

As an adult, I don’t like to be spoon-fed. I learn best when I’m left a little room to figure things out myself.

Let’s take it back to class…

…why are past exam papers and examiner notes such a popular revision method?


(i.e. finding out for yourself how you measure up against standard.)

My preferred method of advanced learning.

And I don’t think I am alone in this.

This is exactly why I put together these sample poultry farming data plans – both layer and broiler models.

I left out any country bias, so these are a universal fit to any and every economy.

What do the samples contain?

There are 2 typical planning problems that these plans are designed to solve:

  • Input and output VARIABLES,
  • related to the SCALE and MODEL of your farm.

sample business plan for poultry farm

Master The Poultry Business - Like a Pro!

Poultry Courses Online - most actionable and interactive online poultry course.

In other words, these samples are shortcuts or crib notes for literally telling you if your planning progress is:

  • en-route for success, or;
  • taking a wrong turn .

I’ve arranged the samples according to the following attributes :

Broiler farming rearing models

  • All-In-All-Out

Layer farming rearing models

Input/Output variable

  • Feed consumption
  • Production (meat or eggs)
  • Broiler by product

These lists above are like ingredients to prescribed recipes.

Or, elements of an equation for solving a problem.

Mix them together in the right order and you answer critical questions within your poultry farm business plan.

Want an example?

The sample plans above will answer questions like,

“How much manure will a 2,000 bird broiler farm produce annually over 6 years, using the 4+1 rearing method?” Or, “How many eggs will a 5,000 layer farm produce annually over 6 years, using the 1+2 rearing method?”

Simply pull the relevant data set and immediately land your finger on the answer.

A convenient ‘plug-in’ to EVERY poultry farming business plan

Would you like a free sample?

Click on this link for a free egg production dataset for a 500-bird layer farm using 1+3 rearing system .

Now, are you ready for EVERYTHING?

Become a paid subscriber to gain instant access to ALL current sample plans PLUS future updates.

Another short falling of traditional business planning templates is that they are  start-up focused .

It makes the value gained from them short-lived.

Think of it this way…

When you’ve finally launched your business, that’s just the beginning and not the end.

At the very least, you should have another 6 years on top of actually running your business.

If your templates are ONLY valid for start-up,

Then what do you use to keep your ongoing plans in order ?

Crush investment risk with my business management templates

Arguably, running the business is a far more risky phase of investment – most of all because now you have made a material commitment.

Therefore, you carry the potential of loss.

And business management also just happens to be the most challenging discipline to hold.

Because you’ve got SO MUCH going on all at the same time.

And staying organised becomes more and more difficult with every day that goes by.

CHAOS costs …

  • you lose foresight, you lose track of progress and ultimately you lose money.


you gain vision, you gain awareness and ultimately make money.

Business Management Templates

These templates are designed to help you stay on top.

sample business plan for poultry farm

What’s included?

sample business plan for poultry farm

Advance Your Poultry Project - Into Maximum Profits!

Advanced Poultry Pickup - hands-on, 1-to-1 poultry business consultancy - anywhere.

Download the ‘Keep Sheet’ for future reference.

Want to start making business management plans?

Become a paid subscriber and access this suite of business management templates today.

Step #7: Download Business Records for Poultry Keepers eBook

This is a USDA eBook (United States Department of Agriculture – Farmers’ Bulletin 1614) from 1929.

(That’s right – it’s almost 100 years old!)

But testament to ‘things done well’…

…this evergreen piece of invaluable financial coaching for poultry farmers still holds true today, as when it was 1st published.

Business Records for Poultry Keepers: “Simply…DON’T attempt to write your poultry business plan without it.”

The motto of the eBook? “It literally pays for poultry farmers to keep records of current operations to guide their efforts in profitable directions.” In fact the book gives the following 6 great   reasons why you need this download : (1) “… reduce the guesswork in poultry farming by helping the farmer to determine the actual reasons for poultry profits and losses,” (2) “… show the relative efficiency of different methods of production and marketing,” (3) “…make it possible for a poultry keeper to compare his results with published information (benchmark) on many poultrymen’s problems,” (4) “… show the financial progress a poultry keeper has made in his business,” (5) “… furnish information for credit statements when funds are borrowed,” (6) “… help to prevent disputes by serving as a check on business dealings.”

What is included in this eBook?

Business Records for Poultry Keepers

sample business plan for poultry farm

  • Usefulness of poultry records
  • Receipts and expenses
  • Egg-production record
  • Labor record
  • Sales records
  • Records of eggs and poultry for household use
  • Pen records
  • Incubation and hatching records
  • Diary or notes on management
  • Making use of the records 

Want to pick up a copy?

Download the eBook here.

When I began writing The Big Book Project, I had one goal in mind:

To demystify investment proposal writing for start-up farmers.

sample business plan for poultry farm

By trawling the endless blog posts and comments in the small agribiz space online,

It became clear that MANY of us have the ambition to start up.

  • see borrowing as the only root
  • underestimate their business plan as just a means of getting a loan
  • grossly misunderstand how to model production to make a profit

…and I desperately wanted to change turn this on its head.

Only, I made up my mind that I wasn’t going to go the traditional consulting route .

  • Too expensive
  • VERY limited
  • Anti self-sufficiency ( clients grow dependant )

So, what were the alternatives to consulting?

  • Perhaps, author a book
  • Develop a proprietary software
  • Run online courses

…these were just a few.

Then after extensive research and thinking things through…

…I settled for all 3 of the above alternatives, wrapped up into one package:

A book, plus bespoke software and an online course.

Enter: The Big Book Project

The Big Book Project ( )

  • An online eBook – pushed by a blog.
  • A spin-off digital business planning tool called Poultry Project Reporter.
  • And an online poultry farming course called Advanced Poultry Pick-Up.

In 2 years only,

the blog amassed 170,094 new search engine visitors  alone

sample business plan for poultry farm

PLUS , a little over 8,000 newsletter subscribers too.

Mission accomplished.

(Well, almost – “… but what about that software? “)

Actually, one of the most popular enquiries received through my blog is for help writing poultry business proposals .

With all the best intentions in the world, there’s just not enough of me to go around the entire subscriber base giving out 1-to-1 proposal writing help.

So, I did the next best thing.

I made my advice automated (with the help of some handy digital tools) and wrote it one time only.

The result was Poultry Project Reporter and now we have just launched version 2.

What is Poultry Project Reporter 2.0?

Poultry Project Reporter 2.0: the fastest way of writing a professional poultry farming proposal

If you are looking to write a watertight poultry business proposal,

Then this Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 is a solid investment for you.

Here’s why:

sample business plan for poultry farm

Essentially, all you have to do is type in your data into the input field and then leave the publishing (complete with PDF download) – even the calculations to PPR 2.0

Are you ready to take a closer look at Poultry Project Reporter? Take a look at the dedicated Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 website

Poultry farming as a topic is MASSIVE worldwide.

It seems, when it comes to the subject matter of poultry farming, every country is both ‘ stalking it ‘ and ‘ talking it ‘ online.

sample business plan for poultry farm

These stats from my blog above tell the tale of poultry farming and its popularity. It literally reaches every country in the world .

And despite all this talk about poultry farming business plans…

…I find a large percentage of the ‘audience’ has no capital funding availability (whether saved or borrowed) . Of course, this is totally natural and a reality for the majority, AND if you ask me a great ADVANTAGE.

Take this reader of my blog:

sample business plan for poultry farm

It seems many see a lack of capital as a barrier to entry when it comes to layer or broiler farming.

“But who said anything about needing significant capital to start up a profitable poultry business ?”

One of the BIGGEST attractions to poultry farming surely is the LOW BARRIER to entry , LOW SETUP costs and yet HIGH profitability and cash flow potential.

But as with many theories, I suppose it remains ‘up in the air (talked about)’ until someone makes it tangible…material…possible.

This is the principle that encouraged me to step up to the plate in an attempt to ‘bat out of the park’ all doubt surrounding it…

…and finally, answer the question:

Can you start up a poultry farm with zero capital?

Yes, you can start a poultry farm with no available capital.

Here’s how…

Zero Debt Poultry Farming: the MOST REWARDING way to start, scale and establish a leading egg or chicken business

In my line of work as a consultant (professional problem solver) – the one discipline that keeps my craft alive is RESEARCH.

And as such, I come across all kinds of neat fixes that may not be for the time I find them,

But are bound to come in handy some time.

So, much like a handyman or craftsman, not wanting to let anything go that could be of use,

I end up keeping a stash of these in a ‘kind of’ strategic toolbox.

When enough time passes by whilst researching related topics,

I get enough of a head of steam to begin compiling an eBook.

This is my process.

And using this I wrote ‘ Zero Debt Poultry: Business Startup Plan ‘.

sample business plan for poultry farm

It’s a strategic playbook and secret formula for how (with no borrowings or savings) you:

  • turn your poultry startup idea into a market-leading farming enterprise
  • BEFORE you yield your 1st egg or carcass .

Want the PDF download?

Become a paid subscriber today and download Zero Debt Poultry Business Startup Plan .

I had to refrain from using the phrase, “Masterclasses”…a bit presumptuous for my liking.

Aren’t we always needing to ‘add on’ – even after many years of experience? Are ever really the finished article?

Whatever your answer to those questions is,

I do think what is indisputable is the benefit of someone else’s EXPERIENCE when you don’t have any…

… experience saves loss …

…loss of:

…and in the case of business startup, the benefit of experience in some critical areas can be the difference between success and failure.

And where so much is riding on you making it work,

Getting the right experience is HIGHLY valued.

Equally, identifying the most advantageous area of learning carries importance.

So, what area of learning would you say has the most impact on farming success?

According to this study , ‘ Farm Business Management Skills a Missing Link For Smallholder Farmers: A Case Of Malingunde, Malawi ‘ (European Journal of Business and Innovation Research 2016): Just one of many studies which declare a link between business management discipline and better economic output . Other quotes from the study bear reference to previous works: “Generally, management is a human responsibility and skill that drives economic activities and development ( Oghojafor et al, 2012 ).” “Smallholder farmers need to be better equipped with business management skills if they are to play a central role in improving agricultural productivity ( Mohit, 2012 ).”

So, there you have it – business management is the most influential skill set you could acquire for succeeding with your poultry startup.

But is there really a shortage of business management material on the internet?

Not according to Google,

sample business plan for poultry farm

As you can see above, it took Google 0.6 seconds to return almost 6 BILLION results for the search term ‘business management’.

That’s a FLOOD of management content.

But…I ask:

  • Is all of it good ? Or at least suitable for a startup poultry farmer?
  • Also, where do you begin ?

To save you ENDLESS wandering from page to page online,

I have neatly packaged a power-packed portfolio of business management tutorials tailor-made for EVERY startup farmer…

…called “Grow AgriBusiness Faster Classes”

Grow AgriBusiness Faster Classes: instantly download 15 years of 1st class management expertise ( & speed up your poultry profits )

The purpose of these tutorials is to make common with you some of the most valuable business management lessons learned in my 15 years of management.

They span a corporate and independent consulting career, including:

  • global best practice
  • financial investments
  • small business strategy

But the goal is simple…

…to make hard things simple for you to ‘master’ (…there, I’ve said it now…) to save you any potential material losses of getting it wrong.

These lessons should help you to get it right, 1st time.

The GREAT thing about these tutorials also is that they are all written from 1st hand experiences and lessons learned . Nothing academic – all true to life .

Here’s currently what is included :

Want to access the Grow AgriBusiness Faster Classes?

Become a paid subscriber today and fast forward your management abilities.

Are you currently working on a feasibility plan & business proposal for your future poultry farm?

Then this resource is the ideal pocketbook and project reference guide for equipping you with EVERYTHING you need to draft a winning plan.

It’s called the Poultry Project Hub…

Poultry Project Hub: a jampacked project resource library giving you 100’s of angles on planning optimal profits

This has to be the most plentiful online digital resource for assisting your poultry business proposal writing .

Here’s a quick round-up of its contents:

Poultry Farming Project Hub

In short, the Poultry Farming Project Hub contains:

“…over 20,501 words, 200+ rows of data tables, as well as 30+ screenshots/images, sample calculations, case studies and more.”

If you are looking for:

  • sample plans
  • expert poultry business consultancy
  • step-by-step calculations
  • definitions and equations for investment metrics
  • case studies
  • detailed ‘explainer’ articles on hard to understand model concepts

…then this is an unmissable opportunity for you.

Visit the library and its FREE resources now.

Want to download the entire library in PDF instead?

Become a paid subscriber and get the PDFs.

This is very simply – a little bit of light relief if you are finding the whole exercise of business planning a little…frustrating.

There are 15 questions in this quiz.

Each covering a key poultry farming discipline.

It’s multiple choice and nothing too heavy.

Ideally, you might use them to sharpen up your general strategic business awareness.

Try the poultry business quiz.

I made this as a complementary guide to be read alongside sample poultry plans.

To help you better DIRECT the planning process.

To have you asking the right questions and taking the right approaches to assemble your poultry business plan successfully.

Plus, I provide insight into:

  • production modelling options and,
  • uncover flawed assumptions.

These points above are often sticking points and wrong turns for many when building a plan.

This eBook helps you avoid the loss of time and effort getting tied up in with grey spots.

And here’s how…

Poultry Planning Toolkit eBook: avoid common planning errors by having this on your desk as you work

I’d go as far as saying that you shouldn’t begin writing your poultry farm business plan UNTIL you’ve read this.

It does the job of ironing out all the usual sticking points that trouble and prolong planning.

Issues such as:

  • modelling choices
  • how best to plan your earnings
  • how to measure profitability
  • how to do capital planning

…are opened up with ease and made plain.

Here’s the chapter line-up :

sample business plan for poultry farm

  • Broiler vs. Layer
  • Reverse Engineer your Earnings
  • Modelling for Cash Flow
  • Frameworking
  • Cost & Price Inputs
  • Gross Profits
  • Capital Planning
  • Return on Investment
  • Scenario Planning

I designed it to answer ALL the key strategic planning questions.

I’d say, the real value of this eBook is that it prevents false starts by filling in the common knowledge gaps .

A great time saver.

Take a few minutes to read a chapter for free .

Want to download the entire PDF eBook?

Become a paid subscriber today and get expert direction for writing a successful poultry business plan.

This one is quite simple.

If it’s ever cross your mind to ask,

“Hey Temi, what website software do you use?”

“What service do you use to send out those email messages?”

For example, I use WPMUDEV as my web hosting partner. They are just right for The Big Book Project currently. It’s true that there are many cheaper web hosting services out there, But the operative word here is * SERVICE* . When I fail, they pick up the pieces and always ensure The Big Book Project is constantly online. No downtime, no curveballs, no disasters…you see everything coming LONG before it hits, giving plenty of time to react successfully…PLUS, when trouble hits, they REALLY know how to rescue a WordPress website . Hands down. I have no complaints and many good things to say…if you are looking for an expert WordPress website support team – I couldn’t recommend them highly enough . Learn more about WPMUDEV here. (The link above goes to their website and of course costs you nothing. If you decide to hire them, I get a small payment back. The money side has no influence though. I personally use them and happily recommend their service.)

My other tools of the trade including:

  • graphic design tool
  • online payment gateway
  • document management tools
  • email marketing platform
  • accounting program (inc. invoicing, quotations etc).

…are all neatly listed in the crib sheet.

It’s exhaustive. And comes with 10 years of self-employment and business ownership experience.

Lots of valuable, ‘hard-to-find’ gems to give you plenty of advantage.

(*Plus there are some GREAT time and budget savers in here to help you save the pennies, without compromising on  quality.)

Want to download my Digital Tools of The Trade crib sheet?

Become a paid subscriber today and get a headstart on digital business services.

Whilst I don’t write business plans, I do review them from time to time.

From your point of view, it might be a useful pointer in the right direction.

Just the thing you need to get you out of a rut and to finally complete your plan.

A bit like this:

sample business plan for poultry farm

…always good to see REAL LIFE RESULTS gained by readers of The Big Book Project who put the advice into action .

Want me to take a look at your poultry farm business plan?

Become a paid subscriber today and book your business plan review.

Now over to you…

Are you currently writing a business plan for your poultry farm?

Have you already drafted your plan?

Either way, I’d be interested to hear from you.

Leave a comment below.

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sample business plan for poultry farm

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  • ✔️ Write a plan that actually gets investment
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How to write a business plan for a poultry farm?

poultry farm business plan

Writing a business plan for a poultry farm can be an intimidating task, but with the right pointers it doesn't have to be.

This guide is designed to provide aspiring and existing poultry farmers with the information they need to create a comprehensive and effective business plan that covers all of their bases. 

Whether you are starting up or looking to grow your current operation, this guide will walk you through the steps necessary to write a successful business plan for your poultry farm. 

We'll cover why writing a business plan is necessary, what information is needed, what should be included in your business plan, and which tools can help make the process easier. 

With this guide as your roadmap, you'll have everything you need to create an effective and comprehensive business plan for your poultry farm!

In this guide:

Why write a business plan for a poultry farm?

  • Information needed to create a business plan for a poultry farm
  • What goes into your poultry farm's financial forecast?

The written part of a poultry farm business plan

  • What tool should I use to write my poultry farm business plan?

Writing a business plan for your poultry farm is an essential exercise because of the following reasons:

  • A business plan acts as a roadmap for your business
  • A business plan is indispensable if you want to secure financing
  • A business plan helps you keep track of the progress of your poultry business

A business plan as the roadmap for your poultry business

A good business plan will clarify how your business should move forward, what steps are necessary to ensure success, and how best to use the available resources. 

It also helps identify potential risks before they become problems that might detract you from meeting your business goals.

A business plan helps you to secure financing for your poultry company

Writing a poultry farm business plan is essential if you need to raise capital to start or expand, as investors and banks will use your business plan to determine if an investment in your poultry farm can generate a good return on their investment. They want to see healthy growth, profitability and cash generation outlined in your business plan.

Financiers look at your revenue projections, costs, assets, liabilities, and cashflows to make informed decisions about investing in your business. If the figures in your business plan are not persuasive, your hope of securing financing may become a distant memory. 

Therefore, your poultry business plan must be comprehensive and convincing enough to get the attention of investors and banks.

Tracking the progress of your poultry business

A well-thought-out poultry business plan allows you to evaluate your financial performance to your initial objectives: this enables you to identify any discrepancies between your expectations and reality so that corrective measures can be taken.

For example, if the operating expenses of your poultry business go up 5% more than what is in your business plan: you could make adjustments to correct the situation. 

You may also define goals and targets for the next 3 to 5 years and use your business plan to track your progress.

Now that we've covered why it's vital, let's look at the information you need to construct a business plan for a poultry farm. 

Create your poultry farm business plan online!

Think your poultry farm could be profitable? Find out how with a business plan!

poultry farm business plan online

What information is needed to create a business plan for a poultry farm?

Carrying out market research for a poultry farm.

Carrying out market research before writing a business plan for a poultry farm is crucial to forecasting revenues and devising an effective strategy. 

Market research offers insightful information on the state of the sector, including competitor analyses, consumer preferences, and trends that could influence upcoming sales. 

You should seek to answer critical questions like:

  • How has the poultry sector fared in recent years?
  • Who is the competition? What is my competitive edge?
  • Which market segments - production, processing, and breeding - are the most lucrative?
  • What are pricing and profit margins like?
  • What have been the upcoming trends in consumer behaviour in the poultry sector?
  • How long does it take from breeding to bird sales?
  • Is the poultry sector highly seasonal? Putting into consideration festive periods.

Knowing these details will allow you to make informed decisions when creating your poultry business plan and ensure your goals are realistic and achievable.

Developing the marketing plan for a poultry farm

Before writing a poultry business plan, you must develop a comprehensive marketing plan. This will account for the budget allocated towards sales and marketing activities such as advertising, promotion, and pricing strategies.

Your marketing plan should also outline strategies you will use to sell your products/services to your target customers and any measures put in place to track progress.

The staffing and equipment needs of a poultry farm

It is critical to consider all necessary investments, such as staffing and equipment requirements, and any potential overhead costs.

For a startup entrepreneur in the poultry business sector, some of the initial costs required to bring the idea to life may include:

  • Cost of renting land
  • Construction costs
  • Cost of buying the birds
  • Vaccination
  • Hiring a veterinary doctor
  • Labour costs
  • Equipment costs

Once you have gathered the information needed to create a business plan for a poultry farm, it is time to take the next step and make a financial forecast. This will help you determine how much money you need to invest in your farm and what kind of returns can be expected from your investments. 

What is the financial forecast for a poultry farm?

The financial forecast for a poultry farm includes the Profit and Loss (P&L) statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. 

The projected P&L statement

A projected P&L statement for a poultry business plan provides an estimate of how much money the farm may make in the near future (3-5 years). 

It tells investors and banks if your business is expected to be profitable and by how much it is anticipated to grow. This information helps your financiers decide if they want to finance your poultry farm.

example of projected profit and loss statement in a poultry farm business plan

The projected balance sheet of your poultry farm

The balance sheet for a poultry business plan is an essential financial statement that helps to examine a company's present financial situation. 

It provides a snapshot of all the assets a business owns, such as cash, inventory, equipment, buildings, and property; as well as all of its liabilities like loans and accounts payable (an account that tracks credit purchases). 

This information assists lenders and investors in understanding how the poultry farm is spending its finances and evaluating your company's ability to pay its long-term debt (solvency) and short-term debt (liquidity).

projected balance sheet in a poultry farm business plan

The projected cash flow statement

A cash flow statement for a poultry business plan shows how much money comes in and goes out of the farm during the period under observation. 

A projected cash flow statement helps you plan and ensure that you have enough cash to operate the farm. In addition, Investors are interested in seeing how their cash will be used to grow your business.

poultry farm business plan: cash flow forecast

The initial financing plan

An initial financing plan helps you keep track of the money needed to start a poultry farm. It shows how much money you need and where it should come from. The initial financing plan is also called the sources and uses table. 

The table shows all the different sources of funds, like loans or investments, and how they will be used for expenses such as buying equipment. 

A trustworthy financial forecast is a necessary component of any business plan for a poultry farm, but it is not the only piece of information needed. 

poultry farm busienss plan: sources and uses of funds

To get a holistic view of your business, readers will also need to understand the context behind the numbers - and that comes from the written part of your poultry farm business plan, which we are going to be looking at next.

The written part of a poultry business plan is composed of seven main sections:

The executive summary

The presentation of the company, the products and services section, the market analysis, the strategy section, the operations section.

  • The financial plan

The executive summary section of your poultry business plan should give an overview of the other six sections of the business plan (above) and should cover the following:

  • A thorough overview of the poultry business
  • Your goals and objectives
  • Your business strategy
  • The target market
  • The organisational structure of your business
  • Key financials and funding requirements

The executive summary section of your business plan should grab the attention of readers and encourage them to read the rest of the business plan

When writing this section of your business plan, you should cover the structure and ownership of the farm, its location, and its management team. 

The legal structure of the farm, such as whether it is a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, etc., as well as any ownership details, such as who owns what stake in the business and how that might influence decision-making, should be clearly described.

Next, information regarding the poultry farm's location must be presented to give readers a better understanding of its potential customer base. Providing location data, such as the street address and nearby cities and transport infrastructure will give potential investors an idea of how accessible the farm is for customers.

Lastly, a description of the management team and each individual's qualifications and experience in operating a poultry farm should be included. 

Through this information, potential investors will be able to assess the level of expertise and experience that exists within the team. 

For potential investors and lenders, the products and services component of your poultry farm's business plan is critical.

It should provide detailed information on what types of poultry (chicken, duck, turkey, etc.) your farm will be raising, how many birds it plans to produce, how much land and equipment is needed to run the operations and any other relevant details about production capacities.

This section should also include an analysis of the market for your products or services to demonstrate that there is enough demand for your business to be profitable. 

This includes researching competitors’ prices and marketing strategies, understanding customer needs, identifying areas where there may be untapped potential markets, and developing a strategy to differentiate yourself from the competition.

Additionally, this section should discuss any long-term goals or objectives related to product development or expansion into new markets that may help increase profitability over time.

a range of chicken being fed in a poultry farm: illustration for the products and services section of the business plan

When writing the market analysis section of your poultry business plan, it is vital to include information about demographics and segmentation, target markets, barriers to entry and competition. 

Demographics and segmentation should focus on the characteristics of the different customer segments in your target market. This information demonstrates to lenders and investors that there is demand for what you offer, that demand is sufficient, and that you have a reasonable grasp of the market.

Additionally, including information about your target market in your business plan ensures that the products and services your business offers are in line with market demands.

Finally, the competition analysis, when effectively presented, shows how viable your target market is and how well-positioned you are to compete.

When writing the strategy section of your poultry farm business plan, it is essential to include information on your competitive edge, pricing strategy, sales and marketing plan, milestones and risks and mitigants (how you will reduce risks). 

The competitive edge should explain why customers would choose your poultry farm over other businesses offering similar services, and discuss factors such as location, quality of product or customer service standards. 

Also, the pricing strategy should detail how you intend to price products for maximum profitability while remaining competitive within the market. 

It may also be useful to explain your sales and marketing strategy, which should describe how you intend to reach your potential customers and raise brand awareness through various channels, such as social media and print advertising. 

Furthermore, milestones that demonstrate to investors that you have defined growth and development objectives should also be mentioned. 

Lastly, describing potential risks with mitigations shows that you are aware of potential difficulties and have strategies in place to deal with them.

Presenting this information clearly in a business plan helps demonstrate that you have thoroughly considered all aspects of running your poultry farm successfully before launching operations.

The operations section of your poultry farm business plan should include detailed information about your staffing team, roles of staff members, and recruitment plan. It is also vital to list the specific positions that need to be filled, including those necessary for daily operations and those needed for administrative tasks. 

This section of the business plan should also include:

  • The operating hours and any shifts or required rotations.
  • The essential resources and intellectual property the company needs to run, such as permits and licenses.
  • Information about which suppliers you plan to partner with, what kind of services they will provide and their commercial terms. 

When you provide investors with a comprehensive overview of the operations of your poultry farm, they will be better informed about how the business is expected to run and can make an educated decision about whether or not to invest in it. 

The presentation of the financial plan

In the financial plan section, you should talk about the financial forecast that we talked about earlier in this guide. 

This section is crucial because it contains all the facts necessary to demonstrate how much cash you will require and the costs associated with operating a poultry farm.

Now that you know what to include in a poultry farm business plan, it's time to discuss the tools and resources that can be used to create one. 

What tool should I use to write my poultry farm's business plan?

The three main options for drafting a business plan for a poultry farm are: using Word and Excel, paying a consultant to write the plan, or using online business plan software.

Create your poultry farm's business plan using Word or Excel

Creating a poultry farm business plan using Word or Excel might look like a cheap solution, but these programs have their challenges. 

  • You start from a blank screen with no guided instructions
  • It can’t be used to construct a financial forecast
  • You have to be an expert in financial modelling to come up with an accurate forecast
  • It takes a long time to create a complete forecast with Excel

Even if you successfully employ Word and Excel to create your company strategy, the problem of trust still exists. Will investors trust the outcome of your forecasts? That brings us to the next point.

Hire a consultant to write your poultry farm's business plan

Outsourcing a poultry farm business plan to a consultant or accountant is a viable option that can provide you with useful assistance while developing your business plan. 

Consultants are often experienced in writing business plans and accountants can create accurate financial forecasts. 

The only drawbacks to this solution are:

  • Hiring a consultant or an accountant is expensive. The bare minimum for hiring a consultant is usually $2,000 (£1,500), excluding any additional changes required after the first version.
  • An accountant will only help with the financial forecast section of your plan (you’d have to hire a consultant separately).
  • There is the risk of them not understanding the poultry industry adequately to make recommendations or make a strong case to your financiers.

This leaves us with the third option.

Writing the business plan for a poultry farm yourself with an online business plan software

You might want to take matters into your own hands and write your poultry business plan using online business plan software. After all, nobody understands and is more passionate about your business than you do.

Some of the advantages of using an online business plan software are:

  • It makes creating a financial forecast that will wow investors a breeze
  • You don’t have to start from a blank screen (like in Word) and step-by-step instructions are provided for you for each section
  • Helps you to confidently create your plan without worrying that you left out a crucial part
  • Detail outline ensures that everything is covered
  • Ensures that your plan follows the structure that investors and lenders expect
  • You save time with the clear instructions provided
  • Relevant examples are provided
  • No knowledge of accounting required
  • You don’t have to be a financial modelling expert
  • No confusing Excel formulas
  • A professional business plan template is provided, in which you could replace the texts and numbers with your business details to make it your own.

If you're interested in using this type of solution, you can try our software for free by signing up here .

We hope that this article has helped you to better understand how to write the business plan for a poultry farm. If you still have questions, do not hesitate to contact us.

Also on The Business Plan Shop

  • Business plan steps
  • How to write a five-year business plan?
  • Mistakes to avoid in a business plan

Know someone in the poultry farm industry? Share this article with them!

Guillaume Le Brouster

Founder & CEO at The Business Plan Shop Ltd

Guillaume Le Brouster is a seasoned entrepreneur and financier.

Guillaume has been an entrepreneur for more than a decade and has first-hand experience of starting, running, and growing a successful business.

Prior to being a business owner, Guillaume worked in investment banking and private equity, where he spent most of his time creating complex financial forecasts, writing business plans, and analysing financial statements to make financing and investment decisions.

Guillaume holds a Master's Degree in Finance from ESCP Business School and a Bachelor of Science in Business & Management from Paris Dauphine University.

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Poultry Farm Financial Projection – Profit & Loss Statement

By: Author Tony Martins Ajaero

Home » Business ideas » Agriculture Industry » Livestock Farming » Poultry » Poultry Business Plan

Are you writing a poultry farm business plan ? If YES, here is a sample poultry farm financial projection statement, budget & sales forecast . When it comes to calculating the cost of starting a commercial poultry farm , there are some key factors that should serve as a guide. The different type of birds to be raised in a commercial poultry farm determines the total cost of setting up the business.

Besides, in setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting / leasing a big facility, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive.

This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked.

A Sample Poultry Farm Financial Statement

As for the detailed cost analysis for starting a commercial poultry farm and egg production business; it might differ in other countries due to the value of their money. Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our start – up capital in setting up our commercial poultry farm;

1. Startup Budget and Expenditure

  • The Total Fee for incorporating the Business (commercial farm) in united states of America – $750
  • The amount needed to acquire / lease a farm land  – $50,000
  • The amount required for preparing the farm land (poultry fencing et al) – $30,000
  • Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits as well as the accounting services (software, P.O.S machines and other software) – $3,300.
  • Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of Bill The Carpenter™ Furniture, Inc. in the amount of $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580.
  • The total cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,500.
  • The total cost for payment of insurance policy covers (general liability, workers’ compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium – ,400
  • The amount required for the purchase of the first set of chickens – $10,000
  • The cost for acquiring the required working tools and equipment / machines / hatchery et al– $50,000
  • Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $60,000
  • The Cost of Launching an official Website – $600
  • Additional Expenditure ( Business cards , Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al) – $2,000


Going by the report from detailed research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need an average of $500,000 to start a standard commercial poultry farm and egg production business in the United States of America.


  • Operational cost for second quarter of the year (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $60,000
  • Operational cost for third quarter of the year (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $65,000
  • Operational cost for last quarter of the year (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $70,000
  • Other miscellaneous expenses – $15,000
  • Amount required in purchase of feeds, vaccine and casual labour et al $7,000
  • Office supplies (printer, stationaries et al) – $10,000
  •  Janitorial services and supplies (cleaning agent and detergent/chemicals) – $2,000
  •  Credit card processing fees – $1,000

TOTAL OPERATIONAL for First Year – $230,000

3. Sources of Income

Noble Ernest Poultry Farms, LLC is in the poultry farms and egg production line of business for the purpose of maximizing profits hence we have decided to explore all the available opportunities within the industry to achieve our corporate goals and objectives.

Below are the sources we intend exploring to generate income for Noble Ernest Poultry Farms, LLC;

  • Raising, processing and marketing chickens on a commercial level; we export chickens, processed chickens and eggs to other countries of the world.
  • Table eggs produced by battery chickens (white)
  • Table eggs produced by battery chickens (brown)
  • Hatching eggs
  • Specialty eggs
  • Table eggs produced by free-range chickens

4. Sales Forecast

From the survey conducted, we were are able to discover that the sales generated by a commercial poultry farm and egg production business depends on the size of the poultry farm, the types of birds available in the poultry and of course the size of their marketing network.

We have perfected or sales and marketing strategies and we are set to hit the ground running and we are quite optimistic that we will meet or even surpass our set sales target of generating enough income / profits from the year of operations and build the business from survival to sustainability with the shortest period of time.

We have been able to critically examine the poultry farms and egg production business and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection is based on information gathered on the field and some workable assumptions as well with respect to the nature of commercial poultry farm and egg production business that we run.

Below are the projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of running Noble Ernest Poultry Farms, LLC;

  • First Fiscal Year-: $250,000
  • Second Fiscal Year-: $600,000
  • Third Fiscal Year-: $ 900,000

5. Detailed Income Statement for First Year of Operation

Exporting of chicken : selling a chicken at the rate of $3

  • 20,000 chickens sold will cost $60,000

Exporting of processed chicken : selling a processed chicken at the rate of $4

  • 25,000 processed chickens sold will cost $100,000

Eggs : selling a dozen of egg at the rate of $5

  • 10,000 dozens of egg sold will cost $50,000

Table eggs (white) : selling a dozen of a white egg at the rate of $4

  • 10,000 dozens of white egg sold will cost $40,000

TOTAL INCOME for First Year of Operation: $250,000

N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), and unfavorable government policies

Related Posts:

  • Poultry Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]
  • Poultry Farming SWOT Analysis [Sample Template]
  • Free Range Chicken Farm Business Plan [Sample Template]
  • Broiler Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]
  • Layer Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]
  • How to Conduct Market Research for Poultry Farm

Sample Poultry Farming Business Plan

This article provides a sample poultry farming business plan for entrepreneurs with limited knowledge of what a detailed plan should look like.

Do you need to develop a business plan for starting a poultry venture? Here are some areas we’ll be looking into.

  • Common Poultry Terminologies
  • Poultry Farm’s Equipment

Cost Analyses

  • Broiler & Layer’ Feeds & Their Feeding Methods
  • Egg Production & Birds’ Mortality Rate
  • Your Poultry Farm’s Location
  • How to Construct Your Poultry Pen
  • How to Brood Your Chicks
  • Chickens’ Vaccines
  • Poultry Diseases, Causes, and Treatment
  • Common Mistakes to Avoid Like Snake
  • Poultry Business & Accountability


Most people who are into poultry out there are poultry farmers. You will not be that. You will be a poultry entrepreneur after reading this course.

Let me quickly remind you that this article is solely about chicken, especially layers and broilers.

Though we have so many other poultry birds like turkey, goose, duck, and others, chicken has a huge market demand in your country, and since your goal as a farmer is to make a profit, it’s brilliant that we concentrate our effort on what the market wants.

That’s why we’ll “talk” mainly about chicken in this course.

Not even all chicken, but layers and broilers. We won’t talk about cockerel because it’s not as profitable as broilers could be.

Poultry Commonly Used Terminologies

The following are the basic poultry terminologies you should familiarize yourself with;

  • Chicks . This is the term we use for baby
  • Layers . These are the chickens that can lay
  • Broilers . These are the chickens we grow for meat.
  • The pen is the name we call the house we construct for our chicks and chickens.
  • Brooding  is used for the first early period of the chick’s life. Usually, between the weeks, there are 14 days for broilers and 5-8 weeks for layers. (More on this later)
  • A brooder  is an equipment used to provide supplementary warmth during the early stages of the chicken.
  • Feed is a name we use for the food we feed our chicks and chickens
  • A breed  is a group of birds that reproduce their likeness in their offspring
  • A cage is a housing system where the birds are confined to a wire-netted box.
  • Clear eggs  are infertile and cannot be incubated or turned into chicks.
  • Deep litter  is the System of housing wherSystemitable material called litter is provided on the poultry house floor for the birds to live on
  • Free-Range System  is a system of housing where the birds have a shelter house and access to an outside area during daylight hours.
  • A flock  is many birds of the exact origin (genotype) and age and managed in the same.
  • Incubation  is the process by which fertile eggs are turned into chicks
  • An intensive System is any system of housing poultry where the birds are outdoors all of the time and do not have access to the
  • Semi-intensive is a system in which birds have access to a shelter house and the outdoors at the same time
  • Layer Cycle  is the period from the onset of laying until the cessation of production of
  • Point of laying  is the period a female chicken is about to start laying eggs
  • A pullet  is a female chicken in her first laying season
  • A spent hen  is a layer that has reached the end of her economic egg-laying
  • A thermostat  is a device sensitive to temperature and is usually used to control the operation of temperature-modifying equipment

Do you care about chickens or eggs? If at all I do, it is to eat them.

Rearing, nursing, and having sleepless nights because of birds? Not me, and I am sure you don’t like the idea of coping with the odor and other messes of the poultry farm.

So why are you reading this guide?

Business. Business. Business alone is the reason.

If you and I understand this simple logic, we’ll first consider the business aspect of poultry farming.

Poultry Farming Equipment

Below is some equipment you’ll need as a poultry businessman/woman on your farm.

1.  Feeders

A farmer drops the bird’s food for the chickens in the feeder. It is of different designs.

It is what you see as red in the above picture.

2.  Heater or Brooder

This is the instrument farmers use to regulate the temperature of the poultry farm, especially during brooding (when chickens are tiny) and the rainy season or cold period.

Many farmers use locally versioned heaters (coal or stove) as the brooder could be beyond your budget.

4.  Incubator

An incubator is an electronic machine the hatchers use to hatch fertile eggs.

You don’t need this equipment except you want to go into the hatchery part of the poultry business.

5.  Egg Tray

This equipment is used to set eggs and transport them to the customers.

6.  Water pots or Drinker

This is where the chickens drink from.

7.  Poultry Cages

Cages are used to keep poultry birds.

8.  Protective Clothing

Hair caps, disposable sleeves, boots, and overalls for humans so has to prevent contamination from humans to the birds or from birds to humans

9.  Electricity

Electricity is also essential; either you’ll use government-supplied power, a generator, or locally-made lamps (more on this later)

10.  Good Source of Water

A good water source is needed for your birds as dirty water could lead to sickness and the death of the poultry birds.

Here is it.

You want to know how much you’ll need to raise your birds before they start bringing in returns.

It isn’t meant to start with 1000 birds if all your resources can handle is 500 birds.

It would be best to have an estimate, so you’ll take your pen and paper.

  • Do you intend to start your poultry farm in your backyard or on a plot/acre?
  • When you went out to ask about the poultry equipment as listed earlier, how much can you get them in your city or vicinity?
  • Is there steady electricity, or you may need locally devised lamps for your broilers, who may need light all night (to be discussed later), and for your layers, who need light for just a few hours?
  • Is there a good water source near you, or you’ll need a well?
  • Do you need labor, and how many of them (Actually, one or two people should be able to care for 1000 birds)? What is the labor cost like in your locality?

After analyzing all these, you’ll move to the main expense: poultry feeds.

Poultry feeds are where the actual expenses lie, so let’s take some time to talk about feeding your chickens, the kinds of feeds you need at a given time, and then the estimated quantity in the section below.

Broilers and Layers Feeds & Their Feeding Methods

Broiler eats far more than layers. They should be eating virtually all around the clock. It’s not really that they will be busy eating every minute, but they should have food around them (always) so they can pick it up at a convenience.

Their heavy eating is because they are expected to grow so fast and be sold (7 or 8 weeks).

Serious farmers light up their pens all night because chickens (either broiler or layers) don’t eat in the dark.

The good news is that these birds can convert almost half of their feeds to meat. For instance, if we feed our broiler 4kg, it could weigh 1.8 kg.

Our broilers need two kinds of feeds at different stages of their lives.

The first is known as the Broiler Starter .

This is the first type of food (feed) they should be given as it’s very rich in protein and other necessary vitamins.

Broiler Starter should be given for the first three weeks of your broilers.

The second type of feed for broilers is called Broiler Finisher. This should be given from week four till your chickens are sold (hopefully at week seven or week 8)

The first feed to be given to your layer is called  Layer Starter or Chicks Smash. Chicks will be given your layers from day 1 to the 8th week.

This feed contains a very high percentage of protein to help them growiquickly rower smash  is to be given from week 8-18

Layer Feed  is the feed that prepares and enables your layers to lay eggs properly. This is to be given starting from week 18th till your layers are spent (tired) and sold.

Layer smash should not be given until your bird reaches week 18. This feed contains calcium that can permanently damage the kidneys, cause kidney stones, reduce lifetime egg production, and shorten the bird’s life span.

The only reason to give Layer feed to your layer is if they have started laying before week 18.

Supplemental Calcium

Ordinarily, your layer feed contains a good quantity of calcium. However, they may need to supply them with additional calcium once in a while as they start laying. This decision could be reached if you’re advised by your veterinary doctor or a nearby expert who thinks the egg production is not as expected.

How to Change Chickens’ Feeds

When it’s time for you to shift from one feed to another, you mustn’t suddenly change your birds’ feeds.

For example, suppose you want to change from Broiler Starter to Grower today. In that case, the best thing to do is to start by mixing the starter and grower in the same quantity, then gradually increasing the starter quantity while reducing the amount of grower.

This is necessary because your chickens will not like a sudden change in their taste in feeds.

How Often Should You Feed Your Birds?

When we talk about broilers, they must have feed in front of them at least 22 hours a day. That means all around the clock.

For the layers, you can feed them three times a day. 6:30 am, 12 pm, and 4 pm should be all right.

Just note that you may have to lighten up the layers’ pen from around 7-9 because they will still be eating till the evening, and as I might have told you before, chickens don’t eat in the dark.

Some people try to avoid lighting the layers’ pen by giving them food at 3 pm. There is no hard rule here, but you should never prevent providing light to the broilers because they must eat so much.

Don’t forget that we were discussing cost analyses.

But I needed to show you how and what you have to feed your chickens, so I will show you how to get the estimate for their feeds.

Now to the rough estimate for the feeds;

If you have seen any poultry feed packs or bags before, you might have noticed that they are in Kilograms (kg).

As I have shared with you earlier, broilers eat much more than layers. To help your estimate,

Layer chicks could be estimated to eat (plus or minus) 4kg of feed in its first ten weeks. By this, I mean a layer bird could eat about 4kg in its first 70 days on your farm.

It could be a little more or less as the quantities of feed chickens eat depend on the weather and whether you’re using a battery cage or a deep litter system.

Your chickens will ordinarily eat more in the cold than in the hot season, and they are likely to eat more in a deep litter system than in the battery cage system as they walk much more around.

Your broilers could be expected to eat about 4kg or more of feeds in their first six weeks.

As your birds grow, their feed consumption grows, too.

From the 6th week, for broilers, they should have been near the time for you to sell them off (just one or two weeks more).

But for the layers, you’re just getting started.

You’ll still have to feed them for about 12 more weeks. As they grow, their feed consumption grows.

By the time they reach the laying stage, each layer could be estimated to be eating 1.5 pounds of feed each week.

That’s about 2kg in three weeks.

I am telling you all these so that you’ll be able to know how to make your estimate.

Should I tell you the price of the feeds?

Thank you for asking.

One day I was reading something on the internet, and I saw the writer writing the price of W= #XXX and the price of K=$YYY.

At a time, I was forced to go and check the date of that post, and behold, he wrote the post, I think, in 2011.

He’s not intelligent.

I cannot tell you the price of feeds and vaccines here because the amount you bought is not what they are selling now in the same city).

The second reason is that the location differs. Some people will read this course from Lagos, while others may read it from Ghana, South Africa, or China.

How do you expect the feed price in Texas to be the same as that of California?

That’s why you must move out and ask questions from the feed and poultry equipment sellers in your town or area.

You have the idea of the above quantity estimate and go out, ask where they are selling poultry feeds in your locality, ask for different feeds I have mentioned earlier, and their prices.

Check the feeds’ bag to see the quantity (in kilograms), and then come back home to do your math and the estimate.

After your cost estimate, plus the revenue (as analyzed earlier), you should be able to come up with good answers to these questions;

  • With your present capital or resources, how many layer or broiler birds can you conveniently raise?
  • In the long run, how much could your profit be?

These facts and figures are what will give you confidence.

After discussing the importance of cost analyses and the different kinds of feeds you need for your chickens, let’s go into two other essential things you must understand about poultry farming, which will help your cost estimate and general knowledge about the excellent poultry business…

Egg Production & Birds’  Mortality Rate

Here, let’s talk about the nature of chickens’ egg-laying and the death rate, otherwise called the mortality rate.

Some people ignorantly assume that layers’ of birds lay an egg every day, so whenever these people want to start a poultry business, they estimate within themselves and say, “If I can raise 1,000 layer birds, after 18 or 20 weeks, I will be getting 1,000 eggs every day from my poultry farm.”

They have committed two blunders here.

One is the assumption that all the birds will remain alive until the point of laying. The second blunder is the assumption that every laying bird lays an egg daily.

Here is the truth.

Some of your birds will die, and the remaining ones will not give you 900 eggs daily (if they are 900 birds).

The mortality rate is in humans, so it’s ordinary in animals, including included. If people die (even young), should we hope that chickens will not die?

Our concern is that we have to reduce the mortality rate of your birds to the barest minimum.

The best mortality rate is between 5-10% per annum.

If you start with 1000 chicks on your farm, losing 50-80 in a year does not mean you’re doing something wrong. It’s normal.

Another thing to note is that the mortality rate is higher in broilers breed than in layers. The reason is that layer birds are more robust.

In all, the mortality rate is not something to be afraid of. It’s something to prepare for and work hard to reduce (by doing things taught in this course)

Egg Production

As said earlier, 100-layer birds cannot produce 100 eggs daily. As analyzed by some experts, this is that chickens don’t lay an egg every 24 hours. Instead, they lay every 26 hours.

Some people believe that some chickens lie every day while others lie every two days.

We may not be able to tell which theory is correct, but we know that you cannot get the exact number of eggs from the number of chickens you have.

The best estimate is between 80-85% daily egg productivity. That means if you have 1000 laying birds on your farm, you could pick between 800-850 eggs daily.

That’s around 28 crates of eggs. Multiply 28 by the amount they are selling. Create an egg in your locality, and you’ll see something. Deducting that from the cost of layers’ feed and labor, you can see where the profit lies.

After discussing the egg production and the mortality rate, let’s take a moment to talk about it.

Your Farm’s Location

Just as humans need where to live and lay their heads, birds need a place to call their home.

First, you might have noticed that most poultry farms you know are not near residential apartments.

The reasons are simple: odor, noise, and water pollution.

The primary reason poultry farms are usually not allowed by the government to be near residential apartments is the poultry odor resulting from the chicken droppings (feces).

The other reason is because of the noise. Chickens make a lot of noise, and the third reason you can’t site your (primary) poultry farm near a residential apartment is possible water pollution.

Note that I mentioned the “major” poultry farm above. You could, of course, have your poultry’s pen (house) in your backyard, especially if you have a large backyard and you’re starting with just a few birds.

However, that can only work with a few tens of birds.

You’ll have to construct your poultry pen on the city’s outskirts or town for a medium to large-scale poultry farm.

One of the silly mistakes you must avoid is having your central poultry farm in your backyard and then having your brooding pen (where little chicken is kept) just by the side of your layers’ pen while you manage the two together.

This could affect the day-old chickens and lead to a significant loss. (We’ll discuss more on this later)

If you plan to start in your backyard, consider how poultry pens should be constructed and other precautions we’ll discuss in the next chapter.

A few things to consider while choosing where to locate your central poultry farm are;

The Cost of Land

Especially when you’re just starting, you may not be able to afford an acre of land in some locations near Lagos or a major city in your country, so you’ll have to consider the cost of land in your intended location vs. your budget.

Second,  Nearness to Your Intending Market

You don’t want to locate your farm where it will take a vehicle to travel 10 hours before they deliver your ready-for-market broilers to the buyers or before the wholesale egg buyers will get to your farm.

Chickens’ predators

Predators are those other animals or insects that feed on or find pleasure in hurting or killing chickens—E.g., hawks, raccoons, foxes, snakes, soldier ants, dogs, etc.

While chicken predators are everywhere, certain places are more violent and brutal to control predators, so you may not locate your farm in such areas.

After discussing the appropriate location for your farm, let’s discuss how your bird’s pens (houses) should be constructed.

How to Construct Your Poultry’s Pens (Chickens’ House)

To start with, there are three standard poultry housing systems. The first and the oldest is the Free Range System .

Chickens can access an ample, non-confined open space in this housing system.

They walk freely around and (in addition to the feed they’re given) pick up insects and other things they could eat on the floor.

A hindrance to this housing system is that it requires ample land space, and the chickens are exposed to predators like Brother Hawk and others.

A system similar to the one mentioned above is a semi-intensive system. Here, the birds have a confined pen and an open space to live.

The third type of housing system is probably the most common for commercial poultry farmers.

It’s called Intensive System.

In this System, our poultSystemds are confined into a specially built pen. They cannot go beyond the pen.

However, even using this pen, we still have two options.

First, we can use a battery system inside our pen. In this case, our birds are to live inside a specially built cage.

The cages you’re seeing above have been designed so that where the birds feed, where they’re dropping, and where eggs will go have all been designed with it. Automatic drinkers could also be easily fixed.

The battery cage system has been proven to be the best for egg production. Because the birds don’t have much space to roam about, they convert more feeds to eggs.

That’s not to say that the second option is terrible. We can also use the deep litter System.

You can system chickens on the floor of your pen. Here, your birds are not confined in cages, so they can quickly move around. The floor is covered with sawdust or straw.

A strong net is built around each of the pens. Tarps can be hung around the net fence. Depending on the design, that could easily be rolled up (or from up to down) when there is cold or rain. It’s needed, especially when your chickens are still small (at the brooding stage).

However, when they grow to pass the brooding stage, they become more robust and have big feathers, so cold should not be their problem anymore (except when it is extreme).

The roofing sheets should not be metal sheets.

The reason is that metal sheets cause heat, and excessive heat could kill your birds or reduce their egg’s productivity.

The best roofing sheet to use for poultry farms is Asbestos or Thatch-roof. They both can hold heat instead of releasing it like a metal sheet.

The brooding pen and layers (or grown-up broilers’) pens are slightly different in that while constructing your brooding pen (where your day-old, young chickens will live), you have to consider cold.

Before I show you how you must build your pens, let me clarify that, though a standard poultry farm must have two or more pens, there is no crime in starting small.

You could construct a simple brooding pen (the house for your chicks and day-old chickens) and convert it to a layers’ pen when they become “adults.”

Having understood this, let me explain how you must build those pens to get the best for your chickens and maximize your profit.

Brooding Pen

This is where you will house your chicks from the first day you get them to your farm until they become “adults.”

The ideal way to build this pen is to construct two simple blocks around your intended brooding location, then use Tarpaulin (and wood) to cover the remaining space.

The brooding stage of your broiler chicken is about two to three weeks, while it may take 6 to 7 weeks for layers to be brooded.

Now, about layers or “adult” broilers’ pens.

This could be a little simpler. You could build two blocks (as of broodings pen). You could then cover up the remaining space with a net (strong net, not mosquito’s net. Lol) or wood.

As mentioned earlier, the roofing sheet must not be constructed with light iron or metal roofing sheets. Instead, with Asbestos or Thatch-roof

Please Note:

Your broodings’ pen must not be built near the broilers’ or layers’ pen.

The first reason is that your chicks cannot withstand the odor from the layers or broilers’ pens.

The other reason is that layers or broilers could be carriers of certain germs that, though they could do them no harm, can quickly kill the chicks.

After some time, when your farm has grown and you have chicks and layers, you must have SEPARATE staff to deal with them.

Your workers working with the layers’ pen must not be entering your broodings’ pen, and those in broodings’ pen too must not be entering the layers’ pen, so they won’t carry germs from the layers’ pen and infect your chicks.

Brooding Your Chickens

When you order for the chicks you want to raise, either layers or broilers, to be delivered to your farm, the very first days or weeks of the birds on your farm are called the brooding stage.

The brooding period for broilers could be plus or minus 14 days, while the brooding period for layers could be between 5-7 weeks (depending on the weather situation in your locality)

The reason why the brooding period for the broilers is lower is that those birds called broilers grow very fast.

The brooding period of your chickens is the most important and delicate, for the apparent reason.

The most difficult and most crucial time in your poultry business is at the brooding stage. The mortality rate (death rate) is higher for the chicks than the grown-up chickens.

That’s common sense. As humans, babies are much more likely to die of fewer diseases or infections than adults.

That’s why some farmers prefer to go for grown-up chickens already at the point of laying (chickens already about to lay eggs).

This may seem wise because you’ll avoid so many headaches of “nursing” day-olds, but it could be risky because you never can tell how those chickens were brought up.

Just as it’s in humans, the early stage of your chicken’s life is critical. Anything wrong (maybe inappropriate feeding or care) will affect their growth and productivity as “adults.”

Now you can see what I am saying.

If you go ahead and buy chicken at the point of laying, you won’t know its foundation, and if its foundation has been faulty, what can the righteous (you) do?

Have I told you before that your chicks have to be taken care of just like your newborn baby?

Ok. Just reminding you

Just like your newborn baby, they need food, water, vaccines, and drugs whenever they are sick (detail later)

Another essential thing they need is protection from cold and excessive heat.

Protecting them from cold temperatures would be best because they are still young, fragile, and without big feathers.

At the brooding stage, day and night, you have to warm your pen with a charcoal pot, stove, or other electrical poultry brooders (if you can afford them).

Warming their pen day and night will continue until they are grown up (broilers 14 days and layers 5-7 weeks).

If you’re using artificial means to generate heat in your brooding pen, you must make sure your charcoal or stove is “fenced” with something like a wire that will prevent your chicks from being burnt.

The number of charcoal or stoves to be used depends on how many your chicks are (common sense).

If God blesses your area with constant electricity, you must light up your brooding pen all night. Congrats! If not, you may have some bright rechargeable or big local lamps.

One of the reasons why you should light up your chicks’ pen at the brooding stage is to prevent them from a stampede.

Stampede is when birds step on each other and get wounded or die.

This is more likely when they are still young, and they see anything (like a lizard) in the dark, with fear they may run and step on each other, get wounded, and die.

While cold temperature is the biggest enemy of your chicks, there are some other big “enemies” you must pay good attention to.

Quality of the Air

Your young birds need heat, but that doesn’t mean your brooding pen must be closed. Fresh air should have its way, and there should be cross ventilation.

Good feed and clean water

As it is for other chickens of other ages, your little chickens must be given good water and feed.

Prevent Stampede!

As said earlier, a stampede is when chickens run over and step on each other. This could lead to injury and death of your birds.

To prevent this from happening, first, always enter your pens gently. When you or any of your workers rush into your pens, the chickens may run away (usually to the building’s edges) and step or lie on each other. The result may be injury or death.

Second, you may put some sacks together at each pen’s edge. This way, when your birds run to the edge of your pen, they won’t be wounded because the sacks will “bounce” them back.

Poultry Vaccines

Chicken’s Vaccine is the substance given to stimulate chickens’ body’s production of antibodies and provide immunity against diseases.

As humans, we have various kinds of immunization programs where different vaccines are administered to our children at different ages to prevent their health from certain diseases (polio, etc.)

The same applies to the chickens. From the very first day, certain vaccines must be administered to the chicken.

Vaccine for day 1 of the chicken’s life: Marek’s  Disease Vaccine .

This Vaccine must be given to the chicks the day they are hatched. This Vaccine should have been administered by the hatchery where you got your chicks, even before buying them.

Once the chicks leave the incubator, this Vaccine is no longer as effective as it should be, so it has to be administered in the incubator.

The Vaccine is to prevent Marek’s disease tumors and paralysis Newcastle Disease Vaccine.

This Vaccine should be given within 10 and 35 days of the chicken and repeated every three months to maintain a sufficient level of immunity for your birds against Newcastle Disease.

This Vaccine could be given through your birds’ drinking water or as an eye/nose drop.

Infectious Bronchitis Vaccine

This Vaccine could be given within days 10-35 of your birds. It’s often combined with the above Vaccine (Newcastle).

Fowl Cholera Vaccine is another vaccine that should be administered only when you have or suspect cholera on your farm or a nearby farm.

Infectious Bursal Disease Vaccine ;

This is usually for layers’ birds. To be administered on the 14th day of your birds (or as advised by your vet doctor). This is also to be repeated on the 28th day. It could be administered through drinking water.

Other poultry vaccines can be administered whenever a disease is suspected or heard in the neighboring farm or town.

Your vet doctor or consultant will be of great help in guiding you about when to administer some of these vaccines and how to go about them, even the emergency ones (if need be).

Infectious Laryngotracheitis Vaccine, Inactivated Newcastle-Bronchitis, Laryngotracheitis Fowlpox AE, etc., are the vaccines chickens may need as the need arises for them.

How can you get these vaccines?

This is very easy.

This is one of your primary tasks (as explained in the earlier chapter). Just move out and ask any poultry-related materials or feed sellers in your area about where you can find these vaccines in your locality.

They are not scarce. Just ask people, and you’ll be directed.

Don’t just buy vaccines! Make friends. Talk with people. Ask them questions about your locality’s poultry business, feeds, and vaccines.

How and in what quantity will you administer poultry vaccines?

On each Vaccine, there are prescriptions and precautions (just as when you buy the drug in a chemist’s shop). Read those instructions to know how to use them and in what quantity.

Also, note the expiring dates on the vaccines. Just like our drugs, poultry vaccines have expiring dates.

Don’t kill your chickens with expiring vaccines. Other things to take note of about vaccines are;

  • Don’t vaccinate sick birds (except in the case of outbreaks of laryngotracheitis or fowlpox). Vaccination is not to heal sickness; it’s to prevent it, so when a bird is sick, a vet doctor needs to prescribe the drug to
  • Just like other sensitive drugs, prevent the vaccines from heat or sun
  • Use only as recommended because misapplication of vaccines can lead to disease outbreaks or the death of birds.
  • When vaccinating your birds, it’s advisable to vaccinate all of them at a time, as few chickens left unvaccinated could spread whatever disease is hidden in them to the already vaccinated birds.
  • After vaccination, burn or disinfect all opened containers to prevent accidental spread to other poultry. This is because…
  • Most vaccines are living, disease-producing agents themselves. Handle them with care.

Poultry Diseases, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

A disease is an investment for any poultry farmer, so you must understand fundamental things about poultry diseases and their prevention.

I said “some” because trying to mention ALL the poultry diseases may be an impossible adventure.

There are so many bird diseases because there are too many human diseases.

The following are the four significant types of poultry diseases;

  • Metabolic and Nutritional Diseases . These are the diseases caused by a disturbance of normal metabolic functions either through a genetic defect, inadequate or inappropriate
  • Infectious Diseases are usually contagious diseases caused by an invasion of a host by a pathogen, which subsequently grows and multiplies in the
  • Parasitic Diseases  are infections with a parasitic organism
  • Behavioral Diseases  are the abnormal behavioral patterns that can lead to injury or ill health of abnormally behaving birds or their companions

All of the poultry diseases could be categorized into the above four categories.

So, let’s see one or two common poultry diseases.

Common Poultry Diseases

As said earlier, there are as many diseases for birds and animals as for humans.

However, humans can list some common illnesses (e.g., malaria, headache, stomachache, cancer, etc.), so are there some common poultry diseases?

Below are some of them;

  • Diarrhea . Diarrhea is a common poultry disease that shows symptoms through white or greenish, loose droppings (feces). It can be caused by cold, dampness, dirty surroundings, and unclean food. When you notice any of your birds sick with Diarrhea, quickly separate them into a dry, warm pen. If you have a veterinary doctor nearby, promptly give him a call. If not, contact any experienced farmer or consultant and explain the symptoms. They can come to your farm to see things and know what is wrong. It may be Diarrhea or something different, so we cannot tell.
  • Roup (Coryza) . Roup is caused by cold, overcrowding, etc, and could spread through drinking water or feed. The symptoms could be sneezing and watery discharge, which can later turn to white and yellowish foam from the eyes or nostrils. It can also lead to Diarrhea.
  • Liver trouble . Liver trouble is not. It’s an ailment that affects mainly older birds. This disease is caused by too little mobility (exercise) by the birds.

We can go on and on to mention numerous poultry diseases like Ambloidosis, Ascites, Avian Rhinotracheitis, Biting Lice, Breast Blister, Caecal Worm, Cellulitis, Chicken Anaemia, Cropworms, Favus, Fowl Cholera, Gizzard worms, etc., those big grammars will not do you any good.

Instead, you can be better if I give you two deep secrets.

First, work hard on prevention. Prevention is not just better than cure; it’s cheaper and more manageable.

Second, since you might want to employ someone or two with your poultry farm, why can’t you work hard to employ someone with at least three years of experience in a poultry farm?

This will help you in a lot of ways. This person you bring in will come with knowledge and experience (including the knowledge to detect the sick bird and understand various symptoms), and nothing can help you like that.

How to Prevent Poultry Diseases

  • Pay attention to proper sanitation practices. Daily wash the feeders and drinkers. Always clean all your equipment with appropriate disinfectants (Dettol, etc.)
  • Minimize or eliminate the introduction of new chickens to your flock because they could be carriers of some germs or
  • Limit visitors’ entrance to your farm, and if they must enter, let there be disinfectants at the entrance of your farm where everyone going into your pen (including you) will wash their hands and fits. (For example, disinfectant is a bowl of water in which you’ll put anti-germ chemicals like Dettol and Izal)
  • Quarantine unhealthy chicken as quickly as possible. By this, I mean that you should separate any chicken suspected to be sick into an isolated

This should be done to prevent the spreading of the diseases among the flock.

  • Vaccinate Chicken at the appropriate time. When a new set of chickens just came into your farm, when they are transported out and back in, there is a need to vaccinate the flock. To vaccinate is to give your chicken the required Vaccine.
  • Watch out for unhealthy chicken. You must inspect your farm daily and see how your chickens are doing. When one or two of them are not

healthy, it’s better you know on time. Since you understand how your birds live and behave on good days, it’s not too difficult to tell if one of them is sick.

If you can master all we have explained so far, you shouldn’t have much to worry about.

Now let’s see common mistakes you have to avoid in the poultry farming business;

Common Poultry Farmers’ Mistakes

  • Locating brood too close to rearers housing house for an older pen

I have said this before. Your brooding house (where your day-old chicks live) must not be too close to the rearing or layers pen.

Some people with ample land space give a space of three electric poles, while others locate the brooding pen in an entirely different location.

  • Housing chickens of different ages together

This sounds foolish when you look at the nature of chickens. How can a younger chicken cope when the time comes for it to struggle with the older ones to eat?

Don’t you know that chickens (like humans) do fight? How can younger chickens cope when the older and stronger ones step on them (stampede)?

This is one of the reasons why some ignorant farmers lose their investments.

  • Housing layers and broilers together.
  • You are mixing chickens from different hatcheries together in the same pen.

Even if they are similar (i.e., layers), they shouldn’t be in the same pen together if they are from different hatcheries.

Because their foundation is different, and they may not grow or be fruitful alike.

  • They are buying chickens from “quack” hatcheries.

Some people hawk chicks all around the town. Some are hatchers by mere name. You must not buy your chickens just anywhere because there are meticulous processes the professional hatchers have to go through to hatch eggs.

If these processes are left out or omitted because of ignorance, they will tell for the rest of the chickens’ lives. How do you know a good incubator?

Ask the farmers in your vicinity. If they prove problematic to approach, ask the poultry feed sellers. They will be friendlier with you (because they want to sell you feeds)

  • Overcrowding.

I met with a man a few days ago, and he was sharing his experience in some places in Lagos, where 7 to 12 people could be sleeping in a single room.

That’s called overcrowding.

It’s affecting their health, but because there is no alternative, “man must live.”

However, in the case of birds, “birds can die”.

When they are still day old, chickens could be hundreds in a pen, but as they grow up, you’ll have to be spacing them because that pen may not be conducive for them any longer.

Your pens can never be too big, but they can be too small.

  • Bad litter management

It would be best if you had a place on your farm where you pack the birds’ feces. This could be a hole at a distance or something similar.

  • Assuming that all will be well all the time or estimating that all layers will lay an egg every day

This may sound not very optimistic, but you see, nobody smiles all the time. No known method will keep all your chickens alive. Some will die. If you have 500 layers, you cannot get 500 eggs every day.

I have explained this earlier.

Some layers may not lay eggs, while some lay every 26 hours. If you think about that, you’ll know why you cannot pick 500 eggs from 500 layers.

  • Underestimating Predators.

Predators, as explained earlier, are the enemies of your chicken. Some want to eat them, while others love to hurt them for fun—hawks, Raccoons, Foxes, snakes, soldier ants, and others. If you don’t keep the environment of your farm very clean and well-guided, any of these predators can come at the time you least expect them.

For instance, soldier ants will not notify you of their plan to visit your farm, nor will snakes. Even your Bingo dog could “joyfully” hurt your chickens when you’re not around if your farm is so loose.

Don’t underestimate predators. Prevent them from coming nearby, making your farm’s surroundings clean and protected.

  • They do not know when the chickens are uncomfortable and how to attend to them .
  • I am using Metal Roofing for poultry pens. As mentioned earlier, this causes heat, affecting egg productivity and the birds’ health.
  • We are not preventing stampede.

I have explained this earlier. Take note. Stampede kills human beings (as strong as we are). Imagine how much effect that could have on the fragile chickens.

  • I am going all alone.

Don’t go all alone. Make friends and relate with poultry farmers in your locality. Have some experienced people (one or two) who you can call anytime and ask questions.

If possible (a must for an authentic farm), have a veterinarian. Anything can happen at any time. He might have to diagnose to see what is wrong with some unwell birds.

Let me warn you: DON’T GO ALL ALONE.

If some of these professionals and consultants require a certain fee, instead of negotiating the cost, they go alone without it.

You may want to save 100 dollars and lose 1,000 dollars.

Introduction to Poultry Farming Business Proposal

Because of the importance of this document to the success of your poultry farm, you need to put in your very best effort to produce a good plan, as it can determine the success of your venture.

Sample Poultry Farm Project Proposal Plan

This free poultry farming BUSINESS PLAN PDF SAMPLE provides the necessary support, and developing one is essential to success in the poultry business.

Writing a business plan for your new or existing poultry business can never be underestimated. It provides more assessment of your venture and is a core requirement for obtaining loans and grants from investors.

Unless you have your intentions for your poultry farming business written down, you might miss an opportunity to communicate them to someone else or clarify things for yourself.

Whether starting or expanding a poultry business, writing a business plan will help you understand what you want to do and how you will do it.

Most emerging poultry farmers must use loans or grants when starting their businesses.

To access these, you must write a business plan and submit it to your prospective financier or grant officer.


It is essential for a business that wants to make an impact and be successful to have a business plan. This planning guide is an internal document accessible to only a few organization members.

Any venture that plans to succeed should invest efforts at developing a comprehensive business plan that captures every aspect of the business.

A business plan provides the necessary support for the company to succeed in its industry.

In writing a business plan, it is paramount that you know the format to follow and, better still, follow a sample in writing yours to avoid wasting time, effort, money, and resources.

Therefore, I will use this post to give a business plan for a poultry farming business, which can be used as a guide or sample in writing.

I will go directly to the business plan since you should already know the details of the business, that is, how to start and manage it well.


  • Executive Summary
  • Business Overview
  • Vision Statement
  • Mission Statement
  • Marketing Strategy
  • Business Requirements
  • Cash Flow Analysis


Raising poultry birds involves the production of broiler meat and chicken eggs. It’s one lucrative and broad industry that has attracted millions of investors. Niches-related poultry farming include

  • setting up an incubator
  • raising broilers
  • egg production through layer birds
  • marketing and distribution of table eggs
  • the output of poultry farm equipment like drinkers, feeders, debeakers, etc.
  • sales of poultry vaccines, drugs, feeds, and supplements
  • feed mill operation
  • the construction of poultry pen and battery cage installation

This facility will only produce layer birds to prevent an overlap of ideas due to the limited resources available. This means that Goody Poultry Farm might decide to bring in more ideas in the future.

In the first year of production, the farm is expected to produce about 60 crates of eggs daily and generate more than 1 million in revenue. Spent layers should be sold at the end of a year of laying, and the money should be used to get replacement birds.

The business has decided to collaborate with experts and investors because the business involves bringing together all available industrial facilities that a single company might be unable to provide.

BUSINESS OVERVIEW The most popular form of poultry farming is layer production because egg consumption cuts across all nations. There are different niches in the poultry business. These include broiler, layer, quail ,  turkey , ostrich, geese, and duck production.

Because of these various forms, focusing on one aspect and then adding other elements with time is advisable. This is one industry with great potential.

The main things that serve as hindrances in this industry are high-interest rates, lack of electricity, absence of credit, high product costs, and so on. The demand for day-old chicks , eggs, and broiler meat remains very high.

VISION STATEMENT Goody Poultry Farm’s vision is to facilitate the production of safe and hygienic chicken eggs, provide jobs for the unemployed, and generate wealth for those who invest in our projects.

MISSION STATEMENT Our mission is to develop a mechanized poultry business that is efficient and profitable in the long run. We hope to grow the venture into a standard project that is professionally managed.

MARKETING STRATEGY Goody Poultry Farm will as a marketing strategy employ a marketer at total capacity, the marketer will be employed to sell the eggs produced on the farm from one egg depot to another. Through this marketing activity, many clientele bases will be created.

To make the marketing more manageable and efficient, we will allocate a date for all our customers so each customer will have a day when they will be supplied eggs, either by picking them up or having them delivered at a price.

Also, adverts will be placed on several online media sites, which will serve as a marketing form.

BUSINESS REQUIREMENTS The poultry business will need several pieces of equipment and tools for the smooth management of the business, and they include:

  • A shop in town will be needed to serve as the warehouse and egg depot, this helps in reducing the number of people who go to the farm which in turn reduces the risk of a break of security and bio-security.
  • Semi-automatic  battery cages of good quality  will be purchased and installed for the birds.
  • Other equipment needed for the business are feed (grower mash and layer mash) , point of lay, different medications, and vaccinations.

CASH FLOW ANALYSIS The market has been surveyed to determine the cash flow level of the industry. This helps in knowing if the poultry business is worthwhile or not.

Analysis has shown that positive net cash balances are realized at the end of the second year the chicken farm started, indicating profitability in the industry .

Also, generating a net return in the first year of production may not be possible due to the large capital requirements. Still, subsequently, the farm would break even, generating significant profit.

CONCLUSION You have been equipped with all it takes to write a solid business plan for your poultry farm.

Here is the link to  download our practical poultry production manual.

So start by creating a counter-strategy to tackle these challenges, and success will be yours. This is one of the best articles that can be converted into a  planning guide on poultry farming.

Do you need a  poultry farming business plan with a 3-year financial plan to apply for funding?

Contact us .

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nice write up

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  • by Folakemi Adegbaju
  • August 14, 2023
  • No comments
  • 12 minute read

poultry farm business plan sample

Table of Contents Hide

How to start a poultry farm business, #1. executive summary, #2. company analysis, #3. market analysis, #4. competitive analysis, #5. marketing strategy and implementation, #6. management and organization structure, #7. financial plan, #8. appendix, final thoughts, how profitable is poultry farming business, do farmers pay tax uk, how much do egg farmers make a year uk.

The poultry farming business is a dynamic, expanding industry with huge financial possibilities. If properly managed, the poultry farming industry could be regarded as one of the most profitable businesses in the world. It has developed into the best potential to make a substantial sum of money quickly. It’s challenging to start a poultry farm business in the UK, but having a solid business plan will help you succeed. Before starting a poultry farm in the UK, spend time and effort outlining the concept in a poultry farm business plan. Making the business plan prior to project initiation is the best approach. Using a sample of a poultry farm business plan might seem useful, but a professional touch is better.

Have a smooth ride!

What Is the Poultry Farm Business?

The majority of profitable business prospects are typically ignored by popular culture. Everyone wants to choose the more enticing positions, companies, or projects that will instantly evoke feelings of prestige in the minds of individuals who hear them. It would be excellent to pretend you are into oil and gas, transportation, or even entertainment when they ask what kind of industry you are in.

But suppose you work as a farmer and people stare at you oddly. This is one of the world’s most covert industries. Consider this: We regularly consume food without considering its origin or route to our table. Our food intake is supported by a huge number of individuals, groups, and organisations.

To enhance the output of eggs and meat, domesticated birds are raised for commercial purposes in poultry farming. Farms typically raise chicken, turkey, ducks, and geese as food. Although broilers are there for meat and layers for eggs, chicken has a global market.

There are some steps you must take when you want to start a poultry farm business so you can have a successful result. Getting a sample of a poultry farm business plan will be a great benefit too. The following are the steps you need to take:

#1. Learn Poultry Farming

Getting some fundamental training is the first step in starting a poultry farm business. Do not start a chicken farm right away after receiving the necessary instruction from a reputable farming institution. Be aware that dealing with real birds makes it a delicate process. If you need to learn about raising chicks, you can enrol in a training course, even if it’s brief.

#2. Decide What Niche To Concentrate On

The main thing that springs to mind when you think of the poultry industry is raising birds for meat. But there is more to breeding birds for commercial purposes; to start, you can also raise other species besides chickens in the poultry industry. In addition to choosing the species of birds you want to breed commercially, there are other areas of the market you may specialise in to make a difference and stand out.

The sector includes:

  • Meat production (through broiler breeding)
  • Production of eggs (through layer breeding)
  • Production of poultry feed
  • Equipment manufacturing is required on the poultry farm.
  • Eggs and meat processing
  • Chicken hatching
  • Packaging and marketing of eggs and meat

An entrepreneur might choose more than one sector to launch their business, depending on their interests and viability.

#3. Choose a Suitable Location for Your Business

Choose a good location for your poultry farm business. Instead of creating a logistical nightmare and driving up transportation costs, it is best to position it close to where items are consumed. Also, due to regulations prohibiting this type of business from being established in a residence, your choice of location is very important.

However, a remote area of the city with few occupants would be the ideal location for you to establish such a business. The distance is specified because of the potential health effects such a place might have on individuals, as well as the noise, smell, and other factors. While it is great to locate a poultry farm business a little bit away from residential areas, it must not be so far away that clients cannot travel there to purchase the goods. Or so far away that vets find it challenging to travel to give the birds their vaccinations.

#4. Choose a Catchy Business Name

It’s also very crucial to give your poultry farm a name and register it in accordance with state regulations. Picking a name for your business requires creativity, so you might want to keep certain aspects in mind while you brainstorm ideas for a catchy name. Perhaps you want to emphasise how different you are from your rivals and use it to build your business name, or perhaps you want to pay close attention to the significant shift you want to bring about in your target audience. In any case, one of the important considerations is the name of your poultry farm business.

#5. Choose the Right Type of Bird

Poultry farm business owners rear different types of birds. It’s your choice to choose the breed of bird that you want to grow and breed on your farm. For the purpose of producing meat and eggs, it is first advised to choose from a small variety of broilers and layers. Depending on the demand and profitability, one can introduce new bird varieties as the business expands. There are some other types of birds that you can take into consideration. They are the duck, goose, turkey, etc.

#6. Have a Business Plan

To run your poultry farm business, make sure you have a poultry farm business plan in place in advance. The plan should depict the direction your poultry farm business will head in over the next four to ten years.

Write down your goals, target market, poultry products, and marketing techniques you want to use to make your business grow. Your poultry farm business plan comes with a lot of advantages. One of the advantages is that it attracts investors to your poultry business plan. Before investing in your poultry farm business, investors will like to carefully review your poultry farm business plan. Another advantage it has is that it helps you act in accordance with the poultry business plan, which aids in securely trending the path. You will be on track when executing your business. Getting a sample of a poultry farm business plan will help you carry out a proper business plan.

#7. Select the Cage Type of Your Poultry

Prior to creating your poultry farm’s ultimate plan, choosing the type and size of poultry cages is another crucial step. You may imagine that thinking about this before beginning a business is not all that necessary, but it really is. Your entire poultry business plan will be impacted by your estimation of the cost of the poultry cages, both favourably and unfavourably.

#8. Raise Startup Capital

You now know how much funding is needed to launch your poultry farming business plan after choosing your location. Document all of the funds you require along with their source and management. This type of business requires a large initial investment, and in the UK, the government does not provide any support at all. This implies that you would need to find alternative methods of raising capital to start this kind of business.

When looking for startup funding for your poultry farm business, some of the financing options you can consider are:

  • Obtain funds from stock sales and personal savings.
  • Personal property sales
  • Sell shares to potential buyers.
  • Obtain a soft loan from family and friends.
  • submit a bank loan application.
  • Obtaining the necessary funding from corporate partners and private investors
  • Promote your business ideas to attract angel investors, venture capital, and financing from charitable groups.

#9. Get a Professional Certification

 There aren’t any significant certifications needed to start a poultry farm in the UK. To be able to do particular tasks on a poultry farm, such as vaccination, one may need to undergo training; this training may include a certificate. Any educational facility that offers the Diploma in Poultry course is open to enrollment if one so chooses. Here, they might get the crucial skills they need to manage a poultry business successfully. 

#10. Write a Marketing Strategy

It’s important to market your goods to the intended market. Because marketing is challenging, different communication channels can be used to generate publicity about your product. Nobody would come to do business with you if they were unaware of your business. And every company is created with the intention of producing money; otherwise, it would be known as a charitable organization. How do you spread the word so that the market is aware that your business even exists?

Typically, people concentrate on creating the farm itself and pay less attention to how to sell their specialities to customers who are looking for these services. This is why you should employ marketing and sales professionals to create creative ways to publicize your poultry farm business.

You can also market your poultry farm business through the following means:

  • Utilise the internet to promote your business.
  • Advertise your business in relevant financial magazines, on the radio, and on TV stations.
  • Attend seminars and meetings in this industry and market your brand through networking.
  • Get to meetings with government officials and people in the food service industry to let them know what you do.
  • List your business in the local directories.

You can use a sample of a poultry farm business plan, but we advise you to go to a professional when starting your poultry farm business.

What Is a Poultry Farm Business Plan?

You will require a business plan for poultry farming that can explain how to start a poultry farm business in order to launch this business. The document serves as a comprehensive business plan that will guide you through all the steps involved in starting and running a profitable poultry farm. This business can pay you more money than a plan for a cattle feedlot or a dairy farm. For example, a business plan will help you in accomplishing this. Getting a sample of a poultry farm business plan will be an extra bonus when writing yours.

The following are steps you need to take when writing a poultry business plan;

An executive summary is a critical part of your business plan. It is where you briefly discuss your goals, your motivations, your core values, and even your intended means of achieving them. It might only ever be seen by you, but it’s a fantastic tool for reassurance as your company grows. Your executive summary should rapidly grab the reader’s attention. Tell them about the kind of poultry farm you run and its current state. For instance,

  •  Do you run poultry farm enterprises in many areas?
  • Are you a startup?
  •  Do you have one that you’d like to expand?

In your company analysis, you will describe the kind of poultry farm you are managing, if it is a breeder farm, a broiler farm, or a pellet farm. The company analysis section of your business plan has to give information on the company and describe the type of poultry farming enterprise you will run. 

You can also include these:

  • Explain your legal structure here.
  • When and why did you start the business?
  • What milestones have you achieved to date?

Those who are the final consumers of commercial poultry farm products and those who gain from the business value chain of the poultry farming and egg production industry are obviously a very large target market.

Whether it’s chicken or eggs, every household uses products from industrial poultry farms. Chicken and eggs are available in almost all lodgings and fast food outlets. A commercial chicken farmer should essentially be able to sell his or her chicken and eggs to as many consumers as feasible.

Regarding who your poultry farming business plans to serve, you must be quite clear. Your business plan needs to be clear about the clients you want to focus on, the population segment that will serve as your main market, and the population segment that your company will purposefully neglect.

To address the issue you want to solve, you need to determine how many people make up your target market and how much they typically spend annually. Conduct thorough market research and solely rely on reliable sources.

Your competitive analysis should list both your company’s direct and indirect rivals before concentrating on the latter. Other poultry farm companies are direct competitors .

Other retailers that clients can choose from but who are not direct competitors are known as indirect competitors. This includes those who manufacture alternatives to meat as well as producers of other meats like cattle, pork, or fish. Such competition must also be mentioned. You should outline the other poultry farms with which you compete in terms of direct competition. Most likely, poultry farms in the area around you will be your main competition. Give a brief description of each of these competitors’ firms and list their strengths and weaknesses.

You can also use the following questions in your competitive analysis:

  • What types of customers do they serve?
  • What kinds of poultry do they produce (breeders, broilers, pullets)?
  • What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
  • What are they good at?
  • What are their weaknesses?
  • Will you use superior production methods?

This is the section of many business plans that are lacking and might result in slow or poor sales. Most people enter a certain line of work because they are talented or passionate about it. However, the majority of these individuals are not natural marketers. You describe your plan for grabbing attention, creating interest in your services, and turning prospects into consumers in this area. Here, you should explain how you plan to reach your target market with your goods and services. Describe here the methods you’ll use to promote your products and the financial resources you’ll need to put your plans into action. Tell everyone you know about your chicken farming endeavours, including your friends, family, neighbours, and coworkers. Find as many meetings, seminars, and social gatherings as you can that are aimed toward small enterprises, agricultural companies, or other food service suppliers.

The following questions would also help in carrying out your marketing plan:

  • What sort of online marketing do you do?
  •  Do you advertise online, in print, or elsewhere? 
  • Do you attend trade shows or sponsor events? 
  • If your direct marketing is largely done by retailers, what kind of marketing will you do to attract and keep those key partners?

Here, your marketing strategies could include Twitter promos, product fliers and banners, radio ads, and Facebook marketing campaigns. Use social media in all its forms.

Describe the essential team members of your small business and why their participation is crucial to the success of your poultry farming operation in this area of your business plan. Make sure to include management team members and business owners in your plan. Will you run your company as a partnership, a sole proprietorship, or under a different form of ownership?

Here, introduce your company’s managers and give a brief description of their qualifications and main duties. Making a chart that shows your line of command could be a useful strategy. Additionally, you could wish to include important workers with connections or abilities that are strategic assets, people to fill important positions down the road, trustworthy advisers, or other useful contributors.

Your business plan must include a part devoted to fundraising if your objective is to raise money for your small business. You describe your financial goals in this part, along with how you plan to use the funds for your poultry business. If you require funding, this part focuses on the amount of money you require to launch your firm and the purpose for which you want to use the funds you are raising. Your 5-year financial statement should be broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually in your financial plan. Your income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statements are all financial statements.

Include all of your financial estimates in the appendix of your poultry farm business plan, along with any additional materials that can strengthen your point.

Keep in mind that while market and problem analysis are important, implementation is ultimately what counts. That’s why we wrote a poultry business plan just for you to stay true to yourself. Using a sample of a poultry farm business plan to write yours is cool, but you’ll need a professional touch on your poultry farm business plan.

One of the industries with tremendous growth potential is poultry farming. The poultry farm business must be chosen if you want quick profits. Starting a small-scale poultry farm doesn’t require a significant financial outlay or a lot of space, but having a poultry business plan is a great advantage to your poultry farm business. Getting a sample of a poultry farm business plan might make it seem easy to write , but you definitely need professional help while writing your poultry farm business plan.

The poultry business owners are primarily focused on maximising the production from their farm by selling eggs as well as related products like feathers, gunny sacks, and poultry litter. If properly managed using accepted practices, the poultry farming industry can be quite profitable.

When a farmer earns a £20,000 profit, the first £9,440 is tax-free and the remaining £10,560 is subject to a 20% tax rate, which equals £2,112 in tax obligations. Similar procedures are applied to farmers in Ireland, although at different times and with different fees.

Even while an egg costs only 7.5 cents on average, the sector as a whole is worth roughly a billion pounds annually. An average hen will bring approximately £2.35 per year for a farmer (or as little as £1.80 for eggs produced intensively).

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Chicken Farming Business Plan Sample

OCT.28, 2013

Chicken Farming Business Plan Sample

Executive Summary

2.1 the business.

Kiley Protein farm will be a registered and licensed meat and egg producer based in Kansas City Missouri. The business will act as a model for starting up a chicken farm.  The aim of this business will be to provide the best products.

2.2 Management of Chicken Farming Business

In order to make sure that the business runs smooth and without any hiccup, Kiley Lawson, the owner of the business will hire 2 managers and a doctor. The managers will be responsible for procurement and sales, while the doctor will be the one looking after the operations of the farm. If you need to know how to start chicken farming, management is the first thing you need to learn. This is not like a business plan for bank as you need to be involved at all levels to make sure that the farm operates profitably.

2.3 Customers of Chicken Farming Business

Before we can explore more aspects of how to set up a poultry farm business, we need to see what the customers are that we are working with. The main customers of this business will be:

  • Chicken retailers in the area.
  • Hotels and restaurants.
  • Grocery stores that sell chicken.
  • End consumers.

Company Summary

3.1 company owner.

Kiley Lawson will be the owner of the Kiley Protein Farm. Kiley has been a manager in a poultry farm for the last 5 years. She has got money in inheritance and now she wants to invest it in a good business. Having the funds and the experience in this field made her the perfect owner and chief executive of a poultry farming business.

3.2 Why the Chicken Farming Business is being started?

Kiley has noticed that there is a gap in the market. Kansas City is a big consumer of meat in the area but they have to import it from other cities as the production in the city cannot suffice the demand. Kiley wants to bridge this gap. This example of business plan for poultry farming will cover all the aspects there are about chicken farming and how Kiley will be filling the gap.

Marketing Analysis of Chicken Farming Business

Uk start-up visa business plan.

If you want to know how to write a business plan for a chicken farm, you need to run a thorough marketing analysis of the industry. If we look at the trends in the poultry industry, the consumption of meat in the US has been up by as much as 540% since 1940. This translates to a multibillion-dollar industry that has a scope for aggressive expansion just like a mushroom farming business plan .

However, this must also be noted that starting a chicken business is not an easy feat to undertake. This is mainly because the industry already has a lot of well-reputed and established brands that are providing the services.

Let’s explore more marketing factors related to this poultry farm business plan .

5.1 Market Trends

If you want to know how to open a chicken farm, you need to see the market trends. It can be seen that the chicken market has grown from $8.3 billion in 2008 to more than $40 billion in 2018. Experts are expecting another 300% growth in the sector by 2030. This means one thing; the business is a good one to enter.

5.2.1 Restaurants and Hotels

Our largest customers will be these. We will make agreements with them to be the sole suppliers of all their meat and eggs. This will make us a bunch of money and that too for a long period of time.

5.2.2 Grocery Stores

We’ll offer frozen meat products and eggs at the popular grocery store in the area. Once the brand makes a name for itself, this will become one of the most profitable segments of our market.

5.2.3 End Consumer

We will be opening two outlets to sell the product directly to the end consumer. This will not be a very profitable thing at the start but once we penetrate this segment of the market, we can make top dollar.

5.2.4 Chicken and Egg Retailers

We will provide our product to the retailers who have established sales and are selling product from other producers. We will offer it at a lower price to shift them to us.

5.3 Business Target

  • To be a leading provider of meat and eggs in the US.
  • To expand the business worldwide in 10 years.
  • To establish a reputable brand of organic meat and eggs.
  • To be the best meat and eggs provider in the state of Missouri.

5.4 Product Pricing

We will keep the prices low at the start to attract customers. This will be done for the first six months. Once we get customers and make a name of the brand then we can increase the prices gradually and adjust them where there is the perfect balance of sales volume and profit margin.

Marketing Strategy

It is of cardinal importance to make a strong marketing strategy if you have to establish a profitable chicken farming business. Your poultry marketing plan needs to focus on the strengths you have over the competition. The main advantage Kiley Protein has is that they are providing organic meat and eggs, something not many of the others are providing.

Let’s see how this sample business proposal for poultry farming covers the marketing part.

6.1 Competitive Analysis

  • We are one of the very few businesses in the area providing organic meat and eggs. This is the biggest competitive advantage that we have.
  • We will provide meat in varieties. Boneless, leg pieces, minced meat, will all be offered as different products.
  • We will make deals with bulk customers and make long term agreements with them to be their sole suppliers.

6.2 Sales Strategy

  • We will use YouTube and Facebook ads to advertise out product and highlight how are we better.
  • We will send salespersons to large customers (hotels and fast-food chains) to sign long term agreements.
  • For the average customer, we will offer discounted rates and lucky draws on every purchase to attract sales.

Personnel plan

This business plan for poultry farm pdf also covers the staff that will be needed to run the farm and all of its operations. Just like a pig farming business plan , this business also needs quite a bit of staff to keep the farm running.

7.1 Company Staff

  • Kiley Lawson will be the owner and the CEO of the chicken farming business.
  • 2 Managers for procurement and sales.
  • 1 Doctor to run the farm.
  • 8 Handlers to feed and look after the chicken.
  • 3 Drivers for the delivery trucks.
  • 4 Salesmen to tun the outlets.
  • 4 Delivery boys to deliver the online orders.

7.2 Average Salary of Employees

Financial plan.

The next thing this start chicken farming business plan needs to cover is the financial plan, an estimate of all the costs involved in setting up this business. Just like a goat farming business plan , we need to have an estimate before we start it.

Here are the costs that the owner will have to arrange:

  • The cost of setting up the farm and procuring the machinery.
  • The salaries of the staff of the farm for the first 6 months.
  • The cost of food for the chicken for the first lot (40 days).
  • The cost of setting up outlets to sell the product.
  • The cost of promoting the business.
  • The cost of buying vehicles to transport the product to the market.
  • The money needed to create an online store.

8.5 Projected Balance Sheet

8.6 business ratios.

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sample business plan for poultry farm

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Poultry Farm Business Plan Sample (With Financial Template)

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This is a sample business plan for a poultry farm based in Nigeria. The sample business name used is Nutrichic Farms. 

The business operates a poultry farm that breeds broiler and layer chickens, and is located in Nasarawa state.

The business plan outline used is a simple business plan that follows a standard business summary template used by most business schools and is usable for applying for loans, grants, and equity funding.

You can use this business plan as a guide to develop a business plan for your poultry business.


Nutrichic Farms is a poultry farm located in Nasarawa state, Nigeria. We rear broiler and layer chickens for eggs and meat production and sales.

Through our farm, we produce healthy chickens and eggs, which are distributed at local markets in Nasarawa and other neighboring states.

Business Analysis

Nutrichic Farms operates a lean model poultry farm that houses a chicken shelter and a feed production chamber.

We produce our chicken feeds in-house to reduce cost of breeding and to ensure healthy nutrition for our chickens.

This ensures that our layer chickens lay more eggs, and our broilers are ready for sale as quickly as possible.

To ensure a fast and efficient sales process for our eggs and chickens, we have a distributor network that consists of 20 egg distributors and 15 chicken distributors within Nasarawa.

This makes our sales process faster and remittance of payments more accountable.

We are looking to make our production and distribution even more efficient by procuring more feed production machines and distribution vans for transporting our products to the market.

Product Pricing

Our fresh eggs are sold at a wholesale price of 720 Naira per crate. Our mature broilers are sold at a wholesale price of 1,500 Naira, while our old layers are sold at a wholesale price of 1,300 Naira.

On the average, we sell 65 crates of eggs, and 80 chickens per week.

Business Model & Profitability

Business model.

Our business model focuses on producing healthy chickens and eggs, reducing production costs, utilizing competitive price points, and being fast to market by leveraging our distributor network.

Expected annual customers

Since we already operate a direct B2B sales model using our distributor network, our customer base is already set. 

We have 20 egg distributors and 15 chicken distributors already. Once we increase our production capacity, we’ll be able to triple this number and grow our sales.

Estimated Annual Revenue

Currently, we are able to distribute 65 crates of eggs and 80 chickens per week, which brings us an annual revenue of 2.4 million Naira and 5.8 million Naira.

We estimate that our total annual revenue of 8.2 million can be tripled once we scale our production and make our distribution more efficient.

Production & Distribution Cost

Our production costs include procuring day-old chickens for 100 Naira each, raw materials for feed production, vaccination, and fuel to power the production plant, pump water, and power the chicken shelter.

Our distribution costs include weekly transportation, logistics and other miscellaneous expenses.

Profit Margin

Currently, our profit margin stands at 65% but we are looking to scale that up to 80% once we begin the next phase of our expansion plans.

Nutrichic Farms was launched by Solomon, who is currently the CEO of the business.

Solomon has a background in agric economics and farming, and has been managing his family farm since the past 20 years.

The current business has remained a family holding, with staff consisting mainly of family members.

Other team members include Mr. Hassan, the feed plant technician; Mr. Kehinde, the truck driver and distribution head, and Ms. Victoria, our quality control and business development manager.

Each person on this team brings a unique skill set that is required to drive the business forward and fulfill the needs of our customers.

Business Journey

Nutrichic Farms was launched in 2015 by Solomon due to his passion for poultry and farming.

The business was launched with a capital of 300,000 Naira, which purchased 50 birds, built a makeshift chicken shelter, and purchased some chicken feeds.

Over the past 5 years, Nutrichic Farms has grown so much that we have been able to build a larger and more standard chicken shelter, drilled a borehole, and started our own feed production.

Since then, we have sold over 30,000 chickens and 10,000 crates of eggs, making sales of over 10 million Naira.

In that time, we have also implemented our strategy for business development and grown our distributor network. We are hoping to grow this network further in the next phase of our business.

Market Analysis

Market size/target audience.

According to Sahelcp, the poultry market in Nigeria is worth 80 billion Naira.

We estimate that the poultry market in Nasarawa and its environs is worth 0.5% of the total poultry market in Nigeria.

Hence, our market size is estimated to be worth 400 million Naira. 

With the population in Nasarawa growing impressively year-on-year, we estimate that our target customers comprise over 4,000 retailers of chickens and eggs, and over 1.5 million consumers of chicken and egg.

Marketing Plan

Our marketing plan involves incentivizing and leveraging our distributor network.

We want to help these distributors of chicken and egg get the right products promptly at the right prices and to make more profit.

We plan to grow our distributor network to at least 2,000 distributors in the next 2 years.

This would help us boost sales and collect better feedback on the needs of retailers and final consumers.

SWOT Analysis

Strengths: Our Strengths lie in our strategic distributor network, strong business efficiency, and growing brand.

Weaknesses: Our identified weak areas are limited markets due to physical nature of business, and Poor transport infrastructure which relies too much on external logistics partners.

Opportunity: Our identified opportunities include the growing population and demand for chicken and eggs, strong local brand identity, and the room for growth in our production and distribution.

Threats: We see threats to our business in different areas such as individual sellers in the market competing on price, logistics partners failing on deliveries, and wholesalers buying from outside the state.

Business Needs

Nutrichic Farms is in need of funds to purchase more machinery for our feed plant, purchase trucks for our distribution, and marketing to grow our distributor network.

We plan to grow our distributor network to at least 2,000 distributors in order to capture more market share and consolidate our brand positioning.

If these requirements are met, it would help us meet our business & financial goals.

Future Plans 

Over the next two years, we plan to grow our distributor network from less than 50 to 2,000.

This would help us capture a wider segment of the market, triple our sales, and enjoy a strong market advantage. 

Cash Flow Projection

To create a cash flow Projection for your poultry farm business plan, click here to use our Simple Financial Template .

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Starting Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF)

poultry egg farming business plan

The poultry egg farming business offers a compelling blend of financial stability, scalability, and sustainability that makes it a noteworthy pursuit. The allure of layers chicken farming business lies in its ability to provide a consistent stream of income. With layers chickens laying eggs prolifically throughout the year, the financial predictability this venture offers is unparalleled. But beyond that, the profitability margins in this business are good, making it not just a sustainable endeavor but a highly lucrative one. The demand for eggs has soared to unprecedented heights, making the layers chicken farming business an exceptionally attractive venture to explore. Eggs, a dietary staple for countless households worldwide, enjoy enduring popularity due to their nutritional value and versatile culinary applications. As the global population continues to grow and dietary preferences evolve towards healthier and protein-rich options, the demand for high-quality, locally-sourced eggs has surged. This robust and consistent demand ensures a ready market for layers chicken farmers, underlining the profitability and sustainability of this business in meeting the ever-increasing appetite for eggs.

It is important that you understand how to manage the layers egg production business well so as to be profitable. Each business has principles that need to be followed in order for it to be successful. You need to have sufficient knowledge about how to efficiently take care of the layer chickens as well as good business management skills plus a good poultry egg farming business plan. This article will outline how to start the layers egg production business, and the poultry egg farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

This article and business plan is about  poultry egg farming (egg production).  We also have articles and business plans for

Broiler Poultry Farming Business

Free Range Chicken Farming Business

Click the links above to go to the articles and business plans. 

Market Research

Before starting a layers chicken farming business, conducting thorough market research is an essential step that can greatly influence your success. Understanding the market dynamics, consumer demand, and competition in the poultry industry is crucial for making informed decisions and positioning your business for growth. Part of conducting comprehensive market research for your layers chicken farming business is gaining a deep understanding of the pricing dynamics within your target market. This involves not only knowing the prevailing market prices for eggs but also identifying potential customers, their ordering frequency, and the quantities they typically purchase. Identify your target market for layers chicken eggs. Are you planning to sell directly to consumers, local businesses, or wholesale to larger distributors? Determine the demographics, preferences, and purchasing behaviors of your potential customers.  Also determine the pricing strategy for your layers chicken eggs. Calculate your production costs, including feed, labor, and overhead expenses, to set competitive yet profitable prices. Consider pricing models that align with market demand and your business objectives, such as premium, value, or volume pricing.

Analyze the competitive landscape in your area. Who are your competitors, and what is their market share? What sets your layers chicken farming business apart from others? Investigate their pricing strategies, product quality, and customer satisfaction levels. This information can guide you in developing a competitive advantage and differentiating your business in the market. Examine the supply chain involved in the layers chicken farming industry, from sourcing chickens and feed to egg distribution. Identify potential suppliers and establish relationships with reliable partners. Understanding the supply chain can help you optimize your operations and ensure a steady flow of resources.

Land For Poultry Egg Production Business

When starting a poultry egg farm you need the right amount of land and proper housing for your birds. The size of your project will determine the size of the land you will need. You also have to consider transport networks – your layers farm should be easily accessible as you will regularly have to transport eggs to the market and deliver stock feeds to the poultry farm. Other factors to consider include labor costs – you should locate your farm where cheap labour is available so as to cut operational costs thus increasing profitability of the poultry egg farming business. The location should be secure and have reliable water supply as the layers chickens require water daily. An egg farm business should be located close to the target market as eggs will need to be regularly transported to the market. You should not  locate the poultry egg farming project close to rivers or streams as this may result in the pollution of water by chicken drops during rainfall periods.

Layers Deep Litter System Vs Battery Cage System

There are 2 main housing systems that are used for layers. These are the deep litter system and the battery cage system. The deep litter system is whereby the layer chickens stay on a cemented floor of the layer house. It’s called deep litter because you will have to spread litter/bedding on the floor to provide comfort for the layers chickens. The bedding is usually in the form of wood shavings and saw dusts. In the deep litter system, the feeders & drinkers will be placed on the floor or hanged at a level where the layers chickens can reach. The battery cage system is a way of raising layers chickens in cages. This is the most popular way of carrying out commercial egg laying business. One of the main advantages of the battery cage system is that it uses less space as compared to the deep litter system. Thus you can rear a large number of layers birds per unit area as compared to the deep litter system. The battery cage system also reduces feed wastage (in deep litter system birds can move around and spill feed), ensures easy stock take, makes it easier to identify layer birds which are not producing eggs, and reduces cannibalism and egg eating.

Management of the layers birds is easier in the cage system. Battery cages are usually equipped with nipple drinkers that supply water to the chickens automatically, which is convenient. Layers cage system requires less labour as compared to deep litter system, thus increasing profitability of the egg production business. Diseases spread faster in the deep litter system as compared to the layers cages system – this is because the layers cage system limits the movement of birds, and the layer birds do not come into contact with their droppings. The disadvantage of battery cage system in poultry egg farming business include : its capital intensive as the cages are expensive, the layers chickens can easily suffer from leg problems, cage fatigue, and increased deposition of fat in the body. The housing system that you use should be clearly stated in your layers poultry egg production business plan.

Layers Chickens Housing

You should provide good housing for the layers chickens so as to have a profitable egg production business. When you are planning to construct a layers egg chicken house, you have to select a site which is well-drained with plenty of natural air movement. Layers chickens cannot adjust well to temperature extremes, so it is very essential that the layers hens be housed, cared and provided with an environment that will enable them to produce eggs efficiently. The design and size of the layers chicken house is determined by the number of layers chickens being kept, the cost and the climatic condition of the area. It is essential to house layers chickens of the same age together. This is to prevent potential problems like high risk of continuous infection. It also allows the farmer to administer the right feeds and follow the right method of lighting for the layers chickens. Your housing for the layers chickens can be barns, layer cages, chicken runs, hutches or chicken coops. The housing should provide adequate space for the layers chickens, should have a good ventilation system, should protect the layers chickens from extreme weather conditions and predators. Light stimulates egg production in layers, so the housing should have access to sunlight or artificial lighting. Costs of constructing the housing should be included in the poultry egg production business plan.

Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan

Equipment for Layers Egg Production Business

The equipment you need will be determined by the kind of system you choose to use, whether it is deep litter system or a cage system. The required equipment include feeders, drinkers, lighting system, chicken layer nests and waste disposal system. If you choose the cage system, make sure that you invest in layer cages that already have laying nests, feeders, and drinkers. For drinking, the nipple drinkers are worth the investment for the chicken cage. You can also consider using tanks, water regulators and pipes together with the drinking nipples for a complete drinking system. You should also choose the right chicken feeder trough to save on chicken feed – some chicken feeders have bad design which leads to wastage of feed.

The other equipment that may be required includes sprinklers, a moisture meter, vaccinator and eggs transportation trays to name a few. You should also invest in manure cleaning equipment especially if you keep the chickens in barns or chicken runs. Wet chicken manure leads to a high concentration of ammonia, which is bad for your hens’ respiratory system and eyes. As such, ensure that you regularly clean the barn or wherever you decide to keep the layers chickens. Take note that organic manure is great for your garden and some people sell it to crop growers. If you use a battery cage or chicken cage, you can save yourself space and the chickens can be separated from the manure. The layer farming business plan should take into account the costs of purchasing the equipment.

Point of Lay Chickens vs Layer Chicks

When investing in a poultry egg production business, you will have to make a choice between starting with day old layer chicks or point of lay birds. Point of layer chickens are young layers hens that are about to start laying eggs – they start to lay eggs at about 19 weeks of age. You can purchase day old layer chicks and feed them until they are 19 weeks old then they will start laying eggs – this means that you will have to wait for about 5 months before getting any revenue. So it may be best to invest in point of lay chickens since they are ready to start laying eggs – thus your layers egg production business can immediately start generating revenue with no waiting time. Take note of the risks when purchasing point of lay chickens. Make sure that the chickens are of high quality because you may end up spending too much money on layers with low egg production numbers. Some of the ways you can tell if point of lay chickens are of good quality is by observing the birds. Healthy birds are lively, with no forms of injuries and they respond well to feeding.

Whatever you decide to start with make sure that you buy your day old chicks or point of lay chickens from a reliable accredited hatchery where the parent stock is well managed. Layers chickens from different hatcheries vary significantly in terms of their quality and it will determine the success of your poultry egg farming business. If you buy point of lay chickens which are not well vaccinated, the layer chickens will have a low rate of egg production and a very high mortality rate. This will obviously lead to a financial loss for your layers chicken farming business.

When deciding whether to buy day old chicks or chicken layer eggs consider your level of experience raising chickens in addition to your available resources. If you have the capital as well as some experience raising day old chicks you can start rearing day old chicks. However, if your resources are limited you may want to consider starting with point of lay chickens. Make sure that you consider the vaccination history and age of the point of lay chickens. Many breeders will claim that the chickens have been vaccinated but that may not be the case. So, you must avoid buying point of lay chickens or even day old chicks from unreliable hatcheries. The costs of purchasing the point of lay birds or layers chicks should be included in the layers egg production business plan.

Layers Feeds

When it comes to feeding your layer chickens consider using a complete feed from a recognized feed store. Complete feeds provide your birds with a nutritionally balanced diet. In addition to the feed you provide your chickens, you can also supplement the layer chickens with scratch grains, table scraps and clippings. Scratch grains are low in protein and high in energy and fiber, but this is based on the grains you use. When you feed your layer chickens with scratch grains together with complete feeds, it helps dilute the nutrition levels in the carefully formulated diets. You can also feed your layer chickens table scraps such as peelings, stale bread, and leafy vegetables. Just make sure that the scraps are not rotten to prevent botulism. You can add clippings such as pasture or tender plants. Feeding your layer chickens well will give you higher laying rates, better persistency and a longer production cycle, thus increasing the profitability of your egg production business.

To produce a high number of eggs, the layer chickens must get adequate feed. Hens need plenty of calcium in their diets to lay eggs with hard, strong shells. The feed for layers chickens is called Layers Mash. The mash is specially formulated to provide all the nutrients they need in the correct quantities. Feed must be available in the trough at all times, as well as cool, fresh water in the bottles. On average, each laying hen requires 100g-120g of feed every day. The aim of the egg producer is to convert a given amount of feed into as many eggs as possible. It is very important to give the layers the right feeds, and the right quantities, so that they grow well and have a high egg production rate. The poultry egg farming business plan should take into account the costs of the layers feeds. 

Business Model

There are two primary options for starting the layers egg farming business: one can either begin with day-old chicks or opt for point-of-lay chickens. The key cost components of this business revolve around acquiring the chicks or point-of-lay chickens and providing them with feed. For day-old chicks, an essential aspect of the operation is raising them to maturity, typically up to 21 weeks of age when they start laying eggs. In contrast, point-of-lay chickens are already at the egg-laying stage upon acquisition, requiring you to provide them with food and water, after which they will consistently lay eggs. The revenue generated from selling these eggs significantly surpasses the input costs and operational expenses, leading to a healthy profit margin. What sets this business model apart is the consistent egg production throughout the year, ensuring a steady stream of income. The layers chickens can continue laying eggs for a period of up to 18 months. After this period, you have the opportunity to sell them, generating additional revenue. To maintain the sustainability of your layers chicken farming business, it’s necessary to replace the flock with a new batch of chicks or point-of-lay chickens. This cyclical process allows you to rejuvenate your flock, ensuring continuous egg production and income generation.

Whether you choose day-old chicks or point-of-lay chickens as your starting point, the layers’ ability to lay eggs consistently becomes the cornerstone of profitability in this business. This steady egg production provides a reliable source of income, offering financial stability for the layers chicken farming venture. By carefully managing the inputs, primarily feed and water, and maintaining the health and well-being of your chickens, you can maximize the production of high-quality eggs, ultimately contributing to the long-term success and sustainability of your layers chicken farming business.

Management and Labour

The number of farm workers you need will depend on the size of your poultry egg production project and your layer hosing system. Battery cage system requires less labour as compared to the deep litter system. If you are operating a small poultry egg farming business e.g. 100 birds, you and your family may be enough to take care of the birds. However if you are keeping 2000 chickens for egg production, then you will need full time employees to manage the poultry farm.  There is need for good technical knowledge of poultry egg production techniques for success in the business, and good management skills. The salaries and wages of your employees should be included in your poultry egg production business plan.

The amount of capital required for the poultry egg production business depends on the scale of the project. You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your poultry egg farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good poultry egg farming business plan. If you don’t have access to investors and bank loan, you can use your personal savings and start small, and grow your business overtime. Egg production business is very profitable. If you reinvest the profits you get, you can quickly grow.

Marketing Plan

Layers are mainly reared for egg production. There are also possibilities of selling them as off-layers for meat. They can also be sold as layers to other farmers. That is why some of the core customer segments are consumers in general, traders, retailers, and farmers. Marketing of layers must be targeted to the intended prospects. Some of the most strategic targets are bulk clients. Examples are supermarkets, shops, hotels, and restaurants. Marketing to them can entail approaching them with a proposal to become their supplier. Another strategy is to participate at local farmers’ markets. The thrust is to capture customers who purchase in bulk, regularly. If that is achieved it will minimize marketing and logistical costs as well. The heart of the marketing plan must be centered on digital marketing. This includes content marketing via a website, social media, online marketplaces, and email marketing, amongst others. There are countless marketing opportunities on online platforms.  This means you should have professionally designed and detailed e-fliers that you use on social media. Effective marketing of layers must skirt middlemen in order to deal directly with paying customers.

Market for Poultry Eggs

The demand for eggs is very high. Over 82 million tonnes of eggs is consumed globally annually. That’s a lot! Eggs are considered an alternative cheap source of proteins. Almost every household consumes boiled/fried eggs. Increasing protein consumption and rising incomes drive consumption of eggs.   Around the world, consumption of eggs is on the increase. This increase is particularly notable in developing countries where changing diets have people consuming a greater number of calories from protein sources like poultry meat and eggs. You can supply your eggs to individual households, supermarkets / grocery shops, wholesalers, schools, restaurants, companies, organizations, events etc.

Chicken egg production business plan pdf

Advantages of Layers Egg Farming Business

Starting a layers chicken farming business offers numerous advantages that make it an attractive venture for entrepreneurs and farmers alike. One of the most significant benefits is the assurance of a steady and consistent income. Layers chickens are prolific egg producers, capable of laying eggs throughout the year, providing a reliable source of revenue that allows for effective financial planning. This consistency in egg production ensures that the business remains profitable even during economic downturns, providing a sense of financial security.

Moreover, the layers chicken farming business boasts good profit margins. Eggs are a staple food item with a consistent demand in both urban and rural markets. When managed efficiently, this business can yield substantial profits. Controlling production costs and optimizing operational processes are key to enhancing profitability. The affordability of starting a layers chicken farm is another advantage, making it accessible to a wide range of individuals and entrepreneurs.

Furthermore, layers chicken farming offers scalability, allowing you to tailor the business to your specific goals and resources. Whether you’re starting on a small scale for personal consumption or aiming for large-scale commercial production, the flexibility of this business ensures that you can expand or contract as needed. Additionally, it presents an opportunity for skill development, as running a layers chicken farming business provides valuable experience in animal husbandry, business management, and marketing. Overall, the layers chicken farming business is an enticing prospect for those seeking a sustainable and profitable agricultural endeavor.

Why You Need a Layers Chicken Farming Business Plan

A well-structured business plan for a layers egg production business is instrumental in helping you understand its profitability. It serves as a financial compass, providing insights into revenue projections, operational costs, and overall financial viability. By meticulously outlining factors such as egg production rates, feed expenses, labor costs, and market prices, a business plan allows you to assess the potential profitability of your venture. Furthermore, it helps you identify critical factors that can affect profitability. Armed with this knowledge, you can proactively strategize to maximize profitability, mitigate risks, and make informed decisions to ensure the long-term success of your layers egg production business. A business plan is a financial roadmap, outlining your startup costs, operational expenses, revenue projections, and potential profitability. Having a clear financial roadmap helps you secure funding, make informed financial decisions, and mitigate financial risks. If you need financial support to start or expand your layers chicken farming business, a well-structured business plan is essential for attracting investors, lenders, or potential partners. It demonstrates your commitment, professionalism, and the potential for a return on investment.

Your business plan outlines the day-to-day operations of your layers chicken farm, detailing how you will manage tasks such as feeding, housing, and disease control. Having these operational procedures documented promotes efficiency and helps you troubleshoot potential challenges. Furthermore, a business plan encourages you to identify potential risks and challenges that may arise during the course of your layers chicken farming business. By acknowledging these risks upfront, you can develop strategies to mitigate them, enhancing your ability to adapt to unexpected situations.

Pre-Written Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements

For an in-depth analysis of the poultry egg farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the poultry egg production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the business, how to keep the layers, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.

The StartupBiz Global business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your layers egg production business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the poultry egg farming business.

Uses of the Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The Chicken egg production business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your egg production business
  • As a project/business proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the poultry egg farming business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

Contents of the Poultry Layers Egg Production Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The business plan include, but not limited to:

  • Marketing Strategy
  • Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
  • Risk Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • Market Analysis
  • Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep and rear the layers, feed requirements etc)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some people in poultry egg farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your poultry egg production business

The Pre-written Layers Egg Farming Business Plan package consist of 4 files:

  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 71 Pages)
  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 71 Pages)
  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 38 pages)
  • Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)

The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of layers, selling price of  the eggs etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.

Click below to download the Contents Page of the Poultry Egg Production Business Plan (PDF)

Poultry Egg Production Business Plan PDF

Testimonial 3

I was extremely lucky to come across StartupBiz Global. Their business plan exceeded my expectations, and most importantly I was able to secure a loan from my bank. Thank you guys, now my dreams are coming true!

Testimonial 5

I was able to understand the business side of farming because of your business plan. You did extensive research; the business plan was well prepared and fully detailed.  It made everything clear, and I have somewhere to start now. I am confident that I am going to succeed in my business because of the guidance from your business plan.

Testimonial 6

I purchased a business plan from you, and I’m glad to inform you that I was able to get my loan, and I’m starting my poultry farming business on the 1 st of July. This was made possible because of your business plan. Thank you very much, you made my dream come true.

Testimonial 8

Just wanted to say I am very happy with the business plan and I will gladly recommend your products, thank you very much and have a great day.

Testimonial 4

The business plan which I purchased from your website saved me TIME and MONEY! The layout of the business plan was excellent. The financial statements were detailed and easy for me to edit. I will come back to purchase another business plan soon.

Testimonial 2

Many thanks for your incredibly efficient service and thorough business plan. I am very impressed with the business plan. Before I bought the business plan, I tried to do my own business plan – it was such a nightmare and it turned out badly, also not to mention the stress it caused me. I wish I knew about your website earlier!

Testimonial 1

StartupBiz Global provided a very professional and comprehensive business plan which I used for my business. The business plan was easy to edit, and I was able to get the funding which I wanted. I highly recommend their business plans.

Testimonial 7

I found Startupbiz Global online when I was in desperate need of a business plan. I was overwhelmed by the quality of the business plan, it’s comprehensive and well researched! I did not have to wait to get the business plan, I got it instantly after payment. I highly recommend Startupbiz Global, and would happily use them again in the future.

Get the Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

Click Buy Now  below to purchase using Paypal, Credit Card, or Debit Card. After you have purchased, you will immediately see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. You will also immediately get an email with the business plan download link. The Pre-written business plan package (PDF, Word, and Excel) costs $30 only!

Buy Now

If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once then click here: Business Plans Store.

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on [email protected] and we will assist you.

We wish you the best in your poultry egg farming business! Check out our collection of business plans  , and more business ideas .

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Profile image of Asemelash Teka

Business concept: Purpose of the venture: 2015 G.C. To meet the demand of customer and built strong customer relationship, to create the employment opportunity for others and to contribute the economy of the country.

Related Papers

Takele Geta

Survey on rural chicken production system was conducted in three peasant associations of Haramaya Woreda of Oromia regional state to generate information on the problems and constraints emending the developments of their community with particular emphasis on poultry production and to list the possible opportunities and strategies that could solve these problems. A total of 120 households were used for the survey work. Finally, all the data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. About 77.5% of all the respondents share family dwellings with poultry, attributed to the small flock size, low priority given to chicken and relatively high cost of poultry house construction. The results obtained clearly showed that poultry diseases are widely spread in the Woreda and farmers pointed out that, Newcastle Disease, fowl cholera; respiratory diseases and predators are responsible for the major losses of birds in the study sites. Almost all the respondents reported poultry and poultry product market price fluctuation attributed to limitation in land holding, disease occurrence and low purchasing power of the consumers. About 100% of the respondents reported to keep different classes of chicken together, the practice of which facilitates transmission of diseases. In summary the results of this study tends to indicate that production performance of indigenous chicken is low under traditional production practice and need to be improved.

sample business plan for poultry farm

African journal of agricultural research

Tadelle Dessie

A cross sectional study was conducted with the objectives of assessing management practices and marketing systems of village chicken production from November 2011 to May 2012 in Ada’a and Lume districts of East Shewa, Ethiopia. Totally, 180 randomly selected respondents were included in the study from six purposively selected Peasant Associations (PA’s) from two districts. In both districts, 97.8% of the respondents provided additional feed supplements. Over 95% of the respondents used maize and wheat as additional supplements, provided mostly three times per day. About 96% of respondents in both districts provided water with free access. Extension services were used by 41.2% in Ada’a and 53.4% respondents in Lume districts. Of the total respondents, 78.8% did not vaccinate their chicken in Ada’a, whereas 80% of the respondents vaccinate their chicken in Lume districts. Collectively, about 56% of the respondents provided Oxy-tetracycline 20% as prophylactic measures against various ...

wubishet mekonin

Dawit Alemu

… paper for the Pro- …

Takele Desta

Ageze Abraham

Journal of World's Poultry Research JWPR

This experiment is designed to study the characteristics of village chicken husbandry practice, marketing and constraints in eastern Ethiopia. The study was conducted from July in four selected districts in the highlands of eastern Ethiopia (Haramaya, Kersa, Jarso and Meta). A total of 80 chicken owner households were randomly selected and interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Data on characteristics of village chicken production, feeds and feeding practices, housing, management of chicken and eggs, Marketing, diseases and constraints of village chicken production system were collected. Scavenging chicken production system is observed in all households of the districts. Average flock size of chickens in the study area was 9.4 birds and varied between 4 and 17 birds. In the present study, 82% of the households provide overnight housing within the family house for their chicken. Scavenging is the only feeding system encountered in all study districts with little grain supplementation. Most of the chicken are owned and managed by women (36.75%). Selling of unprocessed eggs and live chickens is mainly practiced. External parasites (mites), Coccidiosis and Newcastle disease were the most important and prevailing diseases in the study area with 39%, 38% and 34% incidence rates, respectively. The magnitude of occurrence of the parasites and diseases were higher in the wet season. Poor genetic quality, lack of extension service, inadequate veterinary service and poor management were the main constraints of village poultry production in the study area.

Tropical Animal Health and Production

Clemens Wollny

A. van der Zijpp


Dereje Bekele


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Farming With Precision!

Poultry Farming Business Plan In South Africa

[Pdf Sample] Poultry Farming Business Plan In South Africa Docx

sample business plan for poultry farm

Poultry farming is a lucrative business opportunity in South Africa, offering potential entrepreneurs the chance to tap into a growing market. A well-structured business plan is crucial for the success of any poultry farming venture. In this article, we will guide you through the process of creating a comprehensive business plan specifically tailored for poultry farming in South Africa.

[Pdf Sample] Business Plan Proposal For Poultry Farming In South Africa Docx

Table of Contents

To write a business plan , here is a breakdown of how it should be structured and what should be in each category. After this instruction, I will provide you with a sample of one I wrote for my farm , let us go:

Read Also:  [Pdf Sample] Farm Business Plan Example Docx

Executive Summary

The executive summary provides a brief overview of your poultry farming business plan , highlighting the key aspects and objectives. It should encompass the purpose of the business, target market, competitive advantage, and financial projections.

Business Overview

In this section, you will delve into the details of your poultry farming business . Outline the legal structure of your company, the location of your farm, and the type of poultry you plan to raise. Discuss the reasons behind choosing poultry farming as a business venture and emphasize the potential profitability and growth prospects in South Africa .

Read Also:  [Pdf Sample] Business Plan For Farming In South Africa Docx

Market Analysis

Conducting a thorough market analysis is essential to understand the demand and competition in the poultry farming industry. Identify your target market, including potential customers and buyers. Explore the current trends, consumer preferences, and market dynamics specific to South Africa . Additionally, analyze your competitors and identify strategies to differentiate your poultry products .

Read Also:  [Pdf Sample] Business Plan For Vegetable Farming In South Africa Docx

Poultry Farming Operations

In this section, outline the operational aspects of your poultry farm . Discuss the infrastructure requirements, such as housing, equipment, and facilities. Describe the processes involved in poultry rearing, including sourcing of chicks, feeding and nutrition, disease management, and waste disposal. Highlight any unique selling points or innovative techniques you plan to implement.

Production and Distribution Plan

Detail your production and distribution strategy for poultry products. Specify the expected output, such as the number of chickens or eggs per month. Discuss the production cycle, including the breeding, hatching, and growing phases. Outline your distribution channels, whether it be direct sales to consumers, supplying to retailers, or partnering with restaurants and hotels.

Read Also:  [Pdf Sample] Business Plan For Cattle Farming In South Africa Docx

Marketing Strategy

A well-defined marketing strategy is crucial to promote your poultry products and attract customers. Identify your target audience and devise a marketing plan that utilizes both online and offline channels. Discuss branding, advertising, social media presence, and participation in local events or farmers’ markets. Highlight any unique qualities of your poultry products, such as organic or free-range options.

Financial Projections

Provide comprehensive financial projections for your poultry farming business . Include details of your initial investment, operational costs, revenue streams, and projected profits. Utilize tools such as cash flow statements, income statements, and balance sheets to demonstrate the financial viability of your venture. Consider potential risks and contingencies while forecasting financial outcomes.

Read Also:  [Pdf Sample] Business Plan For Shrimp Farming Docx

Risk Analysis

In this section, analyze the potential risks and challenges associated with poultry farming in South Africa . Discuss factors such as disease outbreaks, market fluctuations, regulatory changes, and environmental impacts. Outline risk mitigation strategies and contingency plans to ensure the sustainability of your business .

Here Is the Download Link to Poultry Farming Business Plan And Proposal In South Africa Sample Prepared By

Is poultry farming profitable in South Africa?

Yes, poultry farming can be highly profitable in South Africa due to the high demand for poultry products.

What is the required investment for starting a poultry farm?

The required investment for starting a poultry farm varies depending on the scale and infrastructure, but it can range from moderate to substantial.

Read Also:  [Pdf Sample] Business Plan For Prawn Farming Docx

How can I differentiate my poultry products in the market?

You can differentiate your poultry products by focusing on factors such as organic or free-range farming , high-quality feed, and sustainable farming practices.

What are the main challenges in poultry farming?

Some of the main challenges in poultry farming include disease outbreaks, market volatility, rising feed costs, and regulatory compliance.

Can I export poultry products from South Africa?

Yes, South Africa has the potential for poultry product exports. However, it is essential to comply with international standards and regulations.

A well-structured and comprehensive business plan is vital for the success of your poultry farming venture in South Africa . By following the guidelines provided in this article, you can create a solid foundation for your business and increase your chances of achieving your goals.

sample business plan for poultry farm

Author: Adewebs

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    sample business plan for poultry farm

  6. Sample Poultry Farm Project Proposal Pdf

    sample business plan for poultry farm


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  1. Poultry Farm Business Plan Template & Guide [Updated 2024]

    Written by Dave Lavinsky Poultry Farm Business Plan Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their poultry farms. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning.

  2. Poultry Farm Business Plan Template (2024)

    Written by Dave Lavinsky Poultry Farm Business Plan You've come to the right place to create your Poultry Farm business plan. We have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans and many have used them to start or grow their Poultry Farms.

  3. Poultry Farming Business Plan

    Download the sample poultry farming business plan and get started with your business. How to Write a Poultry Business Plan? You need a business plan if you want to start a chicken farm or grow your existing one. We will go over each section of a detailed business plan for a chicken-raising company.

  4. Poultry Farm Business Plan: Templates & Samples w/ PDFs 2021

    Step #1: Get 'The Most Complete' Poultry Farming Business Plan Template Step #2: Download "The Poultry Farm Business Plan Analysis Playbook" Step #3: Download Poultry Plan It (eBook) Step #4: Download Poultry Project Reporter 2.0 - Insider's Guide Step #5: Download Sample Poultry Plan Data Step #6: Use Business Management Templates (Keep Sheet)

  5. Poultry Farm Business Plan Sample [Update 2024]

    Table of Content Do you want to start a Poultry Farming business plan? Starting a business in the food sector requires an ambitious plan. For a poultry farm business, a good business plan for poultry farming will be needed to make it successful. The primary step to starting this business is to learn how to write a business plan for poultry farming.

  6. Poultry Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]

    1. Industry Overview The agricultural industry of which poultry farming and egg production is a subset of is no doubt among the leading industry in most countries of the world; it is the industry that produces chicken and eggs for the populace.

  7. How to write a business plan for a poultry farm?

    Developing the marketing plan for a poultry farm. Before writing a poultry business plan, you must develop a comprehensive marketing plan. This will account for the budget allocated towards sales and marketing activities such as advertising, promotion, and pricing strategies. Your marketing plan should also outline strategies you will use to ...

  8. Poultry Farm Financial Projection

    Are you writing a poultry farm business plan? If YES, here is a sample poultry farm financial projection statement, budget & sales forecast. When it comes to calculating the cost of starting a commercial poultry farm, there are some key factors that should serve as a guide.

  9. PDF Poultry Farm Business Plan Example

    Objectives Mission Statement keys to success Financial Summary Hencube poultry is a farm focused on both egg and meat production that provides for a large market range. It also produces manure as a by-product. It is based in yola city, wuro Haussa.

  10. Sample Poultry Farming Business Plan

    This free poultry farming BUSINESS PLAN PDF SAMPLE provides the necessary support, and developing one is essential to success in the poultry business. Writing a business plan for your new or existing poultry business can never be underestimated. It provides more assessment of your venture and is a core requirement for obtaining loans and grants ...

  11. POULTRY FARM BUSINESS PLAN: Template and Guide

    #1. Executive Summary #2. Company Analysis #3. Market Analysis #4. Competitive Analysis #5. Marketing Strategy and Implementation #6. Management and Organization Structure #7. Financial Plan #8. Appendix Final Thoughts FAQs How profitable is poultry farming business? Do farmers pay tax UK? How much do egg farmers make a year UK? Related Article

  12. Chicken Farming Business Plan Sample

    2.1 The Business Kiley Protein farm will be a registered and licensed meat and egg producer based in Kansas City Missouri. The business will act as a model for starting up a chicken farm. The aim of this business will be to provide the best products. Start your Business Plan Now Start My Business Plan 2.2 Management of Chicken Farming Business

  13. [Pdf Sample] Business Plan For Poultry Egg Farming Docx

    Egg Production and Management Managing egg production is a critical aspect of poultry egg farming. We will cover the entire production cycle, from sourcing quality chicks or hatching eggs to raising pullets and ensuring optimal egg-laying conditions.

  14. Poultry Farming Business Plan Example

    poultry farming business plan example - Read online for free.

  15. Poultry Farm Business Plan Sample (With Financial Template)

    Introduction Nutrichic Farms is a poultry farm located in Nasarawa state, Nigeria. We rear broiler and layer chickens for eggs and meat production and sales. Through our farm, we produce healthy chickens and eggs, which are distributed at local markets in Nasarawa and other neighboring states. Business Analysis

  16. (PDF) Poultry Business Plan / Holistic Business Plan for Poultry

    This business plan document provides a workable framework for starting a poultry farm with a capacity for 10,000 poultry birds including 5,000 broilers and 5,000 layer birds.

  17. Starting Poultry Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF)

    This article will outline how to start the layers egg production business, and the poultry egg farming business plan - PDF, Word and Excel. This article and business plan is about poultry egg farming (egg production). We also have articles and business plans for Broiler Poultry Farming Business Free Range Chicken Farming Business

  18. [Pdf Sample] Poultry Farming Business Plan In Kenya Docx

    Market Research and Analysis Conducting thorough market research is crucial before starting a poultry farming business. This section delves into analyzing the demand and supply dynamics of the poultry market in Kenya. It includes factors such as consumer trends, competition, pricing strategies, and potential risks.


    29 + 3 Supervisor Katarina Broman The aim of the thesis was to develop a complete business template for starting a poultry farm. The intention was to create a guidebook that can be used to start a poultry farm which includes everything it entails to plan to start a poultry business in Nigeria.

  20. [PDF Sample] Business Plan for a Poultry Farm in Ghana

    Company Description The business will be a family-owned and operated poultry farm, located in a rural area of Ghana. The business will be owned and operated by a team of experienced poultry farmers, with access to capital and a sound business plan.


    A small scale poultry farm being run behind your house may require a capital of between $500 - $1,500. A medium scale poultry farm may require $2,000 - $5,000 and a large scale poultry farm may require a start-up capital of $10,000 and above. Like I stated earlier, scale is directly proportional to capital. 4.

  22. [Pdf Sample] Poultry Farming Business Plan In South Africa Docx

    July 21, 2023 Adewebs Join Us on WhatsApp Poultry farming is a lucrative business opportunity in South Africa, offering potential entrepreneurs the chance to tap into a growing market. A well-structured business plan is crucial for the success of any poultry farming venture.

  23. [PDF Sample] Business Plan for a Poultry Farm with Ghana

    A poultry farming business schedule is a necessary tool for any prospective poultry farmer in Ghanai. It outlines aforementioned purposes and purposes of the business, provide an overview of the industry real market, and identifies the natural and strategies needed to succeed. If you ask, how do I write a business plan for a poultry